Buriram

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This article is about the town named Buriram. For the province of the same name of which it is part, see Buriram Province.
Town of Buriram
บุรีรัมย์
Town
Clockwise from top: Downtown Buriram featuring the Sang Rung Interpark Hotel, Buriram Old Town Hall, Romburi Park, Buriram Railway Station, New I-Mobile Stadium and Buriram General Hospital.
Clockwise from top: Downtown Buriram featuring the Sang Rung Interpark Hotel, Buriram Old Town Hall, Romburi Park, Buriram Railway Station, New I-Mobile Stadium and Buriram General Hospital.
Motto: คูเมืองโบราณ ตำนานเล่าขาน อาหารเลิศรส งามงดประเพณี คนดีมีน้ำใจ
Town of Buriram is located in Thailand
Town of Buriram
Town of Buriram
Location in Thailand
Coordinates: 14°59′39″N 103°06′08″E / 14.99417°N 103.10222°E / 14.99417; 103.10222
Country Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand
Province Buriram
Ampheo Mueang Buriram
Tambon Tambon Nai Mueang
Founded 1936
Government
 • Type Thesaban
 • Mayor Kamon Rueangsuksiwong
Area
 • Total 2 sq mi (6 km2)
Elevation[1] 535 ft (163 m)
Population (April 2010)[1]
 • Total 28,283
 • Metro density 12,162.2/sq mi (4,695.84/km2)
Time zone Thailand Standard Time (UTC+7)
Postal code 31000
Area code(s) 044
Website Official website
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Buriram (Thai: บุรีรัมย์ - "City of Happiness") is a town (thesaban mueang) in Thailand, capital of Buriram Province, about 410 km northeast of Bangkok. The town covers the whole tambon Nai Mueang of Mueang Buriram district. In 2012 it had a population of 27,862.

History[edit]

Buriram old town hall
Buriram new town hall

Almost a thousand years ago, the present-day Buriram area was part of the Khmer Empire. Many ruins from that time attest to the destruction. The most significant of them is on an extinct volcano and is protected in the Phanom Rung historical park. According to inscriptions found, Buriram's ruler recognized the hegemony of the Khmer Empire's emperor. Before the ascent of Bangkok, little was known about Buriram. In the early Bangkok Period, in the early 19th century, the town originally called Muang Pae, was renamed Buriram. Then it came under Thai rule. After administrative reforms in the late 19th century, Buriram was incorporated into Siam as a province.

Territory[edit]

Administration divisions[edit]

Buriram Municipality Office
Chumchon Nah Sta-nee Rotfai

There are 18 chumchons (villages) (Thai: ชุมชน) in Buriram.[1]

Rank English Name Thai Name
1 Chum Het ชุมชนชุมเห็ด
2 Lang Sathanee Rotfai (English: Behind Railway Station) ชุมชนหลังสถานีรถไฟ
3 Nah Sathanee Rotfai (English: In Front of Railway Station) ชุมชนหน้าสถานีรถไฟ
4 Prapa Kao ชุมชนประปาเก่า
5 North Bu Lam Duan ชุมชนบุลำดวนเหนือ
6 South Bu Lam Duan ชุมชนบุลำดวนใต้
7 Lang Ratjabhat ชุมชนหลังราชภัฏ
8 Ton Sak ชุมชนต้นสัก
9 Lak Mueang ชุมชนหลักเมือง
10 Sa Phan Yaw ชุมชนสะพานยาว
11 Kok Klang ชุมชนโคกกลาง
12 La Lom ชุมชนละลม
13 Bus Terminal Market ชุมชนตลาด บ.ข.ส.
14 Lang Sal ชุมชนหลังศาล
15 Thesaban ชุมชนเทศบาล
16 Talad Sot ชุมชนตลาดสด
17 Wat Isan ชุมชนวัดอิสาณ
18 Nong Prue ชุมชนหนองปรือ

Geography[edit]

Buriram moat

Buriram is in the centre of Buriram Province. Buriram doesn't have any important rivers, but it has a creek, Huai Jorakhamak. Important waters in the town such as Buriram Moat (or Klong La Lom), Nong Prue, Huai Jorakheaak Reservoir and Huai Talat Reservoir.

Climate[edit]

Weather[edit]

Climate data for Buriram
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.67
(89.01)
34.02
(93.24)
36.02
(96.84)
36.45
(97.61)
33.87
(92.97)
34.35
(93.83)
33.60
(92.48)
33.07
(91.53)
32.57
(90.63)
31.25
(88.25)
30.52
(86.94)
29.77
(85.59)
33.10
(91.58)
Average low °C (°F) 17.65
(63.77)
20.10
(68.18)
22.65
(72.77)
24.47
(76.05)
24.50
(76.1)
24.80
(76.64)
24.37
(75.87)
24.17
(75.51)
24.22
(75.6)
23.32
(73.98)
20.87
(69.57)
18.30
(64.94)
22.45
(72.41)
Precipitation mm (inches) 0.07
(0.0028)
7.10
(0.2795)
42.02
(1.6543)
113.75
(4.4783)
241.87
(9.5224)
100.82
(3.9693)
176.10
(6.9331)
109.87
(4.3256)
288.90
(11.374)
177.50
(6.9882)
94.27
(3.7114)
6.00
(0.2362)
1,358.27
(53.4751)
Source: Buriram Meteorological Department

Economy[edit]

The town is on the northeastern railway line, and also has a regional airport, Buriram Airport. Much of the local economy is still agricultural and the tourist industry that is a prominent feature in much of the rest of the country has yet to make a significant impact. Key agricultural crops include rice and cassava. The main languages spoken in Buriram are Central Thai, Lao, and Khmer.

Taweekit Supercenter, the local department store of Buriram

Communication[edit]

Buriram has a post office, TOT, the national telecom company, a CAT Office and 2 radio stations; Radio Thailand AM on Niwas St and Radio Thailand FM on Jira St.

Water supply[edit]

There are 6,097 houses which use municipal water in Buriram. Total consumption is 18,000-19,000 cubic meters a day. Huai Jorakhamak. The reservoir is the source of Buriram's water. Huai Talat Reservoir is the reserve water supply

Electricity[edit]

All of the houses in Buriram area (6,097 in total) have access to electricity. Buriram Provincial Electricity Authority (Buriram P.E.A.) is the main supplier.

Transport[edit]

Airports[edit]

Buriram Airport is the largest and only airport in Buriram Province. There is one airline, Nok Air, from Don Mueang International Airport.

Highways[edit]

Intercity transit[edit]

Buriram Railway Station is the main railway station in Buriram Province.

State Railway of Thailand, the national passenger rail system, provides service to Buriram at the Buriram Railway Station. SRT provides many services such as limited express trains to Bangkok and Ubon Ratchathani, commuter trains to Nakhon Ratchasima, etc.

The Transport Co., Ltd. operates a bus depot at Buriram Bus Station, and Nakhon Chai Air has a stop adjacent to the bus station.

Mass transit[edit]

Songthaew System has served Buriram for a long time.

The Buriram Songthaew System provides public transportation for the city. BSS was established many years ago. There are two lines: Line 1 (Buriram Municipality Market-Khao Kradong Forest Park Line), and Line 2 (Ban Bua Line). The system operates from 6:00 AM - 5:00 PM. Both two lines colored pink.

Attractions[edit]

  • Lower Northeastern Cultural Centre (ศูนย์วัฒนธรรมอีสานใต้): The centre collects and exhibits artefacts and precious historical objects, folk art and archaeological evidence. It is also the resource centre for conducting research.
  • The Monument of King Rama I (พระบรมราชานุสาวรีย์พระบาทสมเด็จพระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก): The monument was built in 1996 to honour King Rama I who founded Buriram while he was serving as Somdet Phraya Maha Kasatsuek.
  • Khao Kradong Forest Park (วนอุทยานเขากระโดง): This extinct volcano is now a recreational spot. The top is 265 metres above sea level and it houses "Phra Suphattharabophit", a large Buddha image that is the symbol of Buriram.
  • Kradong Reservoir (อ่างเก็บน้ำกระโดง): From the entrance to Khao Kradong, there is a junction on the left side to "Bunyanusat" boy scout camp and a zoo.
  • Huai Talat Reservoir and Buriram Bird Park (อ่างเก็บน้ำห้วยตลาดและสวนนกบุรีรัมย์): A survey found more than 100 species of birds living in this area during the dry season which lasts from November-April.

Cityscapes[edit]

Medical education centre building in Buriram General Hospital.

There are several tall buildings in Buriram. The tallest buildings is 15th Buildings in Buriram Rajabhat University. The second is Sang Rung Hotel that is ghost hotel now. The third is medical education centre building in Buriram General Hospital. The fourth is 18th Buildings in Buriram Rajabhat University. And the fifth is Thep Nakhon Hotel #1. Other cityscapes such as PND Hotel, Thep Nakhon Hotel #2 (under construction).

Sro Ground Walking Street[edit]

Romburi Street, place for walking street in the evening

Sro Ground Walking Street is part of the town of Buriram. It is a tourist attraction that draws foreigners and Thai nationals, primarily for the night life. The street runs from the south end of Romburi Street to the Romburi-Sukhonthamat Intersaction.

Walking Street is closed to vehicles from 5:00 pm to 0:00 am, and car parking is provided at the Municipality Public Park. The Street was established on July 5, 2014, located on the Romburi Street.

Demography[edit]

Wooden houses on Sunthorntep Street, the old town section

As of 30 April 2010.

  • Male 13,555
  • Female 14,620

Total population of 28,283 and 6,097 family units.[1]

Education[edit]

Pre-primary
  • Thesaban Mueang Buriram Child Development Center
  • Buriram Hospital Child Development Center
Pre-primary and Primary
  • Buriram Kindergarten School
  • Hua Khiaw School
  • Thesaban 3 School
  • Anuban Theera School
  • Buriram Ratjabhat University Demonstration School
Pre-primary, Primary and Secondary
Secondary
College
University
Buddhist

Public health[edit]

Buriram Hospital

Shopping malls[edit]

There are many shopping malls in Buriram, such as Big C, Makro, Home Pro, Tesco Lotus Express and Taweekit, the local shopping mall of Buriram Province.

Robinson Department Store will build and open branch in Buriram in 2014 - 2015.[4]

Taweekit Supercenter is adding an extension now and will be renovated in 2012. It will add five new cinemas to the existing two.[5]

Community Mall will be opened and now it is being built. It is near The Monument of King Rama I.[6]

Sport[edit]

Buriram has a football club, Buriram United F.C. with 2 stadiums, I-mobile Stadium (Closed) and Thunder Castle Stadium. Buriram has a swimming pool, Buriram Provincial Swimming Pool.

Newin Chidchob said that "Buriram doesn't have sea like Pattaya, doesn't have mountain like Chiang Mai, so we will support Buriram to be the city of sports by 2 years soon."[7]

Buriram has several sports projects underway. Buriram will open Buriram United Water park near Thunder Castle Stadium in April 2013. Buriram United Water park will be the best water park in the north-eastern region.

Buriram International Circuit (BIC) Speedway will be under construction in June 2013 and open in June 2014.[8][9]

Other speedways are being planned, such as Motocraus Speedway.[10]

Culture[edit]

Festivals[edit]

Buddha's Footprint Homage–paying Fair (งานนมัสการรอยพระพุทธบาทจำลอง): The event takes place at Khao Kradong, Amphoe Mueang, on the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month. A large number of local people visit Khao Kradong to pay homage to a replica of the Buddha’s footprint and the Phra Suphattharabophit image whilst enjoying the big celebration.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]