Burid dynasty

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Burid dynasty
1104–1154
the Near east in 1135
Capital Damascus
Languages Arabic
Turkish
Persian
Religion Sunni Islam
Government Emirate
Emir
 -  1104-1128 Toghtekin (first)
 -  1140–1154 Mujir ad-Din Abaq (last)
History
 -  Established 1104
 -  Disestablished 1154
Currency Dinar

The Burid dynasty was a Turkish dynasty[1] which ruled over Damascus in the early 12th century. The first Burid ruler, Toghtekin,[2] began as a servant to the Seljuk ruler of Damascus, Duqaq. Following Duqaq's death in 1104, he seized the city for himself. The Burids gained recognition from the caliphate in return for considerable gifts. In return, the caliphate did not interfere in the emirate.[3] They ruled the city until 1154, when it was taken by the Zengid ruler of Aleppo, Nur ed-Din.[4]

The Burids lost to the Crusaders in the battle of Marj al-Saffar (1126) but were able to prevent the Crusaders from capturing Damascus.

Burid Emirs of Damascus[edit]

Titular Name(s) Personal Name Reign
Amir
أمیر
Saif-ul-Islam
سیف الاسلام
Zahir-ud-din Toghtekin
ظاھر الدین طغتکین
1104–1128
Amir
أمیر
Taj-ul-Mulk Buri
تاج الملک بوری
1128–1132
Amir
أمیر
Shams-ul-Mulk Isma'il
شمس الملک اسماعیل
1132–1135
Amir
أمیر
Shihab-ud-din Mahmud
شھاب الدین محمود
1135–1139
Amir
أمیر
Jamal-ud-din Muhammad
جمال الدین محمد
1139–1140
Amir
أمیر
Mu'in-ud-din Unur
معین الدین أنر
1140–1149
Regent
Amir
أمیر
Mujir-ud-din
مجیر الدین
Abu Saʿid Ābaq
ابو سعید ابق
1140–1154
Zengid dynasty replaces the Burid dynasty.


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burids, R. LeTourneau, The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. I, Ed. H.A.R.Gibb, J.H.Kramers, E. Levi Provencal and J. Schacht, (Brill, 1986), 1332.
  2. ^ D.S. Richards, The Chronicle of Ibn Al-Athir for the Crusading Period from Al-Kamil Fi'l-ta-Ta'rikh, (Ashgate Publishing Ltd, 2010), 16.
  3. ^ Burids, R. LeTourneau, The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. I, 1332.
  4. ^ Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, Ed. Josef W. Meri, Jere L. Bacharach, (Taylor & Francis, 2006), 568.