Burlington, Colorado

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Burlington, Colorado
Location in Kit Carson County and the State of Colorado
Location in Kit Carson County and the State of Colorado
Coordinates: 39°18′15″N 102°16′7″W / 39.30417°N 102.26861°W / 39.30417; -102.26861Coordinates: 39°18′15″N 102°16′7″W / 39.30417°N 102.26861°W / 39.30417; -102.26861
Country United States
State Colorado
County Kit Carson[1]
Incorporated January 12, 1888[2]
Government
 • Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
Area
 • Total 2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2)
 • Land 2.1 sq mi (5.4 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[3] 4,170 ft (1,271 m)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 4,254
 • Density 2,000/sq mi (790/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 80807[5]
Area code(s) 719
FIPS code 08-10600
GNIS feature ID 0204822
Website burlingtoncolo.com

Burlington is a city and county seat of Kit Carson County, Colorado, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 4,254.[4]

History[edit]

Burlington was originally laid out one mile west of its present location in 1887 by a man named Lowell in anticipation of the arrival of the railroad. In addition to having the location wrong, Lowell also did not have title to the land. When the railroad did arrive, the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, it built its depot at the present site of Burlington and those who had built in Old Burlington moved their building to the new townsite. Trains began running in 1888. "The Settlement", about 12 miles northwest of Burlington, was settled by German immigrants from Russia, many from Hoffnungstal, South Russia, who, in addition to their homesteads, built Congregational and Lutheran churches.[7][8]

Geography and climate[edit]

Burlington is located at 39°18′15″N 102°16′7″W / 39.30417°N 102.26861°W / 39.30417; -102.26861 (39.304293, -102.268683)[9] on the High Plains in eastern Colorado. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), all of it land.

The eastern most interchange in Colorado on Interstate 70 is located at Burlington.

Climate data for Burlington, Colorado (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 43.6
(6.4)
45.7
(7.6)
54.7
(12.6)
63.5
(17.5)
74.1
(23.4)
83.6
(28.7)
90.3
(32.4)
86.6
(30.3)
79.2
(26.2)
65.6
(18.7)
53.5
(11.9)
43.2
(6.2)
65.3
(18.5)
Average low °F (°C) 17.0
(−8.3)
18.8
(−7.3)
25.6
(−3.6)
33.8
(1)
44.3
(6.8)
54.2
(12.3)
60.8
(16)
58.8
(14.9)
49.3
(9.6)
36.4
(2.4)
25.4
(−3.7)
16.5
(−8.6)
36.7
(2.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.14
(3.6)
0.20
(5.1)
0.67
(17)
1.46
(37.1)
1.76
(44.7)
2.29
(58.2)
2.38
(60.5)
2.52
(64)
1.06
(26.9)
1.50
(38.1)
0.28
(7.1)
0.24
(6.1)
14.48
(367.8)
Source: NOAA[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1890 146
1900 183 25.3%
1910 368 101.1%
1920 991 169.3%
1930 1,280 29.2%
1940 1,280 0.0%
1950 2,247 75.5%
1960 2,090 −7.0%
1970 2,828 35.3%
1980 3,107 9.9%
1990 2,941 −5.3%
2000 3,678 25.1%
2010 4,254 15.7%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 4,191 people, 1,478 households, and ? families residing in the city. The population density was 1,995.7 people per square mile (776.1/km²). There were 1,478 housing units at an average density of 703.8 per square mile (273.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.3% White, 6.2% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 8.5% from other races, and 0.90% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.5% of the population.

There were 1,287 households out of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.7% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 32.8% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 121.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 126.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $33,854, and the median income for a family was $42,500. Males had a median income of $29,167 versus $19,018 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,054. About 12.2% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.3% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.

An AH-1 Cobra on display outside of the VFW Post in Burlington, Colorado.

Government[edit]

Burlington is a Home Rule Municipality.[2]

Education[edit]

Burlington Public Schools are part of the Burlington Public School District RE-6J. The district has two elementary schools, one middle school and one high school.

Burlington Elementary School, Burlington Middle School and Burlington High School are located in Burlington.[12]

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Burlington has a weekly newspaper, The Burlington Record.[13] A run of 3 years, 1910-1912, of the Kit Carson County Record is archived in the Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection.[14]

Radio[edit]

The following radio stations are licensed to Burlington:

AM

Frequency Callsign[15] Format[16] Notes
1140 KNAB Adult Standards/MOR

FM

Frequency Callsign[17] Format[16] Notes
88.1 K201FK Christian Translator of KAWZ, Twin Falls, Idaho
89.5 K208CH Contemporary Christian Translator of KTLF, Colorado Springs
104.1 KNAB-FM Country

National Historic Landmark[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Retrieved 2007-09-02. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 11, 2012. 
  5. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. Retrieved September 4, 2007. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ "Local and Personal Happenings notice of a wedding at the Congregational church in the Settlement, page 1 Kit Carson County Record December 5, 1912
  8. ^ The Birth of the German Settlement in Kit Carson County, from The German Settlement of Kit Carson County, Colorado
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "NOWData - NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 5, 2013. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Burlington". GreatSchools, Inc. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  13. ^ "About this Newspaper: The Burlington record". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  14. ^ Colorado Historic Newspapers Collection
  15. ^ "AMQ AM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  16. ^ a b "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 
  17. ^ "FMQ FM Radio Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2009-09-24. 

External links[edit]