Burlington, Ontario

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Burlington
City (lower-tier)
City of Burlington
Skyline of Burlington at Night
Skyline of Burlington at Night
Flag of Burlington
Flag
Official logo of Burlington
Logo
Motto: Stand By
Burlington, Ontario Location.png
Coordinates: 43°19′30″N 79°48′00″W / 43.32500°N 79.80000°W / 43.32500; -79.80000Coordinates: 43°19′30″N 79°48′00″W / 43.32500°N 79.80000°W / 43.32500; -79.80000
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Region Halton
Established 1874
City status 1974
Government
 • Mayor Rick Goldring
 • Governing Body Burlington City Council
 • MPs Mike Wallace (CPC), Lisa Raitt (CPC)
 • MPPs Eleanor McMahon (OLP), Indira Naidoo-Harris (OLP)
Area[1]
 • Total 185.66 km2 (71.68 sq mi)
Elevation 74 m (243 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 175,779 (Ranked 28th)
 • Density 946.8/km2 (2,452/sq mi)
Time zone Eastern (UTC−5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC−4)
Postal code L7L - L7T
Area code(s) 905, 289, 365
Website www.burlington.ca

Burlington (Canada 2011 Census population 175,779), is a city located in Halton Region at the western end of Lake Ontario. Burlington is part of the Greater Toronto Area, and is also included in the Hamilton Census Metropolitan Area. Physically, Burlington lies between the north shore of Lake Ontario and the Niagara Escarpment. Economically, Burlington is strategically located near the geographic centre of the Golden Horseshoe, a densely populated and industrialized region home to over 8 million people.

Some of the city's attractions include Canada's Largest Ribfest, Sound of Music Festival, Art Gallery of Burlington, and Spencer Smith Park, all located near the city's municipal offices in the downtown core. Additionally, the city attracts hikers, birders and nature lovers due to the Royal Botanical Gardens located on the border with Hamilton, as well as its proximity to a part of the Niagara Escarpment in the north end of the city that includes the Iroquoian section of the Bruce Trail.

History[edit]

Before pioneer settlement in the 19th century, the area was covered by the primeval forest that stretched between the provincial capital of York and the town of Hamilton, and was home to various First Nations peoples. In 1792, John Graves Simcoe, the first lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, named the western end of Lake Ontario "Burlington Bay" after the town of Bridlington in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England,.[2] By the time land beside the bay was deeded to Captain Joseph Brant at the turn of the 19th century, the name "Burlington" was already in common use. With the completion of the local survey after the War of 1812, the land was opened for settlement. Early farmers prospered in the Burlington area because of the fertile soil and moderate temperatures. Produce from the farms was shipped out via the bustling docks of the lakeside villages of Port Nelson and Wellington Square, as well as Brown's Wharf in the nearby village of Port Flamborough (which was to become Aldershot). Lumber taken from the surrounding forests also competed for space on the busy docks. However, in the latter half of the 19th century, increased wheat production from Western Canada convinced local farmers to switch to fruit and vegetable production.

In 1874, Wellington Square and Port Nelson were incorporated into the Village of Burlington. However, the arrival of large steamships on the Great Lakes made the small docks of the local ports obsolete, and the increased use of railway to ship goods marked the end of the commercial wharves.

Farming still thrived though, and the resultant growth resulted in continued prosperity. By 1906, the town boasted both its own newspaper—the Burlington Gazette—as well as a town library and a local rail line that connected Burlington to nearby Hamilton. During the First World War, 300 local men volunteered for duty in the Canadian Expeditionary Force—38 did not return. In 1915, Burlington was incorporated into a town.

As more settlers arrived and cleared the land, cash crops replaced subsistence farming. Gradually, mixed farming and market gardens became the dominant form of agriculture, and in the early 20th century the area was declared the Garden of Canada. The first peaches grown in Canada were cultivated in the Grindstone Creek watershed, which is located in the south-west part of the city. The farming tradition has passed down through the generations. Today over forty percent of the Grindstone Creek watershed is still devoted to farms, orchards and nurseries.[3]

Following the Second World War, cheap electricity from nearby Niagara Falls and better transportation access due to the new (1939) Queen Elizabeth Way encouraged both light industry and families to move to Burlington. The population skyrocketed as new homes were built, encouraging developers to build even more new homes. On January 1, 1958, Burlington officially annexed most of the Township of Nelson, as well as Aldershot, formerly a part of East Flamborough Township. By 1967, the last cash crop farm within the city had been replaced by the Burlington Mall.[4]

By 1974, with a population exceeding 100,000, Burlington was incorporated as a city. The extremely high rate of growth continued, and between 2001 and 2006, the population of Burlington grew by 9%, compared to Canada's overall growth rate of 5.4%. By 2006, the population topped 160,000. Continued high rates of growth are forecast as farmland north of Dundas Street (former Highway 5) and south of Highway #407 is developed into more suburban housing.

Geography and climate[edit]

Burlington is located at the southwestern end of Lake Ontario, just to the north of Hamilton and the Niagara Peninsula, roughly in the geographic centre of the urban corridor known as the Golden Horseshoe. Burlington has a total land area of 187 km2 (72 sq mi). The main urban area is located south of the Parkway Belt and Hwy. 407. The land north of this, and north Aldershot is used primarily for agriculture, rural residential and conservation purposes. The Niagara Escarpment, Lake Ontario and the sloping plain between the escarpment and the lake make up the land area of Burlington. The city is no longer a port; sailing vessels in the area are used for recreational purposes and moor at a 215 slip marina in LaSalle Park. The 2.2 km long Skyway Bridge is a prominent landmark.

Burlington’s climate is humid continental (Köppen climate classification Dfa) with warm, humid summers and cold, somewhat drier winters. The climate is moderated by its proximity to Lake Ontario. Monthly mean temperatures range from 22.3 °C (72.1 °F) in July to −4.2 °C (24.4 °F) in January. The average annual precipitation is 878 millimetres (34.6 in) of rain and 109 centimetres (43 in) of snow.

Although it shares the temperate climate found in Southern Ontario, its proximity to Lake Ontario moderates winter temperatures and it also benefits from a sheltering effect of the Niagara Escarpment, allowing the most northerly tracts of Carolinian forest to thrive on the Escarpment that runs through western sections of city. Several species of flora and fauna usually found only in more southern climes have their only Canadian presence here including paw-paw, green dragon (Arisaema dracontium), tuckahoe (Peltandra virginica), American columbo (Frasera carolinensis), wall-rue (Asplenium ruta-muraria), plus the Louisiana waterthrush, the hooded warbler, the southern flying squirrel and the rare eastern pipistrelle. Near the visible promontory of Mount Nemo that rises some 200 m (650 ft) above the lake level, a "vertical forest" of white cedar clinging to the Escarpment face includes many small trees that are more than a thousand years old.[5]

Hamilton Harbour, the western end of Lake Ontario, is bounded on its western shore by a large sandbar, now called the Beach strip, that was deposited during the last ice age. A canal bisecting the sandbar allows ships access to Hamilton Harbour, which lies behind the sandbar. The Burlington Bay James N. Allan Skyway (part of the Queen Elizabeth Way), and the Canal Lift Bridge allow access over the canal.

Climate data for Burlington (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.0
(59)
18.0
(64.4)
27.0
(80.6)
32.0
(89.6)
35.0
(95)
37.2
(99)
39.0
(102.2)
37.2
(99)
36.1
(97)
31.1
(88)
26.7
(80.1)
22.0
(71.6)
39.0
(102.2)
Average high °C (°F) −0.6
(30.9)
0.8
(33.4)
5.2
(41.4)
12.4
(54.3)
19.4
(66.9)
25.0
(77)
28.0
(82.4)
26.7
(80.1)
21.8
(71.2)
15.1
(59.2)
8.0
(46.4)
2.4
(36.3)
13.7
(56.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.4
(24.1)
−3.2
(26.2)
1.0
(33.8)
7.5
(45.5)
13.9
(57)
19.4
(66.9)
22.5
(72.5)
21.4
(70.5)
16.9
(62.4)
10.4
(50.7)
4.4
(39.9)
−1
(30)
9.1
(48.4)
Average low °C (°F) −8.1
(17.4)
−7.1
(19.2)
−3.3
(26.1)
2.6
(36.7)
8.3
(46.9)
13.8
(56.8)
16.9
(62.4)
16.1
(61)
11.9
(53.4)
5.7
(42.3)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
Record low °C (°F) −29.4
(−20.9)
−27
(−17)
−23.9
(−11)
−13.9
(7)
−2.8
(27)
1.1
(34)
5.6
(42.1)
3.0
(37.4)
−1.1
(30)
−7.8
(18)
−16.1
(3)
−27
(−17)
−29.4
(−20.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 66.0
(2.598)
54.5
(2.146)
61.6
(2.425)
70.6
(2.78)
81.0
(3.189)
69.1
(2.72)
75.3
(2.965)
82.0
(3.228)
83.1
(3.272)
71.9
(2.831)
84.9
(3.343)
63.0
(2.48)
863.1
(33.98)
Rainfall mm (inches) 31.8
(1.252)
33.0
(1.299)
44.7
(1.76)
68.2
(2.685)
81.0
(3.189)
69.1
(2.72)
75.3
(2.965)
82.0
(3.228)
83.1
(3.272)
71.9
(2.831)
79.7
(3.138)
43.5
(1.713)
763.3
(30.051)
Snowfall cm (inches) 34.2
(13.46)
21.5
(8.46)
16.9
(6.65)
2.4
(0.94)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
5.3
(2.09)
19.5
(7.68)
99.9
(39.33)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 12.4 9.6 11.0 12.5 11.8 10.9 10.1 10.2 10.9 10.7 13.9 11.9 135.8
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 4.9 4.5 8.0 11.7 11.8 10.9 10.1 10.2 10.9 10.7 12.7 7.7 113.9
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 8.1 6.0 3.6 0.84 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6 5.4 25.5
Source: Environment Canada[6]

Demographics[edit]

Burlington
Year Pop. ±%
1901 1,119 —    
1911 1,831 +63.6%
1921 2,709 +48.0%
1931 3,046 +12.4%
1941 3,815 +25.2%
1951 6,017 +57.7%
1961 47,008 +681.3%
1971 87,023 +85.1%
1981 114,853 +32.0%
1991 129,575 +12.8%
1996 136,976 +5.7%
2001 150,836 +10.1%
2006 164,415 +9.0%
2011 175,779 +6.9%

Age[edit]

According to the 2011 census, Burlington's population was 175,779. As of the 2006 census, 48% of residents were male and 52% female. Minors (individuals under the age of 18) made up 24.5% of the population (almost identical to the national average of 24.4%), and pensioners (age 65+) numbered 15.4% (significantly higher than the national average 13.7%). This older population was also reflected in Burlington's average age of 40.3, which was higher than the Canadian average of 39.5.[7]

Race and ethnic origins[edit]

Ethnic Origin[8] Population Percent
English 59,330 36.51%
Scottish 39,605 24.37%
Irish 33,855 20.83%
German 16,640 10.24%
French 15,980 9.83%
Italian 11,430 7.03%
Dutch 8,575 5.27%
Polish 8,120 5.00%

As recorded in the same census, 91.04% of the population was white. Other groups include South Asian: 3.1%, mixed race: 1.5%, black: 1.5%, and Chinese: 1.3%.[9]

The top eight ethnic origins from the 2006 census are listed in the accompanying table. Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to choose more than one ethnicity.

Language[edit]

According to the 2011 Census,[10] English is the mother tongue for 80.7% of the residents of Burlington, followed by French (1.8%), Polish (1.3%), Spanish (1.2%), German (1.1%) and Italian (1.1%). However, Statistics Canada warned that "data users are advised to exercise caution when evaluating trends related to mother tongue and home language that compare 2011 census data to those of previous censuses," due to the discontinuation of the mandatory long census form by the federal government.[11]

Religion[edit]

In the 2001 Canadian census, 78% of Burlington residents identified themselves as Christian. Of these, approximately 41% claimed adherence to one of the mainstream Protestant churches or were Anglican, 32% were Roman Catholic, and the remaining 27% belonged to other denominations such as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Mormons), the Ukrainian Catholic Church, and various Orthodox denominations.[12] Of the remaining 22% of the population that did not identify themselves as Christian, 16.6% identified themselves as following no religion, 1.0% were Muslim, 0.7% Sikh, 0.5% Hindu, 0.4% Jewish, 0.3% Buddhist, and 0.1% Pagan.[12]

Economy[edit]

Burlington's economic strength is the diversity of its economic base, mainly achieved because of its geography, proximity to large industries in southern Ontario (Canada's largest consumer market), its location within the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) and proximity to Hamilton, and its transportation infrastructure. This diversity has allowed for sustained growth with regards to the economy.[13] The city has a robust economy with potential for future growth - it is located at the hub of the Golden Horseshoe, is largely driven by both the automotive and manufacturing sectors. The city has historically been a destination with a high quality of life, being most recently named the 2nd best city in Canada in which to live.[14]

No single employer or job sector dominates Burlington’s economy. The leading industrial sectors, in terms of employment, are food processing, packaging, electronics, motor vehicle/transportation, business services, chemical/pharmaceutical and environmental. The top five private sector employers in Burlington are Fearmans Pork Inc, Cogeco Cable, Evertz Microsystems, Boehringer Ingelheim and EMC2. The largest public sector employers in the city are the City of Burlington, the Halton District School Board, the Halton Catholic District School Board and Joseph Brant Hospital.

The Burlington Mall and Mapleview Centre are popular malls within the city. The many summer festivals in the city, include Canada's Largest Ribfest, and the Burlington Sound of Music Festival which also attract many visitors.

Media and journalism[edit]

Television stations[edit]

Burlington is primarily served by media based in Toronto (other than those noted below), as it is geographically located in the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA).

Radio[edit]

One radio station, FM 107.9 CJXY, is licensed to Burlington and another, FM 94.7 CHKX, to "Hamilton/Burlington." Both presently broadcast from studios in Hamilton; CJXY, indeed, brands itself "Hamilton's ONLY Rock Station." Burlington listeners are also served by stations licensed to Toronto and Hamilton and other nearby radio markets like Buffalo, NY.

Print media[edit]

The following publications are either published in or around Burlington, or have Burlington as one of their main subjects:

Education[edit]

Burlington's public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton District School Board. Burlington's Catholic elementary and secondary schools are part of the Halton Catholic District School Board. French public elementary and secondary schools are part of the Conseil scolaire Viamonde and French catholic elementary and secondary schools are part of the Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud (CSDCCS). Several private schools are also available in the city.

Elementary schools[edit]

There are 29 public elementary schools and 14 Roman Catholic elementary schools in Burlington.

Public[edit]

  • Alexander's Public School
  • Alton Village Public School
  • Brant Hills Public School
  • Bruce T. Lindley Public School
  • Burlington Central Elementary
  • Central Public School
  • C.H. Norton Public School
  • Charles R. Beaudoin Public School
  • Clarksdale Public School
  • Dr. Charles Best Public School
  • Florence Meares Public School Sports Team: Falcons
  • Frontenac Public School
  • Glenview Public School Sports Team: Hawks
  • John T. Tuck Public School
  • King's Road Public School
  • Lakeshore Public School
  • Maplehurst Public School
  • Mohawk Gardens Public School
  • Orchard Park Public School
  • Paul A. Fisher Public School
  • Pauline Johnson Public School
  • Pineland Public School Sports Team: Panthers
  • Rolling Meadows Public School
  • Ryerson Public School Sports Team: Road Runners
  • Sir E. MacMillan Public School
  • Tecumseh Public School
  • Tom Thomson Public School
  • Kilbride Public School
  • John William Boich Public School

Catholic[edit]

  • Ascension Elementary School
  • Canadian Martyrs Elementary School
  • Holy Rosary Elementary School
  • Sacred Heart of Jesus Elementary School
  • St. Christopher Elementary School
  • St. Elizabeth Seton Elementary School
  • St. Gabriel Elementary School
  • St. John Elementary School
  • St. Mark Elementary School
  • St. Patrick Elementary School
  • St. Paul Elementary School
  • St. Raphael Elementary School
  • St. Timothy Elementary School

High schools[edit]

There are eight public high schools and three Catholic high schools in Burlington.

Public[edit]

Catholic[edit]

Private[edit]

  • Fern Hill School
  • Halton Waldorf School
  • Burlington Christian Academy
  • Burlington Montessori Preschool
  • Glenn Arbour Academy
  • Fairview Glen Montessori
  • Hillfield Strathallan (Hamilton)
  • Summerhill Day School
  • Trinity Christian School
  • John Calvin Christian School
  • Pine School
  • TALC Academy
  • Mylanta Christian Montessori

Universities[edit]

  • McMaster University DeGroote School of Business - Ron Joyce Centre opened in September 2010 and offers MBA and Executive Management programs.[15]
  • Australian university Charles Sturt University has had a study centre in Burlington since 2005 and offers programs in Master of International Education, Bachelor of Early Childhood Studies and Master of Business Administration. .[16]

Colleges[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Burlington Transit, the public transport provider in the city, provides service on a transportation grid centred on three commuter GO Train stations: Appleby, Burlington and Aldershot.

Major transportation corridors through the city include the Queen Elizabeth Way, Highway 403, Highway 407, and Dundas Street (former Highway 5). Commuter and travel rail service is provided by both GO Transit and Via Rail. Rail cargo transportation is provided by both Canadian National Railway and Canadian Pacific.

On February 26, 2012, a Via Rail train traveling from Niagara Falls to Toronto Union Station derailed in Burlington, with three fatalities.[17]

Politics[edit]

The federal and provincial riding of Burlington, which covers a large portion of the city of Burlington. (The riding of Halton covers the northeast parts of the city) Author: Elections Canada.

Local government[edit]

The city is divided into six wards, each represented by a city councillor. The mayor, who chairs the city council, is Rick Goldring.

Council elected for 2011–2014[edit]

  • Mayor: Rick Goldring
  • Ward 1: Rick Craven
  • Ward 2: Marianne Meed Ward
  • Ward 3: John Taylor
  • Ward 4: Jack Dennison
  • Ward 5: Paul Sharman
  • Ward 6: Blair Lancaster

Federal[edit]

Federally, the city is represented by two MPs whose ridings cover parts of the city:

Burlington (covers most of the city): Mike Wallace (Conservative)

Halton (the northeast corner of the city as well as rural areas north to Milton: Lisa Raitt (Conservative)

Provincial[edit]

Provincially, the city is represented by two MPPs, whose ridings are geographically contiguous with their federal counterparts:

Sites of interest[edit]

Burlington is home to the Royal Botanical Gardens, which has the world’s largest lilac collection. Ontario's botanical garden and National Historic Site of Canada features over 2,700 acres (11 km2) of gardens and nature sanctuaries, including four outdoor display gardens, the Mediterranean Garden under glass, three on-site restaurants, the Gardens' Gift Shop, and festivals.

"Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial"(1995) by André Gauthier (sculptor) in Spencer Smith Park

There are 115 parks and 580 ha of parkland within the city. Lasalle Park located in Aldershot, is owned by the city of Hamilton but is leased by Burlington, which also assumes responsibility for maintenance. On the shore of Lake Ontario, Spencer Smith Park, is newly renovated with an observatory, outdoor pond, water jet play area and restaurant.

"Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial (1995)" by André Gauthier (sculptor) is a 6’4” high cast bronze statue of a WWII Canadian sailor in the position of attention saluting his lost shipmates, which was erected in Spencer Smith Park. The model for the statue was a local Sea Cadet wearing Mike Vencel's naval service uniform.[18] On the black granite base, the names of Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Merchant Marine ships sunk during WWII are engraved. On the granite wall, the names of all Royal Canadian Navy ships and Canadian Merchant Marine vessels which saw service in WWII are engraved.[19] A monument commemorating the Korean War was erected in the summer of 2014 to mark the 61st anniversary of the armistice to end the war.[20]

Several conservation areas are minutes away and feature year round activities. Mount Nemo Conservation Area is the only area in Burlington that is operated by Conservation Halton. Bronte Creek Provincial Park is located along the eastern boundary of the city and features a campground and recreational activities and events year-round.

Kerncliff Park, in an abandoned quarry on the boundary with Waterdown, is a naturalized area on the lip of the Niagara Escarpment. The Bruce Trail runs through the park, at many points running along the edge of the cliffs, providing a clear overlook of Burlington, the Burlington Skyway Bridge, Hamilton, and Oakville. On a clear day, one can see the CN Tower in Toronto, approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the park.

The Art Gallery of Burlington shows various exhibits throughout the year from local to national and houses the largest collection of Canadian ceramics. The Gallery’s exhibition spaces, which feature new exhibitions every eight to ten weeks, are fully accessible and are free of charge to visitors.

The Joseph Brant Museum and Ireland House are also popular attractions. Joseph Brant Museum has ongoing exhibits on the history of Burlington, the Eileen Collard Costume Collection, Captain Joseph Brant and the visible storage gallery. Ireland House at Oakridge Farm is a history museum depicting family life from the 1850s to the 1920s.

Burlington offers four indoor and two outdoor pools, four splash pads, nine ice pads, four community centres and nine golf courses. Some of the best hiking in the world can be done in the local sections of the Bruce Trail and the Niagara Escarpment, which is a UNESCO designated World Biosphere Reserve, as well as along the Waterfront Trail that runs along the northern shore of Lake Ontario.

There are no large-scale stadiums in Burlington. Construction is underway to add 2 more ice surfaces to Appleby Ice Centre to create a 4 pad facility opening in fall of 2010. In 2008, city council approved the construction of a Performing Arts Centre on Locust Street, in the downtown core. The Performing Arts Centre is designed by Diamond and Schmitt Architects who also designed Toronto's Four Seasons Centre for the Performing Arts.[21] This 750 seat facility opened in 2011.

Many annual free festivals take place in Spencer Smith Park, including Canada's Largest Ribfest and the Sound of Music Festival, Canada Day, Children's Festival and Lakeside Festival of Lights. There is also the semi-annual prix fixe Taste of Burlington dining event.

The Brant Street Pier [22] was officially opened during the Sound of Music Festival in Spencer Smith Park on Father’s Day weekend, 2013. Thousands of people from Burlington and beyond flocked to the pier to enjoy sunshine and breathtaking views.. The Brant Street Pier is a signature destination and attraction in Spencer Smith Park at The Waterfront at Downtown Burlington. The pier extends 137 metres over Lake Ontario and provides breathtaking views of the lake and Burlington’s shoreline.

Malls and shopping[edit]

Organizations[edit]

The Burlington Teen Tour Band (BTTB) has operated in the city since 1947, including members between the ages of 13 and 21. The marching band goes by the nickname The Redcoats due to the colour of its uniforms, and are regular participants in major international parades. They are also referred to as "Canada's Musical Ambassadors" and have represented Canada all over the world. One such occasion was during the 2008 Tournament of Roses Parade, where the band represented Canada for the fourth time in the band's history. The band is currently led by Rob Bennett, managing director, along with Sir William Hughes, musical director.

The Junior Redcoats are the younger version of the Teen Tour Band. The band includes children between the ages of 9 to 12. The Junior Redcoats' major performances are most commonly at the Burlington Santa Claus Parade, the Waterdown Santa Claus Parade, Hamilton Place (along with the Teen Tour Band) and the Sound of Music Parade. The Junior Redcoats are currently directed by Bill Rolfe.

The Burlington Concert Band has been in operation since 1908. The band, composed of local volunteer musicians, plays a wide variety of musical styles and repertoire. It primarily performs to raise money for charitable causes. The Burlington Concert Band is a participating member of Performing Arts Burlington as well as the Canadian Band Association. The band maintains an open membership policy, allowing anyone who feels they can handle the music competently to join without an audition. Its primary venue has been the Burlington Performing Arts Center since it opened in 2011. The Burlington Concert Band is currently directed by Zoltan Kalman and led by an elected board currently headed by Jane Lemke.

Since 1961, 715 "Mohawk" Squadron of the Royal Canadian Air Cadets has been a fixture in the city. The Royal Canadian Air Cadets is only one of the three branches of the Canadian Cadet Movement. The CCM is a partnership between the Department of National Defence, and each of the three cadet leagues: The Air Cadet League of Canada, The Army Cadet League of Canada, and the Navy League. The CCM is the largest federally funded youth program in Canada, and is open to youth ages 12–18 who are interested in leadership, citizenship, physical fitness, the Canadian Forces, and personal discipline. The Army Cadet Corps is 2379 Royal Hamilton Light Infantry Army Cadet Corps.

Burlington Area Scouts traces its organization back to 1910 when the town's population was about 1,000. The first local Scoutmaster was Archie McGibbon, who remained in his position for more than a year, after which there was a succession of leaders including Hughes Cleaver and William Gilbert. The original enrolment of 25 boys was considered excellent for the small population of Burlington.

In approximately 1918, Rev. George W. Tebbs took over the troop. It was in the 1920s when Scoutmaster Tebbs and the local troop met Robert Baden-Powell in Burlington. The founder was motoring to Toronto and broke his trip for a short while when he saw the Scouts lined up at Gore Park on the waterfront. For many years, Rev. Tebbs led the boys as they marched out of town, hauling the trek cart to a distant camping location. It wasn't until 1958 that the Scouts' combined group committees were able to buy the 90-acre (360,000 m2) camping grounds in North Burlington at Camp Manitou.

The current Burlington Area Scouts came into existence in 1958 as "Burlington District" with amalgamation of several groups from Burlington and surrounding area. There are 17 active groups within the Area, providing Scouting to over 700 members. The Area stretches outside the city limits of Burlington and encompasses the additional communities of Waterdown, Kilbride, and Carlisle.[23]

Sports[edit]

Local teams[edit]

Burlington Cougars—formerly the Burlington Mohawks—are an Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League Team.

The following are the names associated with Burlington sport teams:

The Burlington Soccer League is the organization behind most men's league soccer in Burlington. The Burlington Youth Soccer Club is the second-largest youth soccer club in North America, after the Oakville Youth Soccer Club. Soccer Club Organization of Burlington Youth (Scooby Soccer) is a unique youth soccer club with ties to DPS ACADEMY.

NEXXICE is a synchronized skating team associated with the Burlington Skating Club (and the Kitchener Waterloo Skating Club). They are the reigning Canadian Senior champions, and were the first (and only) Canadian team to win a world championship.

An ill-fated proposal existed to move the Hamilton Tiger-Cats to Burlington as part of a stadium construction plan in conjunction with a bid for the 2015 Pan Am Games.[24]

International competition[edit]

Also, Burlington, Ontario founded the Burlington International Games (B.I.G.). The games were first held in 1969 " to offer an athletic and cultural exchange experience for the youth of Burlington." Until recently, the games took place between Burlington, Ontario and Burlington, Vermont, U.S.A.. But, other cities from places such as Quebec, Japan, the Netherlands, and the U.S. have all had athletes compete since 1998. The games celebrated their 40th anniversary in 2009 and this competition ceased in 2010 due to limited participation in recent years.[25]

Notable natives[edit]

Academics[edit]

Artists and writers[edit]

Music[edit]

Sports[edit]

TV, film and stage[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

Other City Relationships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Burlington, City Ontario (Census Subdivision)". Census profile, Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. 8 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-02-24. 
  2. ^ Rayburn, Alan (1997). Place Names of Ontario. Toronto-Buffalo-London: University of Toronto Press. p. 48. ISBN 0-8020-7207-0. 
  3. ^ Template:Book = Halton Rising, Wild and Beckoning
  4. ^ Reynolds, John Lawrence (June 1993). "Sounds by the Shore: A History of Burlington, Ontario, Canada". City of Burlington. Retrieved 2008-12-07. 
  5. ^ "Niagara Escarpment Commission: Flora & Fauna". Niagara Escarpment Commission. Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  6. ^ "Burlington TS". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved April 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  8. ^ "Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  9. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ Canadian Press (2012-10-28). "Long-form census cancellation taking toll on StatsCan data: Questions raised over how data can be used reliably". CBC News (Toronto: cbc.ca). Retrieved 2012-10-28. 
  12. ^ a b Maxwell, Glynis (2005). "Burlington: Voices, Perspectives and Priorities". Burlington ON Canada: Community Development Halton. p. 14. 
  13. ^ [2] Reasons Why People Should Move to Burlington - Accessed 7/23/2013
  14. ^ Canadian Business Online. "Best places to live | Lists | MoneySense". List.moneysense.ca. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  15. ^ "McMaster Coming to Burlington". City Talk. Spring 2009. p. 1. 
  16. ^ "CSU Ontario 5yr Celebration". Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  17. ^ "Canadian passenger train crash kills three in Ontario". BBC News. 2012-02-27. 
  18. ^ Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial
  19. ^ Royal Canadian Naval Association Naval Memorial
  20. ^ [3]
  21. ^ "Burlington Performing Arts centre". Retrieved 2009-03-21. 
  22. ^ "The Brant Street Pier". The City of Burlington. Retrieved 2013-10-02. 
  23. ^ "Burlington Area Scouting Website". Burlingtonscouts.org. 2011-02-27. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  24. ^ "Tiger-Cats eye Burlington for stadium". InsideHalton Article. 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2011-03-10. 
  25. ^ City of Burlington Website, Burlington International Games[dead link]
  26. ^ Shaw, Sofia. "All Caught Up". Google Books. Retrieved 2014-10-07. 

External links[edit]