Bure Valley Railway
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|Bure Valley Railway|
|Locomotive Spitfire at Aylsham, Norfolk railway station|
|Name||Bure Valley Railway|
|Original gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
|Operated by||Bure Valley Railway|
|Length||9 mi (14.5 km)|
|Preserved gauge||15 in (381 mm)|
|10 July 1990||opened|
|Bure Valley Railway|
The Bure Valley Railway is a 15 in (381 mm) minimum gauge heritage railway in Norfolk, within The Broads National Park. The railway runs from Wroxham to Aylsham (9 miles or 14.5 kilometres) and is Norfolk's longest railway of less than standard gauge. It uses both steam and diesel locomotives. There are intermediate halts at Brampton, Buxton and Coltishall. There are 17 bridges, including a 105 ft (32 m) long girder bridge over the River Bure in Buxton with Lammas as well as Aylsham Bypass Tunnel under the A140 at Aylsham.
The railway is built on the trackbed of the East Norfolk Railway (ENR). The ENR started in 1877 when the East Norfolk Railway opened from Norwich to Cromer, with an extension from Wroxham to Aylsham in 1880. The ENR was taken over by the Great Eastern Railway in 1882, which was amalgamated into the London & North Eastern Railway in 1923. The railway was nationalised in 1948.
Freight trains continued to run over the line after this for two principal sources of traffic. The line west of Aylsham via Cawston and Reepham originally went further to a junction at County School Station; by this time it instead turned south via a new curve at Themelthorpe to join a fragment of the old Midland and Great Northern system to reach Lenwade and Norwich City.
Coal traffic continued to be carried from Norwich Thorpe via Aylsham to Norwich City - a fantastic trip around Norfolk just to cross Norwich! There was also regular traffic from Lenwade in the form of concrete building components.
This traffic ended in 1981 and the line through Aylsham formally closed on 6 January 1982. A weed-killing train ran in 1983 and track-lifting trains ran the following year.
The Bure Valley Railway opened on 10 July 1990, and a long distance footpath (rail trail) opened alongside it in 1991. It is currently home to Aylsham Bypass Tunnel, Norfolk's only operational railway tunnel, which carries the railway under the Aylsham Bypass replacing the original standard gauge level crossing. Cromer Tunnel in Cromer, the only other surviving railway tunnel in the county, is disused.
|№||Name||Year built||Livery||Locomotive type||Wheel
|1||Wroxham Broad||1964 (converted to a 2-6-4T in 1992)||Light Blue||Steam||2-6-4T||Yes (On loan to the Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway)|
|6||Blickling Hall||1994||Lined Midland Crimson Lake||Steam||2-6-2||No (undergoing ten yearly overhaul)|
|7||Spitfire||1994||Lined Brunswick Green||Steam||2-6-2||Yes|
|8||Thunder||1996 (converted to coal fired in 2008)||Lined Black||Steam||2-6-2T||Yes (standby steam loco)|
|9||Mark Timothy||1993 (rebuilt and converted to coal fired in 2003)||Madderlake||Steam||2-6-4T||Yes|
|3||2nd Air Division USAAF||1988||Golden Ochre||Diesel||Bo-Bo||Yes|
When the railway first opened, several locomotives were hired from the Romney, Hythe and Dymchurch Railway, including: Black Prince, Samson and Winston Churchill.
The track is laid to a gauge of 15 in (381 mm). The railway is operated by a fleet of five steam and three diesel locomotives. Passenger rolling stock consists of 26 fully enclosed bogie carriages and two four-wheel brake vans. Trains almost always include carriages capable of accommodating wheelchairs. Approximately half the carriages are equipped with electric heating, for winter services.
On Monday 30 May 2011 a train on the line suffered a derailment at Brampton, during which wheels from one of the coaches were reported to have come up through the floor of the vehicle. The Rail Accident Investigation Branch were called in to conduct a preliminary examination into the incident, and found it to have been caused by the failure due to metal fatigue of an axle journal that had been welded several years previously (when the railway was under different management). Following this accident all wheels of this design were identified by the railway and scrapped, being replaced by new wheelsets.
The Friends of the Bure Valley Railway
The Friends of the Bure Valley Railway (FoBVR) is the volunteer supporting group for the Bure Valley Railway. It owns locomotive number 4 and supports the railway financially and with regular working parties of volunteers. There is a hut at Aylsham which sells donated bric a brac,second hand books and magazines during the season to raise money to support the railway. There is a small model railway layout in the hut. In 2013 a second hand bookshop will open at Wroxham, also run by the Friends of the Bure Valley Railway.
- Bressingham Steam and Gardens
- North Norfolk Railway
- Mid-Norfolk Railway
- Wells and Walsingham Light Railway
- Whitwell & Reepham railway station
- Yaxham Light Railway
- Barton House Railway
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