بلند شہر (Urdu)
|• Total||4,441 km2 (1,715 sq mi)|
|Elevation||195 m (640 ft)|
|• Density||788/km2 (2,040/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||91 (5732)|
|Sex ratio||892 ♂/♀|
Bulandshahr (Hindi:बुलंदशहर, Urdu: بلند شہر) is a city and a municipal board in Bulandshahr district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It is the administrative headquarters of Bulandshahr District. According to Government of India, the district Bulandshahr is one of the Minority Concentrated District in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators. The distance between Bulandshahr and New Delhi is 77.5 km and it takes 1 hour 26 mins to reach there.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2012)|
This region is close to the capital of the Pandavas - Indraprastha and Hastinapur. After the decline of Hastinapur, Ahar, which is situated in the north-east part of Bulandshahr District, became an important place for the Pandavas.
Later the King Parma made a fort in this part of the region. A Tomar king named Ahibaran laid the foundation of a fort called Baran here and established his capital. It was traditionally called Baran city and only recently came to be called Bulandshahr in official usages. Since it was perched on a highland it came to be known as "high city" (Persian: بلند شهر), which translates as Bulandshahr in Persian language. There is a present day place called Upper Court (Hindi: ओपरकोट) which is believed to be the Fort of Raja Ahibarna and old Baran was limited to this area.
King Ahivarn or Ahibaran was a Kshatriya and a Suryavanshi. He was the 21st descendant of Samrat (Emperor) Mandhata, the ruler of Ayodhya. According to Mahalakshmi Vrat Katha, it was in the lineage of Emperor Mandhatas that at one stage son of King Vallabh, Agrasen was born and at another stage son of King Parmaal, Ahivarn was born; both of whom further started their own clans: Agrawal (or Agarwal) and Varnwal (or Barnwal).
According to an old treatise on the Indian Caste system, 'Jati Bhaskar', Samrat Mandhata had two sons, Gunadhi and Mohan. King Parmaal was the descendant of King Gunadhi while King Vallabh was the descendant of King Mohan.
The Barn kingdom existed for hundreds of years. It was a great center of trade, commerce and arts. It is said[by whom?] the founding king of Bulandshahr Raja Ahibaran accepted the Vanika Dharma for the benefit of his people and for prospering trade and commerce in the region.
The kingdom of Barn came to an end probably during the 12th century. In 1192 CE when Muhammad Ghauri conquered parts of India, his Senapati, Qutubbudin surrounded Fort Barn and, with the help of traitors, was able to kill King Chandrasen Dor and in the process took control of the Barn kingdom.
The ancient ruins found at places in Bhatora Veerpur, Ghalibpur, etc. are indicative of the antiquity of Bulandshahr. There are several other important places in the District from where statues belonging to the medieval age and objects of ancient temples have been found. Even today, several of these historical and ancient objects such as coins, inscriptions etc. are preserved in the Lucknow State Museum.
As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bulandshahr urban agglomeration had a population of 235,310, out of which males were 125,549 and females were 111,761. The literacy rate was 78.37 per cent.
Famous People from Bulandshahr
- Gajendra Pal Singh Raghava Famous Indian scientist expert in bioinformatics, winner of numerous scientific awards including Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology
- Bhuvneshwar Kumar, Indian fast bowler.
- Yogendra Singh Yadav, Param Vir Chakra awardee, was born in Aurangabad, Bulandshahr.
- Kushal Pal Singh CEO of DLF Limited, India's largest real estate developer.
- Arif Mohammad Khan a former Indian Union minister.
- Neera Yadav She was an officer of the Indian Administrative Service.
- Kamlesh Balmiki is a member of Lok Sabha, and he represents Bulandshahr.
- Vijay Singh Pathik was among the first revolutionaries from the state who lit the torch of freedom movement in the state.
- Anil Yadav a child artist.
- Kishwar Naheed is a feminist Urdu poet from Pakistan born in Bulandshahr.
- Ilyas Burney head of Department of Economics at Osmania University.
- Acharya Chatursen Shastri was an eminent writer of Hindi.
- Jaiprakash Gaur founder and chairman of Jaiprakash Associates and Jaypee Group companies.
- "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Pib.nic.in. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
- "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above". Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-07.
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bulandshahr.|