Burg, Aargau

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Burg
Burg -
Country Switzerland Coat of Arms of Burg
Canton Aargau
District Kulm
47°14′N 8°11′E / 47.233°N 8.183°E / 47.233; 8.183Coordinates: 47°14′N 8°11′E / 47.233°N 8.183°E / 47.233; 8.183
Population 999 (Dec 2012)[1]
- Density 1,063 /km2 (2,753 /sq mi)
Area 0.94 km2 (0.36 sq mi)[2]
Elevation 622 m (2,041 ft)
Postal code 5736
SFOS number 4133
Surrounded by Menziken, Rickenbach (LU)
Website www.burg-ag.ch
SFSO statistics
Burg is located in Switzerland
Burg
Burg

Burg is a municipality in the district of Kulm in the canton of Aargau in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Unter-Rinach Castle, which the village name references, was probably built in the 12th Century. It was the family seat of the lords of Rinach, who were vassals of the Habsburgs. The castle was destroyed in the Battle of Sempach by the Swiss and never rebuilt.

The first reference to Burg was in 1412 when two farms that were "by the castle (German: Burg)" were mentioned. As early as 1400, the Zwing und Bann or manor rights were divided evenly between the Teutonic Order and the family of the Schultheiss of Lenzburg. From 1415 until 1798 the village was under the authority of the city of Bern. It was part of the Oberamt or district of Lenzburg, and the court of Reinach.[3]

Geography[edit]

Burg, Aargau

Burg has an area, as of 2009, of 0.94 square kilometers (0.36 sq mi). Of this area, 0.4 square kilometers (0.15 sq mi) or 42.6% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.21 square kilometers (0.081 sq mi) or 22.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.31 square kilometers (0.12 sq mi) or 33.0% is settled (buildings or roads).[4]

The built up area can be sub-divided into industrial buildings that made up 2.1% of the total area while housing and buildings made up 26.6% and transportation infrastructure made up 4.3%. 19.1% of the total land area is heavily forested and 3.2% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 19.1% is used for growing crops and 22.3% is pastures, while 1.1% is used for orchards or vine crops.[4]

The municipality is located in the Kulm district, in the upper Wynental on the eastern slopes of the Stierenberg. It is nearly completely surrounded by the municipality of Menziken.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Argent on a Base Vert a Castle Sable towered in dexter and a Pine tree Vert. The castle (German: Burg) on the flag of Burg makes an example of canting.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Burg has a population (as of December 2012) of 999[1] As of June 2009, 30.9% of the population are foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (1997–2007) the population has changed at a rate of -8.3%. Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (81.8%), with Italian being second most common ( 4.8%) and Turkish being third ( 4.2%).[7]

The age distribution, as of 2008, in Burg is; 85 children or 8.5% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 129 teenagers or 12.9% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 169 people or 17.0% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 116 people or 11.6% are between 30 and 39, 177 people or 17.8% are between 40 and 49, and 147 people or 14.7% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 86 people or 8.6% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 59 people or 5.9% are between 70 and 79, there are 24 people or 2.4% who are between 80 and 89,and there are 5 people or 0.5% who are 90 and older.[8]

As of 2000 the average number of residents per living room was 0.57 which is about equal to the cantonal average of 0.57 per room. In this case, a room is defined as space of a housing unit of at least 4 m2 (43 sq ft) as normal bedrooms, dining rooms, living rooms, kitchens and habitable cellars and attics.[9] About 53.3% of the total households were owner occupied, or in other words did not pay rent (though they may have a mortgage or a rent-to-own agreement).[10]

As of 2000, there were 37 homes with 1 or 2 persons in the household, 212 homes with 3 or 4 persons in the household, and 141 homes with 5 or more persons in the household. The average number of people per household was 2.45 individuals.[11] As of 2000, there were 401 private households (homes and apartments) in the municipality, and an average of 2.4 persons per household.[7] In 2008 there were 206 single family homes (or 43.6% of the total) out of a total of 473 homes and apartments.[12] There were a total of 14 empty apartments for a 3.0% vacancy rate.[12] As of 2007, the construction rate of new housing units was 0 new units per 1000 residents.[7]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SVP which received 38.8% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (20.6%), the FDP (14.3%) and the Green Party (8.1%).[7]

School house of Burg

The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Burg about 57.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[7] Of the school age population (in the 2008/2009 school year), there are 67 students attending primary school in the municipality.[11]

The historical population is given in the following table:[3]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1764 154 —    
1850 463 +200.6%
1900 563 +21.6%
1950 883 +56.8%
1990 1,142 +29.3%
2000 991 −13.2%

Economy[edit]

As of 2007, Burg had an unemployment rate of 2.53%. As of 2005, there were 10 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 2 businesses involved in this sector. 135 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 8 businesses in this sector. 37 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 11 businesses in this sector.[7]

In 2000 there were 486 workers who lived in the municipality. Of these, 413 or about 85.0% of the residents worked outside Burg while 137 people commuted into the municipality for work. There were a total of 210 jobs (of at least 6 hours per week) in the municipality.[13] Of the working population, 8.2% used public transportation to get to work, and 56.8% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 276 or 27.9% were Roman Catholic, while 425 or 42.9% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Canton of Aargau Statistical Office, MS Excel document – Bevölkerungsbestand 2012 nach Gemeinde, Geschlecht u. Nationalität (per 31. Dezember 2012)] (German) accessed 23 July 2013
  2. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  3. ^ a b Burg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 26-April-2010
  6. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bereich 01 -Bevölkerung (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 26-April-2010
  8. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau -Bevölkerungsdaten für den Kanton Aargau und die Gemeinden (Archiv) (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  9. ^ Eurostat. "Housing (SA1)" (pdf). Urban Audit Glossary. 2007. p. 18. Retrieved 12 February 2010. 
  10. ^ Urban Audit Glossary pg 17
  11. ^ a b c Statistical Department of Canton Aargau - Aargauer Zahlen 2009 (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  12. ^ a b Statistical Department of Canton Aargau (German) accessed 20 January 2010
  13. ^ Statistical Department of Canton Aargau-Bereich 11 Verkehr und Nachrichtenwesen (German) accessed 21 January 2010

External links[edit]