Buland Darwaza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Buland Darwaza
Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza (Hindi: बुलंद दरवाज़ा, Urdu: بُلند دروازه‎, pronounced [ˈbʊlənd̪ d̪ərˈʋaːzaː]), meaning 'high' or 'great' gate in Urdu. It is located in Fatehpur Sikri.it which is located 43 km away from Agra, India. It is also known as the "Gate of Magnificence." Buland Darwaza or the loft gateway was built by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in 1601 A.D. at Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar built the Buland Darwaza to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. [1]

Architecture[edit]

The Buland Darwaza is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by white and black marble and towers above the courtyard of the mosque. The Buland Darwaza is symmetrical in plan and is topped by large free standing kiosks, which are the chhatris. It also has at top center the Buland Darwaza style roof terrace edge gallery-kiosks on the roof, stylized buckler-battlements, small minar-spires, and illuminating inlay work with white and black marble. On the outside a long flight of steps sweeps down the hill giving the gateway additional height. It is 40 metres high and 50 metres from the ground. The total height of the Structure is about 54 metres from the ground level. It is a 15-storied high gateway that guards the southern entrance of the city of Fatehpur Sikri.

A Persian inscription on eastern archway of the Buland Darwaza records Akbar's conquest over Uttar Pradesh and the victory in Gujarat in 1601. An inscription on the central face of the Buland Darwaza throws light on Akbar's religious broad mindedness.

It took 12 years to build.

Honeycombs at Buland Darwaza

Inscription[edit]

On the main gateway an Islamic inscription written in Persian reads "Isa (Jesus), son of Mary said: 'The world is a Bridge, pass over it, but build no houses upon it. He who hopes for a day, may hope for eternity; but the World endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer for the rest is unseen.'"


See Also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 27°05′40″N 77°39′46″E / 27.09444°N 77.66278°E / 27.09444; 77.66278