Bulandshahr district

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Bulandshahr district
बुलन्दशहर ज़िला
بلند شہر ضلع
District of Uttar Pradesh
Location of Bulandshahr district in Uttar Pradesh
Location of Bulandshahr district in Uttar Pradesh
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
Administrative division Meerut
Headquarters Bulandshahr
Tehsils Bulandshahr
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Bulandshahr
Area
 • Total 3,719 km2 (1,436 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,498,507
 • Density 940/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 70.19 per cent[1]
Website Official website

Bulandshahr District (Hindi: बुलन्दशहर ज़िला, Urdu: بلند شہر ضلع), also spelt Bulandshahar, is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. Bulandshahr city is the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Bulandshahr District is in the Meerut Division of Uttar Pradesh, located between Ganges and Yamuna rivers. This is situated between 28.4 0 south and 28.0 0 north latitude and between 77.0 0 and 78.0 0 longitude. The District is about 84 km in length and 62 km in breadth. The district is 237.44 meters above sea level. The district headquarters is situated at Bulandshahr city.

The district has many important towns such as Sikandrabad, Dibai, Shikarpur, Siyana, Bugrasi, Anoopshahr, Jahangirabad, Khurja and Bulandshahr.

The Ganges River separates the district from Jyotiba Phule Nagar District and Badaun District to the east. The district is bounded on the south by Aligarh District, on the west by Gautam Budh Nagar, and on the north by Ghaziabad District.

History[edit]

Nothing certain is known of the history of the district before A.D. 1018, when Mahmud of Ghazni appeared before Baran and received the submission of the Hindu raja and his followers to Islam. In 1193 the city was captured by Kutb-ud-din. In the 14th century the district was subject to invasions of Rajput and Mongol clans who left permanent settlements in the country. With the firm establishment of the Mogul empire peace was restored, the most permanent effect of this period being the large proportion of Moslems among the population, due to the zeal of Aurangzeb. The decline of the Mogul empire gave free play to the turbulent spirit of the Jats and Gujars, many of whose chieftains succeeded in carving out petty principalities for themselves at the expense of their neighbours. During this period, however, Baran had properly no separate history, being a dependency of Koil, whence it continued to be administered under the Mahratta domination. After Koil and the fort of Aligarh had been captured by the British in 1803, Bulandshahr and the surrounding country were at first incorporated in the newly created district of Aligarh (1805).

In 1901, the population was 1,138,101.[2]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Bulandshahr district has a population of 3,498,507,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Lithuania[4] or the US state of Connecticut.[5] This gives it a ranking of 85th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 788 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,040 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 20.09%.[3] Bulandshahar has a sex ratio of 892 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 76.23%.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-10. 
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bulandshahr". Encyclopædia Britannica 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lithuania 3,535,547 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Connecticut 3,574,097" 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°25′N 77°50′E / 28.417°N 77.833°E / 28.417; 77.833