Bundeena, New South Wales
Sydney, New South Wales
Town centre, November 2009
|• Density||997/km2 (2,580/sq mi)|
|Area||1.9 km2 (0.7 sq mi)|
|Location||29 km (18 mi) south of Sydney CBD|
Bundeena is a village on the outskirts of southern Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Bundeena is located 29 km south of the Sydney central business district and is part of the local government area of the Sutherland Shire.
The beaches at Bundeena are Jibbon Beach, Gunyah Beach, Horderns Beach and Bonnie Vale Beach. Cabbage Tree Creek and 'The Basin' separate Bundeena from the smaller village of Maianbar. A bush track and footbridge link the two villages. Bonnie Vale is also one of the few camp grounds within the Royal National Park.
Bundeena may be accessed by passenger ferry from Cronulla or by road through the Royal National Park from Sutherland or Waterfall. Cronulla and National Park Ferry Cruises provides regular ferry services between Cronulla and Bundeena. The wharf at Cronulla is located on Gunnamatta Bay, near Cronulla railway station. Ferry trips vary from 20mins to 30mins depending on the weather. Many people from Bundeena drive to the railway station at Sutherland, as it is only a 25min drive as opposed to 30mins ferry to Cronulla and then a 15min train trip to Sutherland.
During early colonial settlement, Indonesian rusa deer were introduced and have since become a large population in the area. Many residents see the deer as pests, but they are a protected species, although the National Parks & Wildlife Service are permitted a small yearly cull. However many residents also take delight in the deer, which causes much division and emotion in the affected townships.
Bundeena is an Aboriginal word meaning "noise like thunder" (presumed to be a reference to the sound of the waves crashing on Horderns Beach). Aboriginal rock engravings made by Dharawal people can be found at Jibbon Head.
Bass and Flinders investigated the area in 1796, deciding that it was not a suitable location for a settlement. In 1815 there were reports of criminals in the Cabbage Tree Creek region who were producing sly grog. They used the caves along the foreshore for storage.
Bundeena's first authorised white settler, Owen Byrne, was granted land at the site in 1832. George Simpson received a land grant at the adjacent Bonnie Vale in 1863. Simpson's Hotel was opened in the area now known as Simpsons Bay by George's son, William, in the 1870s. The sandstone Simpson's House (1870s) is still standing at what is now Bonnie Vale Campground.
A wharf was built in 1890 and W.A. Hodgkinson conducted a launch service from Gunnamatta Bay in 1908. Captain R.R. Ryall commenced the Cronulla to Bundeena ferry service in 1915. The Wharf was reconstructed in 1920. The district's first store commenced operations at the beginning of the 1930s. Bundeena Public School opened on 14 September 1948.
According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 1,894 residents in Bundeena. In Bundeena, 74.4% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were England 7.2%, New Zealand 2.3% and Germany 1.0%. 89.1% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included German 1.1%, French 0.8% and Italian 0.8%. The most common responses for religion in Bundeena were No Religion 31.1%, Catholic 24.7%, Anglican 20.2%, Christian, nfd 3.1% and Uniting Church 3.1%.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Bundeena (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Refer article in the Sydney Morning Herald http://www.smh.com.au/news/national/the-deer-hunters/2007/12/20/1197740472554.html
- Refer notes at Heritage Australia http://www.heritageaustralia.com.au/search.php?state=NSW®ion=107&view=664
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