Buren

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For the personal name, see Buren (name).
Buren
Municipality
Skyline of Buren
Skyline of Buren
Flag of Buren
Flag
Coat of arms of Buren
Coat of arms
Highlighted position of Buren in a municipal map of Gelderland
Location in Gelderland
Coordinates: 51°58′N 5°26′E / 51.967°N 5.433°E / 51.967; 5.433Coordinates: 51°58′N 5°26′E / 51.967°N 5.433°E / 51.967; 5.433
Country Netherlands
Province Gelderland
Government[1]
 • Body Municipal council
 • Mayor Jan de Boer (D66)
Area[2]
 • Total 142.92 km2 (55.18 sq mi)
 • Land 134.26 km2 (51.84 sq mi)
 • Water 8.66 km2 (3.34 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 5 m (16 ft)
Population (May 2014)[4]
 • Total 26,136
 • Density 195/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postcode Parts of 4000 and 4100 ranges
Area code 0344, 0345
Website www.buren.nl
Dutch Topographic map of Buren, July 2013

Buren (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a city in the Betuwe region in the Netherlands. It is also a historical county, with the Dutch Monarch still holding the title "Count of Buren".

Geography[edit]

The river Korne flows through Buren.

Population centres[edit]

Population centers include:

The city of Buren[edit]

The earliest known reference to the settlement dates from 772.[5] The castle built by the Lords of Buren is first mentioned in 1298. The town was granted city rights in 1395 by Sir Alard IV of Buren, which led to the construction of a defensive wall and a moat. Significant parts of these still exist. In 1492 the region was promoted to a county (i.e. ruled by a count), but due to its isolated position it never became very important economically. By 1574 the previously Catholic parish church of Saint Lambert (Dutch: Sint Lambertus) had already become Calvinist Reformed Protestant.[citation needed]

The castle eventually came into the possession of the House of Orange, the later royal family of the Netherlands. One of King Willem-Alexander's titles is the Count of Buren. The Dutch Royals have been known to use the name van Buren in situations requiring anonymity. The castle was gradually demolished between 1804 and 1883.

Culture[edit]

Museums[edit]

Buren has two museums.

Demographics[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Samenstelling college" [Members of the board] (in Dutch). Gemeente Buren. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  2. ^ "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  3. ^ "Postcodetool for 4021VZ". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 26 June 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  5. ^ Stenvert, R. et al. (2000). Monumenten in Nederland: Gelderland, p. 124–127. Zwolle: Waanders Uitgevers. ISBN 90-400-9406-3
  6. ^ [1]

External links[edit]