Bull of the Woods Wilderness
|Bull of the Woods Wilderness|
Elk Lake Creek
|Location||Clackamas / Marion counties, Oregon, USA|
|Nearest city||Detroit, Oregon|
|Area||37,607 acres (15,219 ha)|
|Governing body||U.S. Forest Service|
The Bull of the Woods Wilderness is a wilderness area located in the Mount Hood National Forest in the northwestern Cascades of Oregon, United States. It was created in 1984 and consists of 37,607 acres (15,219 ha) including prime low-elevation old growth forest, about a dozen lakes of at least 1-acre (4,000 m2) and many large creeks and streams. Adjacent areas, including Opal Creek Wilderness to the west, create a pristine area of nearly 84 square miles (218 km2). There are at least ten trailheads and 60 miles (97 km) of trail.
5,558-foot (1,694 m) tall Battle Ax summit is the highest point in the Wilderness. Among other tall peaks is 5,523-foot (1,683 m) Bull of the Woods Mountain, from which the area derives its name. An abandoned fire lookout stands at the top of Bull of the Woods Mountain, from which views of the Cascades and the surrounding territory can be seen. The mountain slopes are quite steep, with lower inclines ranging from 30 to 60 degrees and upper inclines from 60 to 90 degrees. The wilderness contains the headwaters of the Collawash, and Little North Santiam rivers.
The forest consists almost solely of coniferous species such as Douglas Fir, Western Hemlock, and Western Red Cedar, but deciduous red alder is also prevalent along creeks. Pacific yew is also common in certain parts of the wilderness, and rhododendrons can be seen blooming profusely throughout many areas around early June. Bull of the Woods contains one of the last stands of old growth in western Oregon, and is home to the northern spotted owl.
Primary recreational activities in Bull of the Woods include camping, hiking, wildlife watching, and soaking in the hot springs. It is possible to see relics of the 19th century gold rush, such as deserted mine shafts and old mining equipment. Various trails lead to a fire lookout at the peak of Bull of the Woods Mountain, with fantastic views of the Wilderness.
- Wilderness.net. U.S. National Wilderness Preservation System Map (Map). http://www.wilderness.net/map.cfm?xmin=-13607514.9158&ymin=5593103.9263&xmax=-13578245.185&ymax=5614808.4679. Retrieved 2014-07-28.
- "Bull of the Woods Wilderness". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- "Bull of the Woods Wilderness". The Wilderness Institute at the University of Montana. Retrieved 2007-08-07.
- "Bull of the Woods Wilderness, Oregon". Public Lands Information Center. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- NW Hiker "Battle Ax Mtn Loop Hike". Northwest Hiker. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- NW Hiker "Bull of the Woods Mtn and Pansy Lake Loop Hike". Northwest Hiker. Retrieved 2008-12-12.