Bung language

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Native to Cameroon
Region Adamawa Province
Native speakers
3  (1995; repeated 2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bqd
Glottolog bung1259[2]

The Bung language is a nearly extinct, endangered language of Cameroon spoken by 3 people (in 1995) at the village of Boung on the Adamawa Plateau.[1] It is remembered best by one speaker who is not a native speaker and learned the language at a young age. A wordlist collected for it shows its strongest resemblance to be with the Ndung dialect of Mambiloid language Kwanja, although that may simply be because this has become the dominant language of the village where Bung's last speakers reside.[1] It also has words in common with other Mambiloid languages such as Tep, Somyev, and Vute, while a number of words' origins remain unclear (possibly Adamawan).[1] For lack of data, it is not definitively classified.


  1. ^ a b c d Bruce Connell, 1997: Moribund Languages of the Nigeria-Cameroon Borderland
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bung". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

External Links[edit]

  • The Endangered Languages Project: Bung [1]
  • Ethnologue's Bung Language Profile: [2]


  • Bendor-Samuel, J. T., & Perrin, M. (1971) A Note on Labialization in Mambila. In Actes du 8me Congres International de Linguistique Africaine I (Ann. Univ. Abidjan Ser. H.) (pp. 119-129).
  • Bennett, P., & Sterk, J. S. (1977) South Central Niger-Congo: a reclassification. Studies in African Linguistics, No. 8 241 - 273.
  • Connell, B. (1995). "Dying Languages and the Complexity of the Mambiloid Group". Paper presented at the 25th Colloquium on African Languages and Linguistics, Leiden.
  • Connell, B. (2007). Endangered Languages in Central Africa. In M. i. Brenzinger (Ed.) , Language Diversity Endangered (pp. 163-178). Berlin, Germany: Mouton de Gruyter. doi:10.1515/9783110197129.163
  • Greenberg, J. H. (1974) Bantu and its closest relatives. Studies in African Linguistics, Suppl. 5 115-124.
  • Hedinger, R. (1989) Northern Bantoid. In J. T. Bendor-Samuel (Ed.), The Niger-Congo Languages (pp. 421-429). Lanham MD: University Press of America.
  • Kouega, J. (2008). Minority language use in Cameroon and educated indigenes' attitude to their languages. International Journal Of The Sociology Of Language, 2008(189), 85-113. doi:10.1515/IJSL.2008.004
  • Kouega, J. (2007). The Language Situation in Cameroon. Current Issues In Language Planning, 8(1), 3. doi:10.2167/cilp110.0
  • Risnes, O. (1989) Report of the linguistics and sociolinguistic survey among the Kwanja (Konja). In S.I.L. Cameroon, Annual Report 1988-1989 (pp. 31-38). Yaoundé: Société Internationale de Linguistique, Yaoundé.
  • Whalen, D. H. & Simons, G. F.(2012). Endangered language families. Language 88(1), 155-173. Linguistic Society of America. Retrieved February 11, 2015, from Project MUSE database