Burlington Township, New Jersey

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For the city, see Burlington, New Jersey.
Burlington Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Burlington
Burlington Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Burlington Township highlighted in Burlington County. Inset map: Burlington County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Burlington Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Burlington Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°03′44″N 74°50′13″W / 40.062164°N 74.836883°W / 40.062164; -74.836883Coordinates: 40°03′44″N 74°50′13″W / 40.062164°N 74.836883°W / 40.062164; -74.836883[1][2]
Country  United States of America
State  New Jersey
County Burlington
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Government[5]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor Brian J. Carlin (term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • Administrator Walter J. Corter[4]
 • Clerk Anthony J. Carnivale, Jr.[4]
Area[2]
 • Total 13.980 sq mi (36.209 km2)
 • Land 13.415 sq mi (34.745 km2)
 • Water 0.565 sq mi (1.463 km2)  4.04%
Area rank 178th of 566 in state
17th of 40 in county[2]
Elevation[6] 26 ft (8 m)
Population (2010 Census)[7][8][9]
 • Total 22,594
 • Estimate (2013[10]) 22,639
 • Rank 113th of 566 in state
6th of 40 in county[11]
 • Density 1,684.2/sq mi (650.3/km2)
 • Density rank 313th of 566 in state
18th of 40 in county[11]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08016[12][13]
Area code(s) 609[14]
FIPS code 3400508950[15][2][16]
GNIS feature ID 0882102[17][2]
Website www.twp.burlington.nj.us

Burlington Township is a township in Burlington County, New Jersey, United States and a suburb of Philadelphia. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 22,594,[7][8][9] reflecting an increase of 2,300 (+11.3%) from the 20,294 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 7,840 (+63.0%) from the 12,454 counted in the 1990 Census.[18]

Burlington was formed as a "Towne" by the West Jersey proprietors, and was interrelated to Burlington City during its early days. Burlington was incorporated on February 21, 1798, by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature as one of New Jersey's initial group of 104 townships. Burlington City was reincorporated within the township as of March 14, 1851, at which time a portion of the township was annexed to the city.[19]

Geography[edit]

Burlington Township is located at 40°03′44″N 74°50′13″W / 40.062164°N 74.836883°W / 40.062164; -74.836883 (40.062164,-74.836883). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 13.980 square miles (36.209 km2), of which, 13.415 square miles (34.745 km2) of it was land and 0.565 square miles (1.463 km2) of it (4.04%) was water.[1][2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,009
1810 2,419 20.4%
1820 2,758 14.0%
1830 2,670 −3.2%
1840 3,434 28.6%
1850 863 * −74.9%
1860 876 1.5%
1870 1,025 17.0%
1880 1,147 11.9%
1890 958 −16.5%
1900 1,061 10.8%
1910 1,220 15.0%
1920 1,520 24.6%
1930 2,587 70.2%
1940 2,520 −2.6%
1950 3,441 36.5%
1960 6,291 82.8%
1970 10,621 68.8%
1980 11,527 8.5%
1990 12,454 8.0%
2000 20,294 63.0%
2010 22,594 11.3%
Est. 2013 22,639 [10] 0.2%
Population sources: 1800-2000[20]
1800-1920[21] 1840[22]
1850[23] 1870[24] 1880-1890[25]
1890-1910[26] 1910-1930[27]
1930-1990[28] 2000[29][30] 2010[7][8][9]
* = Lost territory in previous decade[19]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,594 people, 7,797 households, and 5,746 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,684.2 per square mile (650.3 /km2). There were 8,105 housing units at an average density of 604.2 per square mile (233.3 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 59.00% (13,331) White, 27.98% (6,322) Black or African American, 0.15% (35) Native American, 7.04% (1,590) Asian, 0.04% (9) Pacific Islander, 2.41% (544) from other races, and 3.38% (763) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.05% (1,593) of the population.[7]

There were 7,797 households, of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.3% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.32.[7]

In the township, 26.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.5% from 45 to 64, and 12.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.[7]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $83,291 (with a margin of error of +/- $4,419) and the median family income was $101,967 (+/- $6,626). Males had a median income of $60,587 (+/- $3,161) versus $50,078 (+/- $3,792) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $32,122 (+/- $1,352). About 3.0% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.2% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.[31]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[15] there were 20,294 people, 7,112 households, and 5,277 families residing in the township. The population density was 1,506.2 people per square mile (581.7/km²). There were 7,348 housing units at an average density of 545.4 per square mile (210.6/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 67.71% White, 24.49% African American, 0.16% Native American, 3.73% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.46% from other races, and 2.41% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.01% of the population.[29][30]

There were 7,112 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.8% were non-families. 21.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.18.[29][30]

In the township the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 35.4% from 25 to 44, 19.2% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 90.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.[29][30]

The median income for a household in the township was $61,663, and the median income for a family was $70,958. Males had a median income of $49,290 versus $35,510 for females. The per capita income for the township was $24,754. About 3.4% of families and 5.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 7.5% of those age 65 or over.[29][30]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Burlington Township is governed within the Faulkner Act (formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law) under the Mayor-Council (Plan E) form of municipal government, implemented based on the recommendations of a Charter Study Commission as of January 1, 1975.[32] The governing body consists of a mayor and a seven-member Township Council, all of whom are elected at-large in partisan elections to four-year terms in office on a staggered basis as part of the November general election. Either three or four council seats are up for vote every other year in even years, with the mayoral seat up for vote during the same cycle where three council seats are up for vote.[5]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Burlington Township is Democrat Brian J. Carlin, whose term of office ends December 31, 2014. Members of the Burlington Township Council are Council President Michael K. Cantwell (D, 2014), President Pro Tem Sandra V. Stewart (D, 2014), E.L. "Pete" Green (D, 2016), Robert W. Jung (D, 2016), George M. Kozub (D, 2014), Carl M. Schoenborn (D, 2016) and Patricia "Trish" Siboczy (D, 2016).[33][33][34][35]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Burlington Township is located in the 3rd Congressional District[36] and is part of New Jersey's 7th state legislative district.[8][37][38] Prior to the 2010 Census, Burlington Township had been part of the 3rd Congressional District and the 4th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[39]

New Jersey's 3rd Congressional District is represented by Jon Runyan (R, Mount Laurel Township).[40] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[41][42] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[43][44]

The 7th district of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Diane Allen (R, Edgewater Park Township) and in the General Assembly by Herb Conaway (D, Delanco Township) and Troy Singleton (D, Palmyra).[45] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[46] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[47]

Burlington County is governed by a Board of chosen freeholders, whose five members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year.[48] The board choose a director and deputy director from among its seven members at an annual reorganization meeting held in January.[48] As of 2013, Burlington County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Joseph B. Donnelly (R, 2013; Cinnaminson Township),[49] Deputy Director Leah Arter (R, 2014; Moorestown Township),[50] Aimee Belgard (D, 2015; Edgewater Park Township),[51] Joseph Howarth (R, 2014; Evesham Township)[52] and Joanne Schwartz (D, 2015; Southampton Township).[53][48]

Education[edit]

Public school students in pre-Kindergarten through 12th grade are educated in the Burlington Township School District, under superintendent Christopher Manno. The Burlington Township School District (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[54]) are B. Bernice Young Elementary School[55] (864 students in grades pre-K to 2nd grade), Fountain Woods Elementary School[56] (932; 3-5), Burlington Township Middle School at Springside[57] (997; 6-8) and Burlington Township High School[58] (1,220; 9-12).[59][60]

The Burlington Township School District received publicity in 2009 after a video posted on YouTube by a parent without school approval showed more than a dozen children at B. Bernice Young Elementary School singing a song praising President Barack Obama, which Conservative groups cited as a means of indoctrinating students to support the President. At the conclusion of the song, the children pump their fists and chant "hip, hip, hooray!" The song had been performed in conjunction with Black History Month activities and when the author of the book I Am Barack Obama visited the school the next month[61]

Students from Burlington Township, and from all of Burlington County, are eligible to attend the Burlington County Institute of Technology, a countywide public school district that serves the vocational and technical education needs of students at the high school and post-secondary level at its campuses in Medford and Westampton Township.[62]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

The township had a total of 100.69 miles (162.04 km) of roadways, of which 78.65 miles (126.57 km) are maintained by the municipality, 15.03 miles (24.19 km) by Burlington County and 5.36 miles (8.63 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 1.65 miles (2.66 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[63]

The New Jersey Turnpike (including the Pennsylvania Extension and the turnpike bridge) passes through the township for 0.8 miles (1.3 km) from the river to Florence Township.[64] While there is no turnpike interchange is within the township's borders, it is accessible in neighboring Florence Township (at Exit 6A on the Pennsylvania Extension) and Westampton Townships (at Interchange 5, which is signed for Burlington-Mount Holly).[65]

Other roads that pass through Burlington Township include U.S. Route 130, Interstate 295 and County Road 541.

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides bus service in the city between Trenton and Philadelphia on the 409 route and between Burlington and Camden on the 413 and 419 routes.[66][67]

The New Jersey Transit River Line light rail system provides transportation between the Trenton Transit Center in Trenton and the Walter Rand Transportation Center (and other stations) in Camden, with stops in Burlington City at Burlington South[68] and Burlington Towne Centre,[69] but not in Burlington Township itself.[70]

Business and industry[edit]

Burlington Coat Factory has its headquarters in the township.[71]

Burlington Center Mall

Regal Movie Theater

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Burlington Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed Accessed June 6, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ a b Municipal Services Directory 2013, Township of Burlington. Accessed August 14, 2013.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 38.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Burlington, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 4, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Burlington township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2012.
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 4. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Burlington township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed June 18, 2012.
  10. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  11. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  12. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Burlington, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed June 18, 2012.
  13. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  14. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Burlington, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  15. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed June 17, 2012.
  17. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed June 18, 2012.
  19. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 94. Accessed June 18, 2012.
  20. ^ Barnett, Bob. Population Data for Burlington County Municipalities, 1800 - 2000, WestJersey.org, January 6, 2011. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  22. ^ Bowen, Francis. American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1843, p. 231, David H. Williams, 1842. Accessed June 5, 2013.
  23. ^ Debow, James Dunwoody Brownson. The Seventh Census of the United States: 1850, p. 137. R. Armstrong, 1853. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  24. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  25. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 97. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed July 8, 2013. Population of Burlington Township is listed as 7,237 for 1880 and 8,222 for 1890, inclusive of the population of Burlington city of 6,090 in 1880 and 7,264 in 1890, with the township's population calculated via subtraction.
  26. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 335. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  27. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 714. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  28. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed June 4, 2013.
  29. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Burlington township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  30. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Burlington township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  31. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Burlington township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 18, 2012.
  32. ^ "The Faulkner Act: New Jersey's Optional Municipal Charter Law", New Jersey State League of Municipalities, July 2007. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  33. ^ a b Mayor/Council 2013, Township of Burlington. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  34. ^ November 6, 2012 Summary Report Burlington County Amended Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, December 11, 2012. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  35. ^ November 2, 2010 Summary Report Burlington County Official Results, Burlington County, New Jersey, December 23, 2010. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  36. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  37. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  38. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  39. ^ 2011 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 55, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  40. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  41. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  42. ^ Nutt, Amy Ellis (October 31, 2013). "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in". NJ.com/Associated Press. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  43. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  44. ^ Senators of the 113th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  45. ^ Legislative Roster 2012-2013 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 11, 2012.
  46. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  47. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  48. ^ a b c Staff. Meet the Freeholders, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  49. ^ Joseph B. Donnelly, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
  50. ^ Leah Arter, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
  51. ^ Aimee Belgard, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  52. ^ Joseph Howarth, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed January 5, 2013.
  53. ^ Joanne Schwartz, Burlington County, New Jersey. Accessed November 27, 2013.
  54. ^ Data for the Burlington Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed July 8, 2013.
  55. ^ B. Bernice Young Elementary School, Burlington Township School District. Accessed August 14, 2013.
  56. ^ Fountain Woods Elementary School, Burlington Township School District. Accessed August 14, 2013.
  57. ^ Burlington Township Middle School at Springside, Burlington Township School District. Accessed August 14, 2013.
  58. ^ Burlington Township High School, Burlington Township School District. Accessed August 14, 2013.
  59. ^ The Schools of Burlington Township, Burlington Township School District. Accessed August 14, 2013.
  60. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Burlington Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 14, 2013.
  61. ^ Kates, Brian. "Conservatives plan protest over pro-Obama song at New Jersey's B. Bernice Young School", Daily News (New York), October 12, 2009. Accessed July 1, 2011. "The songs drew national attention when their performances at the B. Bernice Young School in Burlington Township were posted on YouTube last month. In it, second graders sing: 'Mmm, mmm, mmm, Barack Hussein Obama/He said that all must lend a hand/ To make this country strong again.' ... Conservatives say the songs show children being indoctrinated to idolize Obama. School officials deny the allegation."
  62. ^ Why Choose BCIT?, Burlington County Institute of Technology. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  63. ^ Burlington County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  64. ^ Interstate 95 / New Jersey Turnpike Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, October 2001. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  65. ^ Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  66. ^ Burlington County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of January 28, 2010. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  67. ^ South Jersey Transit Guide, Cross County Connection, as of April 1, 2010. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  68. ^ Burlington South station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  69. ^ Burlington Towne Centre station, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  70. ^ River LINE System map, New Jersey Transit. Accessed November 21, 2013.
  71. ^ Corporate Addresses, Burlington Coat Factory. Accessed July 1, 2011.
  72. ^ Staff. " Local man advances on TV dance contest", Burlington County Times, July 9, 2006. Accessed November 21, 2013. "Dancer Musa Cooper of Burlington Township continues to advance in the FOX-TV reality series, So You Think You Can Dance.".
  73. ^ via Associated Press. "Thomas P. Foy, 53; served as assemblyman and senator", The Record, September 3, 2004. Accessed November 21, 2013. "Mr. Foy began his political career as a Burlington Township councilman; his brother, Joseph, is the mayor there."

External links[edit]