Burlington County, New Jersey
|Burlington County, New Jersey|
Clara Barton School in Bordentown
Location in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
|Founded||May 17, 1694|
|Named for||Bridlington, England|
|Largest city||Evesham Township (population)
Washington Township (area)
|• Total||819.84 sq mi (2,123 km2)|
|• Land||798.58 sq mi (2,068 km2)|
|• Water||21.26 sq mi (55 km2), 2.59%|
|• Density||557/sq mi (215.2/km²)|
|Congressional districts||1st, 2nd, 3rd|
Burlington County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey, and is also the largest county within the State of New Jersey. The county seat is Mount Holly Township. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 448,734, an increase of 25,340 (6.0%) from the 423,394 enumerated in the 2000 Census, retaining its position as the 11th-most populous county in the state. The most-populous place was Evesham Township, with 45,538 residents at the time of the 2010 Census, while Washington Township covered 102.71 square miles (266.0 km2), the largest total area of any municipality. The Bureau of Economic Analysis ranked the county as having the 158th-highest per capita income of all 3,113 counties in the United States (and the 11th-highest in New Jersey) as of 2009.
Burlington County is part of the Delaware Valley area, located east of the Delaware River. However, the county stretches across the state, and its southeast corner reaches tidal estuaries leading to southern New Jersey's Great Bay, which separates the county from the Atlantic Ocean.
Anglo-European records of Burlington County date to 1681, when its court was established in the Province of West Jersey. The county was formed on May 17, 1694, "by the union of the first and second Tenths." The county was named for the Bridlington, a town in England. Burlington County was also the seat of government for the Province of West Jersey until its amalgamation with East Jersey in 1702, forming the Province of New Jersey. The county was much larger and was partioned to form additional counties as the population increased. In 1714 one partition to the north became Hunterdon County, which itself was later partitioned to form three additional counties. The county seat had been in Burlington but, as the population increased in the interior, away from the Delaware River, a more central location was needed, and the seat of government was moved to Mount Holly in 1793.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 819.84 square miles (2,123.4 km2), of which 798.58 square miles (2,068.3 km2) of it (97.4%) was land and 21.26 square miles (55.1 km2) of it (2.6%) was water.
Most of the land in the county is coastal and alluvial plain with little relief. There are a few anomalous hills, such as Apple Pie Hill and Arney's Mount, the highest of not only the entire county but also among the highest in South Jersey at approximately 240 feet (73 m) above sea level. The low point is sea level along the Delaware and Mullica rivers.
|Historical sources: 1790-1990
1970-2010 2000 2010
* = Lost territory in previous decade.
At the 2010 United States Census, there were 448,734 people, 166,318 households, and 117,254 families residing in the county. The population density was 561.9 per square mile (217.0 /km2). There were 175,615 housing units at an average density of 219.9 per square mile (84.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 73.84% (331,342) White, 16.60% (74,505) Black or African American, 0.22% (985) Native American, 4.32% (19,395) Asian, 0.05% (219) Pacific Islander, 2.05% (9,193) from other races, and 2.92% (13,095) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.42% (28,831) of the population.
There were 166,318 households, of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 12% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.5% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county, 23.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 29.2% from 45 to 64, and 13.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.4 years. For every 100 females there were 96.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 423,394 people, 154,371 households, and 111,610 families residing in the county. The population density was 526 people per square mile (203/km²). There were 161,311 housing units at an average density of 200 per square mile (77/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.39% White, 15.13% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 2.69% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.48% from other races, and 2.07% from two or more races. 4.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. Among those residents listing their ancestry, 21.2% of residents were of Irish, 19.1% German, 16.3% Italian, 10.8% English and 7.1% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 154,371 households out of which 34.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 22.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.20% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $58,608, and the median income for a family was $67,481. Males had a median income of $46,381 versus $32,228 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,339. About 3.2% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2010[update], the county had a total of 2,609.74 miles (4,199.97 km) of roadways, of which 1,913.83 miles (3,080.01 km) were maintained by the local municipality, 504.18 miles (811.40 km) by Burlington County, 154.01 miles (247.86 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 37.72 miles (60.70 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.
A variety of major routes were constructed through Burlington County. Major county roads include County Route 528, County Route 530, County Route 532, County Route 534 (only in Shamong), County Route 537, County Route 541, County Route 543, County Route 545 and County Route 563. State Routes that pass through are Route 38, Route 68, Route 70, Route 72, Route 73, Route 90 (only in Cinnaminson), and Route 413 (only in Burlington). U.S. Routes that traverse are U.S. Route 9 (only in Bass River), U.S. Route 130 and U.S. Route 206. Limited access roads include the Garden State Parkway (a 7.4 miles (11.9 km) stretch in Bass River Township), Interstate 295 and the New Jersey Turnpike (a portion of Interstate 95).
The Turnpike extends through the county for approximately 30.1 miles (48.4 km) from Cherry Hill Township in Camden County to Hamilton Township in Mercer County (including the 6.5 mile (10.5 km) Turnpike Extension from the turnpike bridge over the Delaware River to the mainline at Exit 6).
Five Turnpike interchanges are located in Burlington: Exit 4 in Mount Laurel Township, Exit 5 in Westampton Township, Exit 6A in Florence Township, Exit 6 in Mansfield Township and Exit 7 in Bordentown Township.
The New Jersey Turnpike Authority plans to widen the Parkway to three lanes in each direction from exit 80 in South Toms River, Ocean County to exit 30 in Somers Point, Atlantic County, including widening of bridges at several river crossings. The Authority is also extending the 'dual-dual' configuration (inner car lanes and outer car / truck / bus lanes) south to Exit 6 from its current end at Exit 8A in Monroe Township, Middlesex County, as part of a project planned to be completed by 2014.
The Burlington County Bridge Commission is responsible for maintaining the Tacony-Palmyra Bridge and the Burlington-Bristol Bridge, both of which cross the Delaware River. In addition, the agency maintains several bridges along CR 543 including the Riverside-Delanco Bridge over the Rancocas Creek.
The River Line is a diesel light-rail system operated for New Jersey Transit by the Southern New Jersey Rail Group on a former Pennsylvania Railroad line between the Trenton Transit Center in Trenton and the Walter Rand Transportation Center and other stations in Camden, with 11 stations in the county.
New Jersey Transit operates bus service into Philadelphia on the following routes; 317, 406, 409, 414, and 417 routes, and into Camden, New Jersey only on the following routes; 407, 413, 418, 419, and 457; and to Atlantic City on the 559 route.
Academy Bus Lines operates buses from Mount Holly, Mount Laurel, Westampton, and Willingboro to New York City's Port Authority Bus Terminal and Midtown Manhattan, as well as the Wall Street area of Lower Manhattan.
The BurLink bus service provides six routes, under service funded by the county and operated by the South Jersey Transportation Authority, providing connections to New Jersey Transit's bus and rail service.
Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders consisting of five members who are elected at large by the voters of Burlington County in partisan elections and serve staggered three-year terms, with either one or two seats up for election each year in a three-year cycle. Burlington County's Freeholders have both administrative and policy making powers. Each Burlington County Freeholder oversees a particular area of service: Administration & Natural Resources; Education & Justice; Public Works & Veteran Services; Public Safety & Health and Human Services; and Hospital and Medical Services & Elections. The Board is currently completely held by Republicans.
- Director Bruce Garganio (R; Florence Township, 2014)
- Deputy Director Joseph Howarth – Director of Hospital and Medical Services / Elections (R, Evesham Township, 2014)
- Aimee Belgard (D; Edgewater Park Township, 2015)
- Joseph Donnelly - Director of Public Safety, Natural Resources, and Education (R; Cinnaminson Township, 2016)
- Joanne Schwartz - Director of Health and Corrections (D; Southampton Township, 2015)
Three federal Congressional Districts cover the county, including portions of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Districts. The seat for New Jersey's First Congressional District is currently vacant, having formerly been represented by Rob Andrews (D, Haddon Heights), who resigned on February 18, 2014. New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City). New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township).
The county is also home to the majority of 42,000-acre (17,000 ha) megabase, Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, the entire Air Force Activity / Headquarters of JB MDL McGuire Air Force Base, and all of the main portions of the Army Support Activity, Fort Dix and most training grounds / shooting ranges lie within the county borders in New Hanover, North Hanover, Pemberton, and Springfield townships.
A moderate and swing county in New Jersey politics, Burlington County in recent years has become an important area for the Republican Party, especially in more affluent communities that have developed new residential areas, such as Medford, Mount Laurel, Moorestown, and Evesham (as opposed to areas along the Delaware River occupied by minority and working class households). It does however, tend to lean and vote Democratic particularly in federal elections.
In the 2008 U.S. Presidential election, Barack Obama carried Burlington County by an 18.5% margin over John McCain, with Obama carrying the state by 14.4% over McCain. In the 2009 Gubernatorial Election, Republican Chris Christie received 48% of the vote, defeating Democrat Jon Corzine, who received around 45%.
In the 2012 General Election, Democrats Aimee Belgard and Joanne Schwartz won election, knocking off Republican incumbents Bruce Garganio and Mary Ann O’Brien, despite being outspent by a six-to-one margin.
The following municipalities are located in Burlington County. Unincorporated areas are listed within the municipalities in which they are situated. The type of government is listed in parentheses where it is not included in municipality name:
- Bass River Township
- Beverly (city)
- Bordentown Township
- Bordentown (city)
- Burlington Township
- Burlington (city)
- Chesterfield Township
- Cinnaminson Township
- Delanco Township
- Delran Township
- Eastampton Township
- Edgewater Park Township
- Evesham Township
- Fieldsboro (borough)
- Florence Township
- Hainesport Township
- Lumberton Township
- Mansfield Township
- Maple Shade Township
- Medford Lakes (borough)
- Medford Township
- Moorestown Township
- Mount Holly Township
- Mount Laurel Township
- New Hanover Township
- North Hanover Township
- McGuire Air Force Base (part)
- Palmyra (borough)
- Pemberton Township
- Pemberton (borough)
- Riverside Township
- Riverton (borough)
- Shamong Township
- Southampton Township
- Springfield Township
- Fort Dix (part)
- Tabernacle Township
- Washington Township
- Westampton Township
- Willingboro Township
- Woodland Township
- Wrightstown (borough)
Most municipalities have their own municipal courts, and the county has a Superior Court as well. Municipal courts handle traffic and minor criminal and civil matters, while Superior Court handles the more serious cases.
The Burlington County Library, became the first county library in New Jersey when it was established in 1921 in Mount Holly. Library service grew in popularity and several moves ensued as more space became a necessity. By 1971, a new headquarters facility had been constructed, Cinnaminson and Bordentown had joined the system as branches, and a bookmobile visited areas without local facilities. Medford and Evesham had joined the system by 1975. The Pemberton Branch joined the system in 1987. Maple Shade became a branch in April 2001 while Riverton, the newest branch, joined in December 2003. With a larger network of 9 additional member libraries, the system provides a range of services to its residents.
Burlington County College is a two-year public community college serving students from Burlington County. The school, located at campuses in Pemberton and Mount Laurel and was founded in 1966 and opened to students in 1969.
Climate and weather
|Mount Holly, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Mount Holly have ranged from a low of 22 °F (−6 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in February 1934 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.92 inches (74 mm) in February to 4.87 inches (124 mm) in August.
- Burlington County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
- DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- NJ Labor Market Views, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 31, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- 250 Highest Per Capita Personal Incomes of the 3113 Counties in the United States, 2009, Bureau of Economic Analysis. Accessed April 9, 2012.
- Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 93. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- Map and history of How New Jersey's counties were created, New Jersey Genealogy Solutions. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- Heavens, Alan J. "Town By Town: Mount Holly keeps people coming back", The Philadelphia Inquirer, July 21, 2013. Accessed September 30, 2013. "Mount Holly, is, of course, the Burlington County seat. It has been since 1793, and many historic buildings lining the streets near the county offices are occupied by law firms, bail-bond providers, and title companies."
- Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 11, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- State & County QuickFacts for Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Tables DP-1 to DP-4 from Census 2000 for Somerset County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 6, 2008. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- DP-2 - Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- DP-3 - Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
- Burlington County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 21, 2013.
- Garden State Parkway, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed November 21, 2013.
- Interstate 95 / New Jersey Turnpike Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2001. Accessed November 21, 2013.
- New Jersey Turnpike Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, January 1997. Accessed June 16, 2014.
- Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Garden State Parkway Milepost 30 to 80 Widening Project, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Widening Program Overview, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed October 3, 2013. "The NJ Turnpike Interchange 6 to 9 Widening Program (Widening Program) consists of approximately 35 miles of road widening and associated interchange improvements from the vicinity of Interchange 6, in Mansfield Township, Burlington County (Milepost 48) to just south of Interchange 9 in East Brunswick Township, Middlesex County (Milepost 83). The proposed improvements to the Turnpike include: Widening the mainline from 6-lanes to 12-lanes from a point approximately 2 miles south of Interchange 6 to the existing 10-lane dual-dual roadway south of Interchange 8A."
- About Our Bridges, Burlington County Bridge Commission. Accessed August 7, 2014.
- River LINE System Map, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 21, 2013.
- Burlington County Bus / Rail Connections, New jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed September 22, 2014.
- South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed September 22, 2014.
- General Information, Academy Bus. Accessed September 22, 2014.
- BurLink Bus Service, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Board of Chosen Freeholders, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- 2014 County Data Sheet, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- Bruce Garganio, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- Joseph Howarth, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- Aimee Belgard, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- Joseph B. Donnelly, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed August 4, 2014.
- 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Plan Components Report, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- 2011 Legislative Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- Colimore, Edward. "Traffic changes eyed for area of joint base", The Philadelphia Inquirer, September 3, 2011. Accessed November 2, 2013. "More than 22,000 people work at the joint base, which is surrounded by Wrightstown, New Hanover, North Hanover, Pemberton Borough, Pemberton Township, and Springfield Township in Burlington County, and Lakehurst Borough and Manchester, Jackson, and Plumsted Townships in Ocean County."
- Zimmaro, Mark. "Military bases set for merger", Burlington County Times, August 28, 2009. Accessed November 2, 2013. "The 42000-acre facility will be called Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst.... The pay discrepancies are because Fort Dix and McGuire are primarily in Burlington County, where salaries are based on Philadelphia wages."
- U.S. Election Atlas
- Levinsky, Dave. "Republicans outspent Democrats 6 to 1 in losing freeholder campaign", Burlington County Times, December 13, 2012. Accessed September 30, 2013. "Released earlier this month by the New Jersey Election Law Enforcement Commission, the campaign finance reports showed Freeholders Bruce Garganio and Mary Ann O’Brien spent a total of $642,778 in their losing effort, including $85,000 on television advertising during the last two weeks before the election.... By contrast, Democratic Freeholders-elect Aimee Belgard and Joanne Schwartz spent a combined $82,707, none on TV commercials."
- About the Library, Burlington County Library. Accessed October 9, 2013.
- College History, Burlington County College. Accessed October 3, 2013.
- "Monthly Averages for Mount Holly, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Burlington County, New Jersey.|
- Burlington County Historic Photos, Part I (Bass River Township, New Jersey to Medford Lakes, New Jersey)
- Burlington County Historic Photos, Part II (Medford Lakes, New Jersey to Wrightstown, New Jersey)
- Official County Government website
- Burlington County Library System
- Burlington County Chamber of Commerce
- Burlington County Home Health Care
- Nathaniel Rue Ewan's photographs of early houses of Burlington County, New Jersey
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