Bullecourt

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Bullecourt
Coat of arms of Bullecourt
Coat of arms
Bullecourt is located in France
Bullecourt
Bullecourt
Coordinates: 50°11′35″N 2°55′43″E / 50.1931°N 2.9286°E / 50.1931; 2.9286Coordinates: 50°11′35″N 2°55′43″E / 50.1931°N 2.9286°E / 50.1931; 2.9286
Country France
Region Nord-Pas-de-Calais
Department Pas-de-Calais
Arrondissement Arras
Canton Croisilles
Intercommunality Arras
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Jules Laude
Area1 6.43 km2 (2.48 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 243
 • Density 38/km2 (98/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 62185 / 62128
Elevation 74–104 m (243–341 ft)
(avg. 92 m or 302 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bullecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in France.

Geography[edit]

Bullecourt lies on the Upper Cretaceous plain of Artois between Arras and Bapaume and east of the A1 motorway. This satellite photograph shows Bullecourt just north of centre. Quéant is the larger of the two villages near the eastern edge. The A1 and the high-speed (TGV) railway line run up the western edge. To the south of Bullecourt, a now closed local railway line snakes from east to west.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 490 —    
1800 522 +6.5%
1806 522 +0.0%
1821 532 +1.9%
1831 583 +9.6%
1836 556 −4.6%
1841 601 +8.1%
1846 617 +2.7%
1851 593 −3.9%
1856 543 −8.4%
1861 503 −7.4%
1866 490 −2.6%
1872 527 +7.6%
1876 559 +6.1%
1881 547 −2.1%
1886 488 −10.8%
1891 512 +4.9%
1896 506 −1.2%
1901 458 −9.5%
1906 423 −7.6%
1911 396 −6.4%
1921 181 −54.3%
1926 273 +50.8%
1931 281 +2.9%
1936 288 +2.5%
1946 321 +11.5%
1954 330 +2.8%
1962 296 −10.3%
1968 264 −10.8%
1975 245 −7.2%
1982 248 +1.2%
1990 260 +4.8%
1999 251 −3.5%
2006 239 −4.8%
2009 243 +1.7%

Transportation[edit]

Bullecourt lies in the triangle made by the A1, A2 and A26 motorways and that made by the N17, N30 and D939 roads.

History[edit]

There were remains from the Gallo-Roman period and the village was mentioned under the name "Bullecortis", in 1096.

In 620, it was the birthplace of Saint Vindicien, a follower of Saint Eligius, known in French as Saint Eloi. Vindicien became successively, bishop of Arras and bishop of Cambrai. He is regarded as the founder of the abbey named after his mentor, Mont St Eloi, of which Bullecourt became a lordship.

The village has twice been completely destroyed: in 1543 and in 1917. As a result of events in the latter year, Bullecourt is part of Australian, ANZAC history. This arose as part of the Battle of Arras in the spring of 1917, when Bullecourt lay at the southern end of the battle front. See Australian 4th Division (World War I). The 62nd Division was part of the same battle in the sector adjoining that of the ANZACs and facing the part of the Hindenburg Line which lay in the village itself. They returned to the sector formerly occupied by the Australians, later in May. The Musée Jean et Denise Letaille now commemorates this fighting.

Hindenburg Line at Bullecourt, 1920

Sights[edit]

While there were many bunkers and dugouts, from the period of the Hindenburg Line, there is also an underground shelter from the 17th century.

The church of St. Vlaast was rebuilt after 1918.

There is a museum of objects collected from the periods of the world wars.

Economy and village life[edit]

The economy is one of general farming with the raising of beef. The village has an agricultural cooperative.

The village festival is held on the first Sunday of June and there is a festival in honour of the Australians on the last Saturday in April.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]