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Kannada (Kundagannada dialect)
|Related ethnic groups|
Bunt (//, previously spelled Bant) is a community of erstwhile nobility, feudatory and gentry from the region of Tulu Nadu in the south west of India which comprises the districts of Udupi and Dakshina Kannada in the Indian state of Karnataka and Kasaragod taluk of Kerala. The Bunts claim Kshatriya descent from the Nagavanshi lineage and are classified as Forward caste[page needed][page needed] by both the national and state governments of India.
According to S. D. L. Alagodi, the Bunts "... originally belonged to the warrior class. Being the martial race of Tulu Nadu, they served the ruling chiefs which brought them considerable benefits and allowed them to become the landed gentry of the region,"
Some notable Bunt clans who were sovereign of these states are the Honneyakambalis of Hosangadi, Samantha Rajas of Mulki, Bhair Arasas of Karkala, Arasas of Kumbla, Ajilas of Venur, Tolaharas of Suralu near Udupi, Heggades of Vitla, Chowtas of Ullal/Moodabidri, and the Bangas of Bangadi. The feudal life and society of Bunts began to disintegrate in the succeeding colonial British Raj period and the Bunts today are a largely urbanized community.
Traditionally the Bunt community was divided into subdivisions. The principal among these are:
- Masadika Bunt: The single largest subdivision of the community. An overwhelming majority of Bunts belong to this subdivision. The Masadika Bunts speak the native language Tulu and follow the aliya santana system of matrilineal inheritance. They originally hail from, or at least inhabit, the region between Kasaragod town in Kerala and Brahmavar in Udupi district, Karnataka.
- Nad Bunt: The Nad Bunt, also known as the Nādava, are the second-largest subdivision among the Bunts and form a sizable minority in the community. The Nad Bunts speak the native language Kundagannada, a dialect of the Kannada language, and follow the aliya santana system of matrilineal inheritance. They originally hail from, or at least inhabit, Kundapura taluka in Udupi district, Karnataka (north of Brahmavar).
- Parivara Bunt: The Parivara Bunt are a minority in the Bunt community, numbering around a few thousand. Their native language is Tulu, and unlike other subdivisions they follow the makkala santana system of patrilineal inheritance. Scattered populations of the Parivara Bunt are mostly found in the taluka of Sullia in Dakshina Kannada district, Karnataka, and adjoining parts of Kodagu district, Karnataka and Kasaragod taluka of Kerala. Their customs and traditions are a mixture of Bunt and those of the Shivalli Brahmins.
Apart from the above mentioned principal subdivisions there are about 90 clans that comprise the population of the Bunts.[page needed][page needed] These clans claim descent either from the Alupas or Perumal kings.
Traditional Bunt houses can still be seen across the Tulu Nadu region. One of the more well-preserved houses, Kodial Guthu, stands at the centre of Mangalore city. Other examples can be seen at Badila Guthu in Kannur, Dakshina Kannada and Shirva Nadibettu near Udupi.
There are many organisations that cater to the needs of the community. The oldest among them is the Bunts Mathr Sangha based in Mangalore. Since the 20th century when Bunts began to emigrate out of their native Tulu Nadu region various organisations have been formed outside Tulu Nadu, such as in Mumbai, Kuwait, and the United Kingdom.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bunt community.|
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- Hegde, Krishna (1990). Feudatories of Coastal Karnataka. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. pp. 10 Coastal Karnataka was home to number of feudatory rulers. All of them being Bunts following matrilineal inheritance called Aliya Santana and favouring both the Hindu and Jain Faith.
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- Mangalorean.com- Serving Mangaloreans Around The World!
- Mangalore Bunts Sangh Felicitates Achievers from Various Fields
- Mlore Prof B M Hegde Exhorts Bunt Elders to Walk their Talk
- "Bunts Sangha Mumbai". Bunts Sangha Mumbai. Retrieved 2013-05-25.
- "www.Bunts.org.uk". Bunts.org.uk. Retrieved 2013-05-25.