Bungay shown within Suffolk
|Population||5,127 (2011 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||East of England|
|EU Parliament||East of England|
Bungay // is a market town in the English county of Suffolk. It lies in the Waveney valley, 5.5 miles (9 km) west of Beccles on the edge of The Broads, and at the neck of a meander of the River Waveney.
The origin of the name of Bungay is thought to derive from the Anglo-Saxon title 'Bunincga-haye', signifying the land belonging to the tribe of Bonna, a Saxon chieftain. Due to its high position, protected by the River Waveney and marshes, the site was in a good defensive position and attracted settlers from early times. Roman artifacts have been found in the region.
Bungay Castle was built by the Normans, but was later rebuilt by Roger Bigod[disambiguation needed] and his family, who also owned Framlingham Castle. Bungay's village sign shows the castle. The Church of St. Mary was once the church of the Benedictine Priory, founded by Gundreda, wife of Roger de Glanville. It was here that one of the most famous episodes in Bungay's history occurred:
On Sunday August 4, 1577 at St Mary's Church during a service, the ghostly hound Black Shuck, also known as 'The Black Dog of Bungay' is said to have killed two and left another injured. The dog was later believed to have visited the Cathedral of the Marshes at Blythburgh (Holy Trinity Church) during the same thunderstorm within an hour of the appearance at Bungay. In that appearance the hound, after charging down the aisle, fled through the North door of the church. Large black scorched gouges can still be seen on the door.
The legend of Black Shuck has inspired several of the town's sporting events. An annual marathon "The Black Dog Marathon" begins in Bungay, and follows the course of the River Waveney and the town's football club is nicknamed the "Black Dogs". Black Shuck was also the subject of a song by The Darkness.
The town was almost destroyed by a great fire in 1688. The central Buttercross was constructed in 1689 and was the place where local farmers displayed their butter and other farm produce for sale. Until 1810, there was also a Corn Cross, but this was taken down and replaced by a pump.
Bungay was important for the printing and paper manufacture industries. Joseph Hooper, a wealthy Harvard graduate who fled Massachusetts when his lands were seized after the American Revolution, rented a mill at Bungay in 1783 and converted it to paper manufacture. Charles Brightly established a printing and stereotype foundry in 1795, which in partnership with J. R. Childs, became Brightly & Childs in 1808 and later Messrs. Childs and Son. It was further expanded after 1876 as R. Clay and Sons, Ltd.
The railway arrived with the Harleston to Bungay section of the Waveney Valley Line opening in November 1860 and the Bungay to Beccles section in March 1863. Bungay had its own railway station near Clay's Printers. The station closed to passengers in 1953 and freight in 1964.
Second World War
The Suffolk coast with few cliffs could have been an invasion landing area for the Germans. The police controlled access to the coast.
Bungay has an unusually large number of hairdressers, antique shops, food outlets and pubs and a wide range of specialist shops. Local firms also include the printers, Clays, and St. Peter's Brewery, which is based at St. Peter's Hall.
In 2008 Sustainable Bungay became Suffolk's first Transition Town and part of a global network of communities that have started up projects in the areas of food, transport, energy, education, housing, waste, arts etc. as small-scale local responses to the global challenges of climate change, economic hardship and shrinking supplies of cheap energy.
Bungay was home to several literary figures. Thomas Miller (1731–1804), the bookseller and antiquarian, settled in the village. His publisher son, William Miller (1769–1844), was born there. The author Elizabeth Bonhote nee Mapes,(1744 - 1818) was born and grew up there, marrying Daniel Bonhote, and writing the notable book Bungay Castle (novel), a gothic romance. Bonhote even once owned Bungay Castle. The Strickland family, which according to the Canadian Dictionary of Biography was as prolific as the Brontës, Edgeworths and Trollopes, settled in the village 1802-1808. Its daughters included Agnes, a historian; Catharine Parr Traill, who concentrated on children's literature; and Susanna Moodie, who emigrated to Canada and wrote Roughing it in the Bush (1852) as a warning to others. The novelist Sir H. Rider Haggard (1856–1925) was born nearby in Bradenham and presented St. Mary's Church with a wooden panel, displayed behind the altar. Religious writer Margaret Barber (1869–1901), author of the posthumously published best-selling book of meditations, The Roadmender, settled in Bungay.
Bernie Ecclestone was brought up in Bungay.
- G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 22.
- OS Explorer Map OL40: The Broads: (1:25 000) : ISBN 0 319 24086 X.
- Page.W (1975) 'Houses of Benedictine nuns: Priory of Bungay', A History of the County of Suffolk: Volume 2, pp. 81-83 (available online). Retrieved 2011-04-30.
- Shipton, Clifford K (1970). Sibley’s Harvard Graduates; Biographical Sketches of Those Who Attended Harvard College. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. pp. 404–406.
- White, William (1844). History, Gazetteer, and Directory, of Suffolk. Sheffield, England: R. Leader. p. 425.
- Malster, Robert (2005). "Bungay 1926". Old Ordnance Survey Maps. Alan Godfrey Maps.
- Waveney Rural Community Partnership - Sports Information. Retrieved 2010-05-10.
- In defence of Kingsley Amis: The letters
- At home with Louis de Bernières
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Bungay.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bungay, Suffolk.|