Burdigalian

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System/
Period
Series/
Epoch
Stage/
Age
Age (Ma))
Quaternary Pleistocene Gelasian younger
Neogene Pliocene Piacenzian 3.600-2.58
Zanclean 5.333-3.600
Miocene Messinian 7.246-5.333
Tortonian 11.62-7.246
Serravallian 13.82-11.62
Langhian 15.97-13.82
Burdigalian 20.44-15.97
Aquitanian 23.03-20.44
Paleogene Oligocene Chattian older
Subdivision of the Neogene Period
according to the IUGS, [v2014/02].

The Burdigalian is, in the geologic timescale, an age or stage in the early Miocene. It spans the time between 20.43 ± 0.05 Ma and 15.97 ± 0.05 Ma (million years ago). Preceded by the Aquitanian, the Burdigalian was the first and longest warming period of the Miocene[1] and is succeeded by the Langhian.

Stratigraphic definition[edit]

The name Burdigalian comes from Burdigala, the Latin name for the city of Bordeaux, France. The Burdigalian stage was introduced in scientific literature by Charles Depéret in 1892.

The base of the Burdigalian is at the first appearance of foram species Globigerinoides altiaperturus and the top of magnetic chronozone C6An. An official GSSP for the Burdigalian had not yet been assigned in 2009.

The top of the Burdigalian (the base of the Langhian) is defined by the first appearance of foram species Praeorbulina glomerosa and is also coeval with the top of magnetic chronozone C5Cn.1n.

Paleontology[edit]

Famous Burdigalian palaeontologic localities include the Turritellenplatte of Ermingen in Germany and the Dominican amber deposits of Hispaniola.

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Edward Petuch, Ph.D. Florida Atlantic University, Department of Geosciences.[1]

Literature[edit]

  • Depéret, C.; 1892: Note sur la classification et le parallélisme du Système miocène, Bulletin de la Societé Géologique de France 3(20), p. CXLV-CLVI. (French)
  • Gradstein, F.M.; Ogg, J.G. & Smith, A.G.; 2004: A Geologic Time Scale 2004, Cambridge University Press.

External links[edit]

Neogene Period
Miocene Pliocene
Aquitanian |Burdigalian
Langhian | Serravallian
Tortonian | Messinian
Zanclean | Piacenzian