Bulgarian National Television (Bulgarian: Българска национална телевизия, Bŭlgarska natsionalna televiziya) or BNT (БНТ) is the public broadcaster of Bulgaria. The company was founded in 1959 and began broadcasting on December 26 of the same year. It began broadcasting in color in 1970. BNT's headquarters are located in Sofia, Bulgaria, in a building located at the well-known address of 29 San Stefano Str.
BNT's first live broadcast was the parade on the occasion of the October Revolution anniversary. BNT is funded from government funds (around 60%) with the rest coming from television commercials. It broadcasts two television channels: the over-the-air BNT 1 and the international BNT World, a channel aiming to broadcast Bulgarian production only. Another channel, Efir 2, existed between 1974 and 2000, and was later substituted by the private bTV. The channel was relaunched on October 2011 as BNT 2
BNT operates four regional broadcasting centres, based in Blagoevgrad (Pirin programme), Varna (More programme), Plovdiv (Plovdiv programme) and Rousse (Sever programme). They were merged to create the BNT 2 channel in October 2011.
In 2012 BNT launched an HDTV sports channel BNT HD to broadcast the Euro 2012 and London 2012 olympiade. After Bulgaria started official DVB-T transmissions on March 1, 2013, BNT got its own multiplex, which is available nationally and is operated by First Digital Ltd. The multiplex includes BNT 1 and BNT 2. The first new channel to be included to the multiplex is the BNT +.
The first appear of the first Bulgarian television was in 1959.I n the archive had recorders, photos and movies which were for the public in the end of the 1950s and beginning of '60s.
Since 1964 in the television were made the first diaries about the movies and the news on the program.
Since 1975 were made the first video programs in 2 inches.
In 1977 it was created a fond and make archives about the broadcasting and movies from the program.
In 1983 recorders with one-inch tape were made. The end of the 2 inches era ends at 1984.
The year 1991 is very important for the Bulgarian National Television. It starts all records to be recorded on computer and digitized for better quality and that can be written by other formats. In 1992 were created a gold fond about all archives:Photos – 2 000,Information objects 33 000.