The Burma Division was a static formation of the British Indian Army. It was created as part of the 1903 reforms of the Indian Army by Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener then Commander-in-Chief, India. The task of such formations was to oversee area brigades commanding Internal Security troops. The formation is best thought of as a provincial or district command rather than as an infantry division.
The headquarters of the division was at Maymyo.
At the start of World War I the division consisted of:
- Rangoon Brigade, Brigadier General Johnstone
- Mandalay Brigade, Major General Raitt