View of Burin, 2011
In the 12th and 13th centuries, Burin was inhabited by Muslims. Burin appeared in the 1596 Ottoman tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 120 households and 5 bachelors, all Muslim. The villagers paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, olives, and goats or beehives, and a press for olives or grapes.
Burin is indicated as a small village on a map drawn up by Jacotin in 1799. Guérin describes it as a ruin, as do Conder and Kitchener in the Survey of Western Palestine (1882).
In 1945, Burin (with Iraq Burin) had a population of 1,200, all Arabs, with 19,096 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 1,797 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 8,741 used for cereals, while 106 dunams were built-up land.
Expropriation and settler violence
The land and water resources of Burin has gradually been reduced since the 1967 Israeli occupation, due to the expropriation for Israeli settlements and military bases. Since 1982, more than 2,000 dunams of Burins land was first declared "state land" and then handed over to the settlers of Har Brakha.
In 2008, a yeshiva student from Yitzhar was arrested after a failed rocket attack on Burin. After Israeli police demolished a trailer home in Adei Ad, a group of settlers from Yitzhar vandalized cars, smashed windows and cut electricity wires in Burin. From mid-June 2008 to August 2008 the human rights group Yesh Din documented nine attacks on Palestinian families living in Burin allegedly carried out by settlers living in outposts near Yitzhar or Har Brakha. Cases of "disturbances of the peace", a term referring to harm caused to Palestinians and their property, as well as harm to Israeli security forces, by Israeli citizens, rose in 2008, with 429 incidents in the first half of 2008, compared with 587 incidents in all of 2006 and 551 in 2007.
In February 2010, an 18-year old Burin resident was shot and wounded by a settler security guard, which the settlers said took place after Palestinians threw stones at them.
Olive harvest days are coordinated with Israel, the Palestinian Authority and large clans in the area to prevent violence and vandalism. 7,714 Palestinian-owned trees were damaged during the first months of 2013. According to a report by Yesh Din, Burin had lost most threes. A spokesman for the Israeli governing body in the West Bank said that were also cases where Palestinians has damaged trees owned by Israel but they were fewer.
In 2011, an UNWRA sponsored summer camp called "Safe life for young women" opened in Iraq Burin to provide girls with entertainment and sports activities and equip them with social skills to deal with such issues as violence, sexual abuse and family disputes.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 181 speculates that it comes from the Arab word for pit
- Ellenblum, 2003, p. 263.
- Hütteroth and Kamal Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 132.
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, p. 162
- Khirbat Burin
- J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus.
- 1931 British Mandate Census p. 60.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 59
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 105
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 155
- Projected Mid -Year Population for Nablus Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
- http://www.poica.org/editor/case_studies/view.php?recordID=1917 Confiscation of more Palestinian Lands in Burin village for the expansion of Bracha Settlement 1 May 2009, ARIJ
- How dispossession happens. The humanitarian impact of the takeover of Palestinian springs by Israeli settlers, March 2012, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory
- Ha'aretz Settler arrested in failed rocket attack on Palestinian town. retrieved 26 July 2008
- Ha'aretz Settler holds knife to IDF soldier's throat in West Bank riot. retrieved 26 July 2008
- Arutz Sheva Police Violence in Yitzhar, Locals Complain to AG retrieved 26 July 2008
- Ha'aretz 15 August 2008 Special feature / The land of unchecked settler harassment, Avi Issacharoff
- Ha'aretz 15 August 2008 Behind closed doors, police admit "turning a blind eye" to settler violence By Uri Blau
- Saed Bannoura, IMEMC News, Feb. 10, 2010
- Burin olive orchards under settlers' attack 29, December, 2005, ARIJ
- Setting 1200 Olive Trees Alight in Burin village – Nablus Governorate 17, July, 2011, ARIJ
- Ravaging 17 Olive Trees in Khallet Siwar, Burin Village - Nablus Governorate 11, May, 2012, ARIJ
- In a harvest, Palestinians cast a light on hardship, New York Times
- Towards a Safe Life Summer Camp
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Ellenblum, Ronnie (2003), Frankish Rural Settlement in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-52187-1
- Hadawi, Sami (1970), Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine, Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center
- Wolf-Dieter Hütteroth and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft.
- E. Mills, ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
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