Bulyanhulu Gold Mine
|Company||African Barrick Gold|
|Year of acquisition||1999|
Bulyanhulu Gold Mine is an underground gold mine in the Shinyanga Region of Tanzania, located 55 kilometres south of Lake Victoria. It is one of three gold mines African Barrick Gold, a company listed on the London Stock Exchange, operates in Tanzania, the other two being Buzwagi and the North Mara Gold Mine.
Gold mining in Tanzania in modern times dates back to the German colonial period, beginning with gold discoveries near Lake Victoria in 1894. The first gold mine in what was then Tanganyika, the Sekenke Mine, began operation in 1909, and gold mining in Tanzania experienced a boom between 1930 and World War II. By 1967, gold production in the country had dropped to insignificance but was revived in the mid-1970s, when the gold price rose once more. In the late 1990s, foreign mining companies started investing in the exploration and development of gold deposits in Tanzania, leading to the opening of a number of new mines.
Barrick acquired the Bulyanhulu project in 1999 when it purchased Sutton Resources. The mine is located 150 kilometres (93 mi) southwest of the city of Mwanza, a regional center. Bulyanhulu opened in 2001, and was built for a capital cost of US$280 million. Following the opening of Bulyanhulu, Tanzania became the third largest producer of gold in Africa, behind South Africa and Mali.
Bulyanhulu consists of an underground mine, a process plant, waste rock dumps, tailing containment, water management ponds, and associated facilities. As of 2012 there was an expected mine life of 25 years remaining. When it opened it was Tanzania's deepest mine.
In the early 1990s Kahama Mining—a subsidiary of Sutton Resources, a mineral exploration company—acquired the rights to explore the area. Small-scale miners claimed title to the land. On 31 July 1996 evictions started, and on 4 August 1996 miners obtained an injunction from the High Court to stop the regional commissioner from clearing the area until the land rights issue had been ruled upon by the court. According to Amnesty International and the miners' union, police and Kahama employees ignored the injunction and continued evictions. In a press release the Inspector General of the Police claimed that around 200,000 people had been evicted. Canadian diplomatic officials estimated that between 10,000 and 20,000 miners had left.
The small-scale miners claim that the police used force to evict from the area, and that Kahama used graders to seal off mine shafts with sand, knowingly burying alive miners who were still working inside. The police and Barrick Gold, the current owner of the site, deny that killings took place. A 2002 report by the Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman (CAO) of the International Finance Corporation (IFC), based on a 2001 visit to the site, concluded that there was not evidence of murder. Amnesty International has been denied access to the site by Tanzanian authorities, as was a team of international observers in 2001, the latter allegedly because they had entered the country with tourist visas.
In 2006 a miner was killed by a falling rock, and in March 2010 a fall of ground was responsible for the death of three miners and the destruction of the drill jumbo they were operating. In 2009 Bulyanhulu was awarded a National Award by Tanzania Occupational Safety and Health Authority for their health and safety program.
- Tanzania Mining History tanzaniagold.com, accessed: 24 July 2010
- Thomaz, Carla (7 October 2005). "Bulyanhulu Mine". Creamer's Mining Weekly. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- African Barrick Gold website: Bulyanhulu Gold Mine accessed: 22 July 2010
- "Buzwagi pours first gold". Daily News. 11 May 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
- Dean, Roger (22 July 2001). "Tanzania's pot of gold". BBC News. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- "Backgrounder: Bulyanhulu". MiningWatch Canada. 9 August 2005. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
- "Bulyanhulu: Allegations about the brutal eviction of miners are being tested again". Africa Confidential 42 (18): 7. 14 September 2001.
- Lange, Siri. "Gold and Governance: Legal Injustices and Lost Opportunities in Tanzania". African Affairs. 2011 110 (439): 233–52. doi:10.1093/afraf/adr003. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
- Deneault, Alain (2008). Noir Canada. Écosociété. p. 22.
- "Assessment Report Summary: Complaint regarding MIGA's guarantee of the Bulyanhulu Gold Mine, Tanzania". The Office of the Compliance Advisor/Ombudsman. Retrieved 16 February 2014.
- "Barrick Tanzania gold mine to resume Friday". Reuters. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- Patty, Magubira (18 March 2010). "Three workers die in mine accident". The Citizen. Retrieved 2010-07-21.
- "FATALITIES: Three dead in fall of ground at Bulyanhulu". Canadian Mining Journal. 21 March 2010. Retrieved 22 July 2010.
- African Barrick Gold website
- Bulyanhulu mine (TZA-00045) Secretariat of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States website