Bulgarian migration to the United Kingdom
The London Bulgarian Choir on stage
5,351 (2001 Census)
35,000 (2009 ONS estimate)
130 000 (non-official)
|Regions with significant populations|
|London, Birmingham, Southampton, etc.|
|Bulgarian Orthodox Church|
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Bulgarians in the United Kingdom include people from Bulgaria who have migrated to the United Kingdom and their descendents. The number of Bulgarian-born people resident in the UK has risen from 5,351 at the time of the 2001 Census to an estimated 35,000 in 2009.
A true Bulgarian community in the United Kingdom was formed relatively recently as compared to Bulgarian communities in other countries in Western Europe. Few Bulgarian students enrolled at British universities before World War II; political and economic emigration was also scarce. It was only around 1944–1945 that a more apparent circle of Bulgarian political emigrants was formed in the United Kingdom.
During the Cold War, when Bulgaria was a socialist state known as the People's Republic of Bulgaria (1944–1989), the Bulgarian community in the United Kingdom numbered some 3,000–4,000, mostly in England. Emigration to the United Kingdom was very active in the 1990s and 2000s. By 2000, the Bulgarian community numbered over 10,000 according to unofficial data. Other estimates from the early 21st century claim over 30,000 Bulgarians live permanently or temporarily (as students and workers) in the capital London alone. The 2001 UK Census recorded 5,351 people born in Bulgaria.
When Bulgaria joined the European Union in January 2007, the British government placed transitional restrictions on the rights of Bulgarians to move to the UK, which were subsequently extended and currently remain in place. Estimates by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Bulgaria put the number of Bulgarians in the UK at 70,000–80,000. However, the Office for National Statistics estimates that, in 2009, 35,000 Bulgarian-born people were resident in the UK.
- Elizaveta Karamihailova, physicist
- Paul Dickov (b. 1972), Scottish footballer of possible Bulgarian descent
- Boncho Genchev (b. 1964), footballer, first Bulgarian in the Premier League, currently residing in London
- Stanislav Ianevski (b. 1985), actor
- Georgi Markov (1929–1978), dissident writer
- Gerri Peev, journalist
- Silvena Rowe, chef
- Колев, Йордан (2005). Българите извън България (in Bulgarian). София: Тангра ТанНакРа. pp. 273, 424. ISBN 954-9942-73-2.
- "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 2008-09-20.
- "EU worker restrictions to remain". BBC News. 2007-10-30. Retrieved 2009-10-26.
- "Bulgarian MFA — Bulgarians in the United Kingdom". www.mfa.bg. Retrieved 2009-10-26.[dead link]
- "Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth (Table 1.3)". Office for National Statistics. September 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2010.
- Инджов, Момчил; Свилен Кириловски (2005-10-22). "Фабиан Естояноф може да е българската следа на Мондиал`06" (in Bulgarian). Сега. Retrieved 2009-10-27.
- London Bulgarian Choir
- Bulgarian Party London
- Bulgarian London
- BG London — Bulgarian Newspaper London, UK