The term bullycide is a portmanteau word first used in 2001 by Neil Marr and Tim Field in their book Bullycide: Death at Playtime. It refers to suicide attributable to the victim having been bullied, either in person or via social media. Bullycide has also been defined as the killing of the bully by the victim. The term has come to prominence during the highly publicised teenage suicides in the USA in the latter part of 2010, but had been used less widely before. The term has also gained notice by way of celebrities including Lady Gaga and Kim Kardashian speaking out against it.
In response to the bullying-related deaths in 2010, particularly those related to cyber-bullying, an online event, Spirit Day, was created in which participants were asked to wear purple as a symbol of respect for the deceased victims of bullying and to signify opposition to the bullying of the LGBT community.
Legal analysts criticise the term because it links a cause with an effect under someone else's control. Research shows those who are bullied have a higher probability of considering or performing suicide than those who are not. However, there are victims of bullying who do not end up committing suicide, and some of them share their experiences in order to send a positive message to bullying victims that suicide is not the only option. In 2010 there were at least 34 suicides reported that have been attributed to bullycide. That number may be very low though because some incidents may be mistakenly reported as a “regular” suicide.
- Marr, Neil; Field, Tim (30 January 2001). Bullycide: Death at Playtime (1 ed.). Success Unlimited. ISBN 978-0-9529121-2-5.
- Bender, Joyce (28 April 2008). "Bullycide: The Only Escape for Some Brutalized Children with Disabilities". The Cutting Edge. Retrieved 24 October 2010. "Attempting suicide because of being bullied in school is a shocking and sometimes inexplicable choice that many young people are making today in middle schools and high schools across America. This tragic form of death, known as Bullycide, is triggered by relentless bullying and depression. Neil Marr and the late Tim Field first coined the term in their book, Bullycide: Death at Playtime."
- Pursell Elliott, Gail (9 May 2003). School Mobbing and Emotional Abuse: See it - Stop it - Prevent it with Dignity and Respect. Routledge. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-415-94551-6. "Our research reveals that each year in the UK at least 16 children commit bullycide and around 80 children attempt bullycide"
- Moffatt, Gregory K (30 June 2003). Wounded Innocents and Fallen Angels: Child Abuse and Child Aggression. Praeger Publishers. p. 161. ISBN 978-0-275-97848-8. "'Bullycide' is the word that has been used to describe children who commit suicide because of bullies"
- Martinez, Edecio (4 May 2010). "Cyber Bullying Illegal: Mass. Governor Signs Landmark Anti-Bullying Law - Crimesider - CBS News". CBS News. Retrieved 25 October 2010. "Yale professor Young-Shin Kim has done research on what's been termed "bullycide" and has found that victims of bullying are 5.6 times more at risk of attempting or thinking about suicide."
- M, Ronald; Shiromoto, Frank N (30 October 2009). The Encyclopedia of Trauma and Traumatic Stress Disorders (Facts on File Library of Health and Living). Facts on File. pp. 65–66. ISBN 978-0-8160-6764-0. "'Bullycide' is a slang term that refers to the murder of a bully by the victim, which is very rare"
- "Kentucky Family Sues School In "Bullycide" Of Son". WiredPRNews.com - Law. 4 July 2008. Retrieved 24 October 2010. "A Kentucky family has sued the principal of Allen Central Middle School in Floyd County, Kentucky, and school district officials for the bullycide of their 13-year old son. Stephen Lawrence Patton, an 8th grader at Allen Central Middle School, died of a self-inflicted gun shot wound to the head on November 28, 2007."
- LaSalle, Reneé (16 November 2009). "No Charges in Murray County High School "Bullycide" Case". WDEF News. Retrieved 24 October 2010. "Chatsworth authorities say no charges will be filed in the Bully-cide death of a Murray County High School junior."
- Sikora, Kate (31 July 2008). "Signs that can help you save your child". The Daily Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 24 October 2010. "PSYCHOLOGISTS are warning parents to arm their children against bullying before they start school as "bullycide" becomes one of the biggest issues facing the education system."
- Kessler, David (4 October 2010). "The grief of bullycide". CNN. Retrieved 24 October 2010. "Teachers, especially, may experience the "bargaining" described by Kübler-Ross. After a bullycide, teachers start asking, "If we had done things differently, could we have helped more?""
- Macavinta, Courtney (11 October 2010). "Bullycide Prevention: 3 Steps for Parents". Huffington Post. Retrieved 24 October 2010. "At the heart of these so-called bullycides is a major muscle that is underdeveloped: compassion. We need to develop compassionate habits in our hearts and homes."
- Ollove, Michael (28 April 2010). "Bullying and teen suicide: How do we adjust school climate?". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 24 October 2010. "The schoolyard bully: Who doesn’t carry a memory of that childhood nemesis? But fueled by the Internet and other social trends, a tragic twist on the old problem has pierced the American conscience: ‘Bullycide,’ the escape, by suicide, from peer harassment."
- Kohut, Margaret R (9 November 2007). The Complete Guide to Understanding, Controlling, and Stopping Bullies & Bullying: A Complete Guide for Teachers & Parents. Atlantic Publishing Company. p. 114. ISBN 978-1-60138-021-0. "The term 'Bullycide' has been criticized by legal analysts because it suggests that the bully was personally responsible for the victim's death. In Brian's case no bully pulled the trigger; the victim did."
- "Holiday shopping: Tips to find the best deals on Cyber Monday 2010". Daily News (New York).
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- Burgess, Christopher. "Bullying:The 34 we lost in 2010 to Bullycide". Author, Speaker, Humanitarian, Leader, Senior Security Advisor.