बुरहानपुर برہان پور
Shahi qila on the bank of Tapti river
|Nickname(s): Gate Way Of Deccan/Dkkhan Ka Darwaja|
|• Mayor||Mrs. Madhuri Patel|
|• Total||181.06 km2 (69.91 sq mi)|
|Elevation||247 m (810 ft)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Telephone code||(+91) 7325|
Burhanpur is a mid-size city in Madhya Pradesh state, India. It is the administrative seat of Burhanpur District. It is situated on the north bank of the Tapti River, 340 kilometres (211 mi) southwest of Bhopal and 540 kilometres (336 mi) northeast of Mumbai. The city has a Municipal Corporation, and also is one of the district headquarters of the state of Madhya Pradesh.
A Y-class city, Burhanpur was an important city under Rashtrakuta Dynasty during 753–982. During excavations in Tapti River & Asirgarh Fort many coins, goddess idols and temples discovered which belongs to prehistoric era. But, Burhanpur got its name and fame during medieval time.
In 1388, Malik Nasir Khan, the Faruqi dynasty Sultan of Khandesh discovered Burhanpur, at the behest of Shaikh Zainuddin and renamed it after a well known medieval sufi saint, Burhan-ud-Din. Burhanpur became the capital of the Khandesh sultanate. Later, Miran Adil Khan II (reigned 1457–1501), another sultan of this dynasty built a citadel and a number of palaces in Burhanpur. During his long reign, Burhanpur was transformed to a major centre for trade and textile production. In 1601, Mughal emperor Akbar annexed the Khandesh sultanate and Burhanpur became the capital of Khandesh Subah of the Mughal empire. In 1609 Jahangir appointed his second son Parviz to the governorship of the Mughal provinces of the Deccan, and the prince chose Burhanpur as his headquarters.
It is a beautiful city with a lot of historical monuments existing in its expanse, primarily from the ruling times of Shah Jahan, the great Mughal emperor. Burhanpur was an important outpost of the Mughals. Shah Jahan spent a considerable time in this city, and helped add to the Shahi Qila. The Shahi Qila is one majestic palace in Burhanpur, located to the east of the Tapti River. Diwan-i-Aam and Diwan-i-Khas were built on the terrace of the Qila. Little of it remains today as the Qila is mostly in ruins now. However, the parts of the Palace that still stands displays amazing works of sculpture and exquisite carvings. The main attraction at the palace is the hamam or the royal bath. It was specifically built for Shah Jahan's wife, Begum Mumtaz Mahal, so that she could enjoy a luxurious bath. It is said that she died here giving birth to her fourteenth child. Even today, the ceiling has many intricate paintings. One of these paintings depicts a monument which is said to have been the inspiration for the Taj Mahal.
Under the Marathas
In 1681, Burhanpur was raided by Sambhaji, who allowed his troops to loot, rape and torture the Muslim population for three days. An immense Mughal wealth was plundered by the Marathas, since Burhanpur was a Mughal banking community. In this campaign he was joined by his general Hambirrao Mohite. Later Sambhaji would be executed by Aurangzeb for crimes committed at Burhanpur.
Santaji Ghorpade attacked Burhanpur and Khandesh subha to force Aurangzeb to deploy more forces in Khandesh. This act by Santaji relived some pressure of Mughal armies from Karnataka and Maratha swarajya.
After down fall of Marathe Empire city went to Holkar, Scindia, and then British.
After India's independence
Since independence, Burhanpur has been represented in the state and national assemblies by different political parties. In the last twenty years, it has been represented by independent candidates, Indian National Congress, Bhartiya Janata Party, and Nationalist Congress Party. Burhapur has been a stronghold of Congress, but in recent elections, Congress could not even find one candidate to fight elections for them. The story of how Congress lost this erstwhile stronghold position goes back to two decades. Thakur family's role in this transition is worth mentioning. Burhanpur owes everything it is to the Thakur family. Thakur Naval Singhji developed this place from a peaceful village, he created real estate by demolishing a wall on municipal land. The real estate is still within the Thakur family. Thakur Shiv Kumar Singhji has sacrificed his life for the people of Burhanpur. He established the Sugar factory, which his family people lovingly named after his father, Thakur Naval Singhji. Thakur Mahendra Kumar Singhji also sacrificed his life for this place. He represented Burhanpur in the parliament also. Manjushree Thakurji (now, Manjushree Bansal, after marrying the rakhi brother) created history by winning with the largest margin of sympathy votes and then losing the next elections with the highest margin of anti votes in the history of Burhanpur. Thakur Surendra Singhji has helped the people of Burhanpur by building the Oxford School, before he helped the people of Burhanpur by boring holes with boring machine. Thakur Virendra Singhji has given employment to so many poor people and earned profits from other poor people by his scooter and tractor dealerships. Both Virederji and Surenderji have given employment to many criminals, big or small without any discrimination, such is their love for fairness. Mata Kishori deviji has helped the villagers by working in the sugar factory. And the latest contribution of the Thakur family is establishing the engineering college, which Thakur family people have lovingly named after their forgotten leader Shiv Thakurji. The people of Burhanpur will never forget the great sacrifices and contributions of the Thakur family to the law and order situation in Burhanpur. Many poor people depend on the Thakur family for their livelihood. Thakur family is like god for them. Even new generation of thakur family is entering politics, though winning election is now they can only dream off. This city is known for cloth and also for bananas. Agriculture had been the second best source of earnings as farmers here majorly produce cotton and banana. Both of these agri products give high revenue to the farmers.
Burhanpur is situated in the southwestern border of Madhya Pradesh near the banks of Tapti River.
As of 2011[update] India census, Burhanpur has a population of 210891. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Burhanpur has an average literacy rate of 64%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 69% and female literacy of 57%. 15% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Out of total Hindu population(60%), 75% are Marathi people includes Marathas, Patil, Kunbi, Brahmin, Vani, Harijan, Mali, etc.
The City Burhanpur is famous for its Muslim monuments,Gurudwara of Sikh Religion, Dargah-e-Hakimi of Dawoodi Bohra sect. Dargah-e-Hakimi is built in the memory of Saiyyadi Abdul Qadir Hakimuddin. Thousands of pilgrims of Bohra sect visit the place from all over the world.
Burhanpur is best known for textile industries. It is the largest hub for Power Loom industry in the state. Also, having one NTC (National Textile Corporation) project 'Tapti Mills' and one private owned spinning mill i.e. Kamal Cotspin Pvt. Ltd. by well renowned Kamal Lath Bhai Group with latest state-of-the-art technology. 30-35 textile companies like "Annapurna Calandering Works" and "Ambey Process" and many more, are best known for interlining cloth, Grey Markin, Bleached Dhoti,Cambric,Power loom Cloth bakram and other types of fabric . 'Texmpo Pipes' is the NSE noted industry, Balaji industry both manufactures pipes and agriculture equipment.Several cotton and oil mills are also there.
The main institutes are mentioned below.
- Burhanpur Public School
- Saraswati Shishu Mandir school
- Brijmohan Mishra Institute of Medical & Technical Science [BIMTS]
- St. Theresa's High School.
- Seva Sadan Mahavidyalaya.
- Pdt. Shivnath Shastri Govt Ayurved Mahavidyalaya.
- Saifiya Hamidiya Unani Tibia Mahavidyalaya.
- Guru Gobind Singh Dental College..
- Maulana Azad Institute Of Professional Studies.
- Dr. Zakir Hussain Degree College.
- S.G.J.Quaderia College.
- Jija Mata Govt Women's Polytechnic College.
- Sri Sai Baba Mahavidhalaya.
- Thakur Shivkumar Singh Memorial Engineering College.
- Millenium B.Ed. College
- VAIDIK VIDHYA PEETH H. S. SCHOOL
- SHRI GANESH H. S. SCHOOL
- Macro Vision Academy
- Nehru Montessori Senior Secondary School
- Patel Ratilal Boriwariwala high secondary school.gujarti market principal Mrs Soniya Sharma.
- New Vision H. s. School, Burhanpur
- Shyam, Radhey (1981), The Kingdom of Khandesh, Delhi:Idarah-i-Adabiyat-i-Delli, p.21
- John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire, (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 218.
- John F. Richards, The Mughal Empire, (Cambridge University Press, 1995), 223.
- Jaswant Lal Mehta (1 January 2005). Advanced Study in the History of Modern India 1707-1813. Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd. pp. 212–. ISBN 978-1-932705-54-6. Retrieved 2 June 2012.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Burhanpur.|