Burlington, Washington

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Burlington, Washington
City
Burlington, WA - south side 600 block of E Fairhaven Ave.jpg
Nickname(s): The Hub City
Location of Burlington in Washington
Location of Burlington in Washington
Coordinates: 48°28′19.49″N 122°19′41.69″W / 48.4720806°N 122.3282472°W / 48.4720806; -122.3282472Coordinates: 48°28′19.49″N 122°19′41.69″W / 48.4720806°N 122.3282472°W / 48.4720806; -122.3282472
Country United States
State Washington
County Skagit
Incorporated June 16, 1902
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • Mayor Steve Sexton
Area[1]
 • Total 4.42 sq mi (11.45 km2)
 • Land 4.26 sq mi (11.03 km2)
 • Water 0.16 sq mi (0.41 km2)  3.62%
Elevation 30 ft (9.1 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,388
 • Estimate (2013)[3] 8,499
 • Density 1,969.0/sq mi (760.2/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 98233
Area code 360
FIPS code 53-08920
GNIS feature ID 1512052[4]
Website City of Burlington

Burlington is a city in Skagit County, Washington, United States. The population is 8,388 as recorded by the 2010 census.[5] It is included in the Mount VernonAnacortes, Washington Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Burlington began as a logging camp, established by John P. Millett and William McKay, in 1882.[6] It was officially incorporated on June 16, 1902.

Burlington is locally famous for its proliferation of shopping malls and for having some of the best youth sports fields in Washington[citation needed]. In 2007, the city opened a new library [7] and city hall.[8]

Fairhaven Avenue[edit]

Originally, Burlington's businesses were centered around Fairhaven Avenue.[9] Today, Fairhaven Avenue is the center of Burlington's old downtown,[10] and provides a gathering place for the whole city during the annual summer Berry Dairy Days.[11]

Berry Dairy Days was originally simply known as the Strawberry Festival, and served as a fundraiser for the town's fire department for many years.[12] A 1954 article described a gigantic strawberry shortcake that was the centerpiece of that year's festival: it consisted of 60 sheets of sponge cake that took 12 hours to bake, and claimed to be the largest strawberry shortcake in the world.[12]

Flooding[edit]

The Skagit River has a long history of flooding, which has affected Burlington as well as other communities in the Skagit Valley. A 1909 newspaper article describes how a dike broke upriver "and a mountain of water came rushing down the Skagit valley and quickly inundated [Burlington]".[13] Burlington is protected by a system of dikes under the jurisdiction of Skagit County Dike District #12, which was originally incorporated in 1895.[14]

Indigent defense ruling[edit]

In December 2013, U.S. District Judge Robert Lasnik determined that Burlington had systematically violated its duty to offer effective legal representation to defendants who couldn't afford an attorney.[15][16] The ruling required Burlington and Mount Vernon to hire a public defense supervisor to ensure their defense system complies with constitutional standards.[17]

Cascade Mall[edit]

Burlington is home to Cascade Mall, a shopping mall located in the heart of the Skagit Valley. It is an enclosed, single-level 585,362 sq ft (54,382 m2). regional shopping center in Burlington, 60 miles (97 km) north of Seattle. Cascade Mall opened in the fall of 1989, during a time-period where the city of Burlington was credited by the Wall Street Journal as one of the fastest-growing and best investment opportunities of small towns in the United States.[citation needed] The mall is situated near the interchange of Interstate 5 and State Route 20. The mall is owned and managed by The Macerich Company and local management is headed by property manager Taylor Long.

Notable locals[edit]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.42 square miles (11.45 km2), of which, 4.26 square miles (11.03 km2) is land and 0.16 square miles (0.41 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,302
1920 1,360 4.5%
1930 1,407 3.5%
1940 1,632 16.0%
1950 2,350 44.0%
1960 2,968 26.3%
1970 3,138 5.7%
1980 3,894 24.1%
1990 4,349 11.7%
2000 6,757 55.4%
2010 8,388 24.1%
Est. 2013 8,499 1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
2013 Estimate[3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,388 people, 3,166 households, and 1,935 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,969.0 inhabitants per square mile (760.2 /km2). There were 3,419 housing units at an average density of 802.6 per square mile (309.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.1% White, 1.2% African American, 1.8% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 17.9% from other races, and 3.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.4% of the population.

There were 3,166 households of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.7% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.9% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.26.

The median age in the city was 32.1 years. 27.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 11.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.8% were from 25 to 44; 20.4% were from 45 to 64; and 13.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.5% male and 51.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2000 there were 6,757 people, 2,398 households, and 1,585 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,609.8 people per square mile (621.2/km²). There were 2,531 housing units at an average density of 603.0 per square mile (232.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.49% White, 0.83% African American, 1.10% Native American, 1.76% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 17.66% from other races, and 2.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.26% of the population.

There were 2,398 households out of which 38.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 14.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.30.

In the city the age distribution of the population shows 30.0% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 15.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.3 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $37,848, and the median income for a family was $42,083. Males had a median income of $35,247 versus $22,716 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,167. About 11.7% of families and 14.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.8% of those under age 18 and 16.8% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-07-21. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau FactFinder". Retrieved 27 June 2011. 
  6. ^ Majors, Harry M. (1975). Exploring Washington. Van Winkle Publishing Co. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-918664-00-6. 
  7. ^ "Library Building Project". Burlington Public Library (in en-US). City of Burlington Washington. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  8. ^ "Administration". City of Burlington (in en-US). City of Burlington Washington. Archived from the original on 23 July 2010. Retrieved 18 December 2012. 
  9. ^ "Fairhaven Ave looking East / Burlington Wash [photograph]". Hub History. 1910?. Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  10. ^ Burlington Chamber of Commerce. "Then and Now". Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Berry Dairy Days". Retrieved 18 April 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Krenmayr, Janice (13 June, 1954). "It's shortcake time in Burlington". Seattle Times. 
  13. ^ "Skagit delta is flooded". Mount Vernon Argus. 3 December, 1909. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Skagit County Dike District #12". Skagit County. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  15. ^ Liptak, Adam (4 Jan 2014). "Need-blind justice". New York Times Sunday Review. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  16. ^ Cole, Gina; Lerman, Rachel (31 December 2013). "In lawsuit’s wake, cities increase public defense budget". Skagit Valley Herald. 
  17. ^ Lerman, Rachel (29 March 2014). "Supervisor named to oversee MV, Burlington public defense efforts". Skagit Valley Herald. 
  18. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved February 24, 2014. 

External links[edit]