Buq'ata

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Buq'ata
بقعاتا
Buqata entry road.jpg
Buq'ata is located in the Golan Heights
Buq'ata
Buq'ata
The Golan on the map of Syria; Buq'ata on the map of the Golan.
Coordinates: 33°12′N 35°47′E / 33.200°N 35.783°E / 33.200; 35.783Coordinates: 33°12′N 35°47′E / 33.200°N 35.783°E / 33.200; 35.783
Country Golan Heights, (Internationally recognized as Syrian territory occupied by Israel)
Israeli District North District
Israeli Subdistrict Golan
Syrian Governorate Quneitra Governorate
Syrian District Quneitra District

Buq'ata (Arabic: بقعاتا‎; Hebrew: בֻּקְעָאתָא) is a Druze town in the northern Golan Heights, currently administered by Israel. Most of the residents hold Syrian citizenship, have permanent residency status in Israel and are entitled to Israeli citizenship. Buq'ata covers an area of 7,000 dunams (7 km²) between Mount Hermonit and Mount Varda. It is located 1,070 metres above sea level. In 2007, the population was 5,700.[1]

Buq'ata is one of the four remaining Druze-Syrian communities on the Israeli-occupied side of the Golan Heights and of Mount Hermon, together with Majdal Shams, Ein Qiniyye and Mas'ade. Geographically a distinction is made between the Golan Heights and Mount Hermon, the boundary being marked by the Sa'ar Stream; however, administratively usually they are being lumped together.

History[edit]

Buq'ata was founded in the 1880s by families from the neighboring town of Majdal Shams. It was destroyed in 1888 during a series of feuds between rival villages in the area, and again in 1925, during the Great Syrian Revolt against the French mandatory rule. It became part of independent Syria in 1946.

In the course of the Six-Day War in 1967, the town was captured by Israel.

Buq'ata achieved Israeli local council status in 1982.[citation needed]

Since the uprising in Syria, some of the violence has spilled over into Buq'ata, where residents loyal to the government of President Bashar al-Assad in Damascus have clashed with anti-Assad activists.[2]

Demography[edit]

According to data compiled by Israel's Central Bureau of Statistics in 2001, Buq'ata ranked 2 out of 10 on the national socioeconomic index.[citation needed] In 2000, 72.5% of Grade 12 students graduated with a Bagrut matriculation certificate.

The inhabitants of Buq'ata have permanent residency in Israel and receive social welfare benefits from Israel.

Economy[edit]

The local economy is predominantly agricultural, with apples and grapes being the main crops. In 2013, Buq'ata harvested 55,000 tons of apples, which it sold to markets in Israel or exported to Syria. This arrangement still worked in 2013, but is under threat due to the civil war in Syria.[3]

References[edit]