Bunak language

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Bunak
Native to Indonesia, East Timor
Region central Timor
Native speakers
76,000  (2010)[1]
Trans–New Guinea (TNG)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bfn
Glottolog buna1278[2]
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Distribution of Bunak in East Timor (West Timor not shown)

The Bunak language (also known as Bunaq, Buna', Bunake) is the language of the Bunak people of the mountainous region of central Timor, split between the political boundary between West Timor, Indonesia, particularly in Lamaknen District and East Timor. It is one of the few on Timor which is not an Austronesian language, but rather a Papuan language like groups on New Guinea. It is usually classified in the Trans–New Guinea language family. The language is surrounded by Malayo-Polynesian languages, like the Atoni and the Tetum.

Pronouns seem to tie Bunak more closely to the Alor–Pantar languages, in a group Ross (2005) calls "West Timor", than with the Papuan East Timor languages. The independent pronouns and object prefixes, which appear to retain the proto-Trans–New Guinea dual suffix *-li, are as follows:

sg du pl
1excl ne-to
n-
ne-li
n-
ne-i
n-
1incl i-li
∅-
i
∅-
2 e-to
∅-
e-li
∅-
e-i
∅-
3an himo
g-
hala'i
g-
3inan homo

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bunak at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bunak". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.