|— City —|
|Nickname(s): Gate Way Of Deccan/Dkkhan Ka Darwaja|
|• Mayor||Mrs. Madhuri Patel|
|• Total||181.06 km2 (69.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||247 m (810 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 ( 3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||(+91) 7325|
Burhanpur is a mid-size city in Madhya Pradesh state, India. It is the administrative seat of Burhanpur District. It is situated on the north bank of the Tapti River, 340 kilometres (211 mi) southwest of Bhopal and 540 kilometres (336 mi) northeast of Mumbai. The city has a Municipal Corporation, and also is one of the district headquarters of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
Burhanpur was an important city under Rashtrakuta Dynasty during 753–982. During excavations in Tapti River & Asirgarh Fort many coins, goddess idols and temples discovered which belongs to prehistoric era. But, Burhanpur got its name and fame during medieval time.
In 1388, Malik Nasir Khan, the Faruqi dynasty Sultan of Khandesh discovered Burhanpur, at the behest of Shaikh Zainuddin and renamed it after a well known medieval sufi saint, Burhan-ud-Din. Burhanpur became the capital of the Khandesh sultanate. Later, Miran Adil Khan II (reigned 1457–1501), another sultan of this dynasty built a citadel and a number of palaces in Burhanpur. During his long reign, Burhanpur was transformed to a major centre for trade and textile production. In 1601, Mughal emperor Akbar annexed the Khandesh sultanate and Burhanpur became tha capital of Khandesh Subah of the Mughal empire.In 1609 Jahangir appointed his second son Parvez to the governorship of the Mughal provinces of the Deccan, and the prince chose Burhanpur as his headquarters.
It is a beautiful city with a lot of historical monuments existing in its expanse, primarily from the ruling times of Shah Jahan, the great Mughal emperor. Burhanpur was an important outpost of the Mughals. Shah Jahan spent a considerable time in this city, and helped add to the Shahi Qila. The Shahi Qila is one majestic palace in Burhanpur, located to the east of the Tapti River. Diwan-i-Aam and Diwan-i-Khas were built on the terrace of the Qila. Litle of it remains today as the Qila is mostly in ruins now. However, the parts of the Palace that still stands displays amazing works of sculpture and exquisite carvings. The main attraction at the palace is the hamam or the royal bath. It was specifically built for Shah Jahan's wife, Begum Mumtaz Mahal, so that she could enjoy a luxurious bath. It is said that she died here giving birth to her fourteenth child. Even today, the ceiling has many intricate paintings. One of these paintings depicts a monument which is said to have been the inspiration for the Taj Mahal.
Under the Marathas 
Mughal wealth plundered by Marathas under Sambhaji, Sambhaji, after becoming King of Marathas he gave first blow to Mughal Empire. In this campaign he was Joint by his genral Hambirrao Mohite.
Later Santaji Ghorpade attacked Burhanpur and Khandesh subha to force Aurangzeb to deploy more forces in Khandesh. This act by Santaji relived some pressure of Mughal armies from Karnataka and Maratha swarajya.
After down fall of Marathe Empire city went to Holkar, Scindia, and then British.
After India's independence 
Since independence, Burhanpur has been represented in the state and national assemblies by different political parties. In the last twenty years. This city is known for cloth and also for bananas. Agriculture had been the second best source of earnings as farmers here majorly produce cotton and banana. Both of these agri products give high revenue to the farmers.
Burhanpur is situated in the southwestern border of Madhya Pradesh near the banks of Tapti River.
As of 2001[update] India census, Burhanpur had a population of 194227. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Burhanpur has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 69% and female literacy of 57%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age. Projected population for next census (2011) is 300000. City has 35% Hindus, 60% Muslim, 5% Others include Jains,christians,sikhs.
Religious places 
The City Burhanpur is famous for its Muslim monuments,Gurudwara of Sikh Religion, Dargah-e-Hakimi of Dawoodi Bohra sect. Dargah-e-Hakimi is built in the memory of Saiyyadi Abdul Qadir Hakimuddin. Thousands of pilgrims of Bohra sect visit the place from all over the world.
Burhanpur is best known for textile industries. It is the largest hub for Power Loom industry in the state. Also, having one NTC (National Textile Corporation) project 'Tapti Mills' and 30-35 textile companies like "Kamal Textiles" "Paras Process" "Annapurna Calandering Works" "Shivam Textiles" & "Ambey Process" and many more, are best known for interlining cloth, Grey Markin, Bleached Dhoti,Cambric,Power loom Cloth bakram and other types of fabric . 'Texmpo Pipes' is the NSE noted industry, Balaji industry both manufactures pipes and agriculture equipment.Several cotton and oil mills are also there.
The main institutes are mentioned below.
- St. Theresa's High School.
- Seva Sadan Mahavidyalaya.
- Pdt. Shivnath Shastri Govt Ayurved Mahavidyalaya.
- Saifiya Hamidiya Unani Tibia Mahavidyalaya.
- Guru Gobind Singh Dental College.
- Brijmohan Mishra Institute of Medical & Technical Science [BIMTS].
- Maulana Azad Institute Of Professional Studies.
- Dr. Zakir Hussain Degree College.
- S.G.J.Quaderia College.
- Jija Mata Govt Women's Polytechnic College.
- Sri Sai Baba Mahavidhalaya.
- Thakur Shivkumar Singh Memorial Engineering College.
- Millenium B.Ed. College
- VAIDIK VIDHYA PEETH H. S. SCHOOL
- SHRI GANESH H. S. SCHOOL
- Macro Vision Academy
- Nehru Montessori Senior Secondary School
- Shyam, Radhey (1981), The Kingdom of Khandesh, Delhi:Idarah-i-Adabiyat-i-Delli, p.21
- Jaswant Lal Mehta (1 January 2005). Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–. ISBN 978-1-932705-54-6. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
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