Bulgarian diaspora

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The Bulgarian diaspora consists of citizens of Bulgaria abroad.

The number of Bulgarians outside Bulgaria has sharply increased since 1989, following the collapse of the communism in Central and Eastern Europe. Over one million Bulgarians have left the country, either permanently or as temporary workforce, leading to a marked decline in its population. Many took advantage of the US green card lottery system (people applied for tickets, they did not purchase them). Also many Bulgarians immigrated to Canada using the advantage of the Canadian immigration point system for skilled workers. Others went across the European Union. In countries such as Greece and Spain many Bulgarians work and stay there intermittently while retaining Bulgaria as their permanent residence, especially after the country became an European Union member state in 2007.

Most of the causes for the spread of the post-1990s Bulgarian diaspora throughout the EU member states and Northern America (USA and Canada) have been related to work and education. Therefore the majority of the emigrants have been allowed residence in other countries on skilled worker or student basis. That includes people of various skills - lower education workers (which usually deal with utilities and housekeeping) plumbers, construction workers, gardeners, handymen, maids, as well as a substantial amount of higher-education specialists - usually from the areas of engineering, computer science, chemistry and medicine.

The largest communities of the Bulgarian diaspora in the Western part of the European Union are in Spain, Germany, United Kingdom, France and Italy.

Other places that attracted Bulgarian immigration are Australia, New Zealand and South America, especially Argentina and Brazil.

Distribution by country[edit]

Country Bulgarian Citizens Article
Turkey Turkey 500,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Turks in Turkey and Bulgarians in Turkey
Greece Greece 300,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Greece
United States United States 300,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Americans
Spain Spain 150,878 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Spain
Italy Italy 100,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Italy
Germany Germany 74,869 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Germany
Canada Canada 70,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Canadians
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 50,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in the Republic of Macedonia
United Kingdom United Kingdom 35,000 (in 2009)[1] Bulgarian migration to the United Kingdom
Cyprus Cyprus 35,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Cyprus
France France 34,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in France
Russia Russia 32,265 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Russia
Moldova Moldova 20,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Moldova
South Africa South Africa 20,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in South Africa
Austria Austria 18,481 (in 2014)[1] Bulgarians in Austria
Belgium Belgium 18,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Belgium
Australia Australia 15,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Australian
Portugal Portugal 15,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Portugal
Serbia Serbia 15,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Serbia
Poland Poland 14,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Poland
Netherlands Netherlands 12,340 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in the Netherlands
Israel Israel 7,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Jews in Israel
Switzerland Switzerland 4,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Switzerland
Denmark Denmark 4,200 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Denmark
Sweden Sweden 4,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Sweden
United Arab Emirates UAE 3,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in UAE
Czech Republic Czech Republic 3,206 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Czech Republic
Republic of Ireland Ireland 3,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Ireland
New Zealand New Zealand 3,000 Bulgarians in New Zealand
Hungary Hungary 2,800 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Hungary
Argentina Argentina 2,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Argentina
Romania Romania 2,000 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Romania
Norway Norway 1,800 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Norway
Slovakia Slovakia 1,800 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Slovakia
Slovenia Slovenia 1,500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Slovenia
Syria Syria 1,200 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Syria
Lebanon Lebanon 1,000 Bulgarians in Lebanon
Jordan Jordan 1,000 (in 2011)[1]
State of Palestine Palestinian territories 1,000 (in 2011)[1]
Finland Finland 1,000 (in 2011)[1]
Latvia Latvia 921 (2011 est.)[2]
Luxembourg Luxembourg 800 (in 2011)[1]
Kuwait Kuwait 700 (in 2011)[1]
Mexico Mexico 500 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Mexico
Ukraine Ukraine 420 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Ukraine
Japan Japan 350 (in 2011)[1]
Morocco Morocco 312 (in 2011)[1]
Croatia Croatia 300 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Croatia
Brazil Brazil 277 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Brazil
China China 256 (in 2011)[1]
Egypt Egypt 250 (in 2011)[1]
Nigeria Nigeria 250 (in 2011)[1]
Indonesia Indonesia 235 (in 2011)[1]
Algeria Algeria 200 (in 2011)[1]
Tunisia Tunisia 200 (in 2011)[1]
Chile Chile 200 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Chile
India India 104 (in 2011)[1]
Belarus Belarus 100 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Belarus
Kosovo Kosovo 100 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Kosovo
South Korea South Korea 100 (in 2011)[1]
Cuba Cuba 65 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Cuba
Yemen Yemen 60 (in 2011)[1]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 50 (in 2011)[1]
Vietnam Vietnam 50 (in 2011)[1]
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia 44 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Bosnia
Armenia Armenia 30 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarian Armenians in Armenia
Albania Albania 26 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Albania
Georgia (country) Georgia 25 (in 2011)[1]
Montenegro Montenegro 25 (in 2011)[1]
Iran Iran 20 (in 2011)[1]
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 20 (in 2011)[1] Bulgarians in Kazakhstan
Ethiopia Ethiopia 16 (in 2011)[1]
Pakistan Pakistan 11 (in 2011)[1]
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 8 (in 2011)[1] (and ethnic Bulgarians 1,980 (in 2011)[3])
Mongolia Mongolia 6 (in 2011)[1]
Afghanistan Afghanistan 2 (in 2011)[1]
Qatar Qatar 100
Nicaragua Nicaragua 50 Bulgarians in Nicaragua
TOTAL 2,009,718 - 2,012,218 (Bulgaria Bulgaria: 7,364,570 (in 2011)[4] )

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu Брой на българските граждани в чужбина (2011 г.) | www.EuroChicago.com - The Bulgarian Media Portal in Chicago
  2. ^ (Latvian) Latvijas iedzīvotāju sadalījums pēc nacionālā sastāva un valstiskās piederības
  3. ^ http://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/10998/UZ
  4. ^ Национален статистически институт - Преброяване 2011

External links[edit]