Buque de Acción Marítima
BAM Rayo (P-42)
|Cost:||€488.4m for four (~US$160m each)|
|Type:||Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV)|
|Displacement:||2,500 t (full load)|
|Length:||93.9 m (308 ft)|
|Beam:||14.2 m (47 ft)|
|Draft:||4.2 m (14 ft)|
|Propulsion:||2 diesel engines
4 groups diesel generators
2 electric motors propellers
1 Emergency generator
Located 2 cross bow thruster
|Speed:||20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)+|
|Range:||3,500 mi (3,000 nmi; 5,600 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)|
|Complement:||35 crew and 35 forces|
|Armament:||1 cannon 76/62 mm gun
2 25 mm Automatic Mountings
2 × 12.7 mm machine guns
|Aircraft carried:||1 × NH-90|
The BAM (Buque de Acción Marítima) ships are new modular Offshore Patrol Vessels of the Spanish Navy adapted to different purposes from a common base, manufactured by Navantia. The BAMs combine high performance with mission versatility, a high commonality with other ships operated by the Spanish navy. Acquisition and lifecycle costs are reduced.
The BAMs are a common platform for a variety of missions, used to develop whole families of types of ships that meet the diverse needs of the Navy.
Its main missions are:
- Protection and escort of other ships in low intensity/asymmetric warfare situations
- Control of maritime traffic
- Control and neutralization of terrorism and piracy
- Operations against drug trafficking and human trafficking
- Search and rescue
- Support for crisis situations and humanitarian aid
- Control of fishing laws
- Control of environmental legislation and anti-pollution.
Modular design enables the ships to be modified for purposes outside main missions such as hydrographic research, intelligence gathering, diving support and salvage operations.
Construction began on 4 October 2007 with the cutting of the first sheet and was placed on the stands the first on March 13, 2009, in the shipyard San Fernando. The budget was €352m for four units but the final cost was €488.4m.
In June 2009, the Secretary of State for Defence and Congress confirmed the construction of a second batch to replace older patrol boats of the Anaga (3), Toralla (2), Descubierta (4) and the now-retired Barceló (6) & Conejera (4) classes. In September 2010, the Ministry of Defence said a contract would be signed with Navantia for four additional vessels to be delivered by 2015, but the contract has yet to be signed. Navantia has indicated that the Batch 2 vessels will be more modular, with the potential to switch between oceanography, intelligence gathering and search-and-rescue. One will be a diving support vessel, and one will be a research vessel for hydrography and logistical support in the Antarctic. In may 2014, two further vessels were autorized by the Goverment
The first four ships were assigned these names and numbers:
This article contains content from the Spanish Wikipedia.
- Ministerio de Defensa (September 2011). "Evaluación de los Programas Especiales de Armamento (PEAs)" (in Spanish). Madrid: Grupo Atenea. Retrieved 30 September 2012.
- Infodefensa.com (May 2014). "El Gobierno encargará dos nuevos BAM a Navantia por 400 millones" (in Spanish). Madrid. Retrieved 7 May 2014.
- "Navantia will build two new BAM type OPV’s for the Spanish Navy". May 14, 2014.