Burma Workers Party

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Burma Workers Party
Leader Thakin Chit Maung, Thakin Lwin
Founded 1950
Dissolved 1962
Membership  (1957) 3000
Ideology Marxism-Leninism
State seal of Myanmar.svg
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Burma

The Burma Workers Party, until 1958 the Burma Workers and Peasants Party, was a communist party in Burma, formed on December 8, 1950, by leftist elements of the Socialist Party. In December 1962 it merged with the People's Comrade Party to form the United Workers Party. In March 1964, it was among the many parties banned by decree of the Revolutionary Council.[1]

History[edit]

The founders of BWPP were 42 leading cadres of the Socialist Party, who denounced the leadership of Ba Swe and Kyaw Nyein. These included Thakin Chit Maung, Thakin Hla Kywe, Thakin Lwin and U Ba Nyein.[1] Within the Socialist Party discussions had emerged on issues like the affiliation of the Trade Union Congress (Burma) to the World Federation of Trade Unions. Under the leadership of Thakin Lwin, the TUC(B) had steered towards an openly communist line. In the May Day rally of 1950, TUC(B) demonstrators had carried large portraits of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Vladimir Lenin, Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong. Thakin Lwin had publicly declared that TUC(B) followed the 'communist party line', but denounced the White Flag Communist Party, Red Flag Communist Party and Josip Broz Tito as 'deviationists'. Except for Thakin Lwin, a major leader amongst the founders of BWPP was Thakin Chit Maung who was a leader of the All Burma Peasants Organisation.[2][3]

BWPP was a Marxist-Leninist party. It considered the AFPFL government as servants of imperialism. However, unlike the White Flag and Red Flag communist parties the BWPP worked as a legal political parties.[2][3] The party was sometimes nicknamed as 'Red Socialists'.[4]

At the time of its foundation, the party had ten MPs amongst its members. In the 1951 election, the strength of the BWPP parliamentary faction increased to twelve. Ahead of the 1956 legislative election, BWPP launched the National United Front in 1955. In the elections the NUF won 48 seats.[5]

In June 1957 Prime Minister U Nu made a deal with BWPP to be able to defeat a no confidence vote in the parliament.[3]

The first party congress of BWPP has held in Rangoon December 27, 1957-January 2, 1958, during which the name 'Burma Workers Party' was adopted. At the congress 259 delegates, representing 22 districts and around 3000 party members, were present. The congress adopted five main slogans: "(1) One party our strength, one party our aim!; (2) Let us separate ourselves from Capitalists and their like; Let us form alliance with those who are true to us and our Cause!; (3) Let us define our political aim clearly and keep Democracy in view!; (4) Internal Peace through Democracy!; (5) Afro-Asian Alliance for world peace!"[3]

The congress elected various leadership committees:

  • Politburo: Thakin Chit Maung, Thakin Lwin, U Ba Nyein, Boh Mya Thway, Thakin Ba Han, Aung Ban.
  • Party Unification Commission: Thakin Hla Kyway, Sein Mya, Than (Prome), Than Myint, Tin Tun.
  • Propaganda Commission: Thakin Lu Aye, Thu, Thakin Aye-Che, Than Lay, Aung Than.
  • Treasury Commission: Thakin Ba Han, Thakin Lay Maung, Thakin Than.[3]

After the declaration of 'Burmese Way to Socialism' by the Ne Win regime, BWP was marginalized. In the end of 1962, BWP and the People's Comrade Party merged into the United Workers Party.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bečka, Jan (1995) "Burma Workers' and Peasants' Party (BWPP)" Historical Dictionary of Myanmar Scarecrow Press, Metuchen, New Jersey, p. 55, ISBN 0-8108-2840-5
  2. ^ a b Fleischmann, Klaus. Die Kommunistische Partei Birmas - Von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Hamburg: Institut für Asienkunde, 1989. p. 165.
  3. ^ a b c d e Josey, Alex. The Political Significance of the Burma Workers Party in Pacific Affairs, Vol. 31, No. 4. (Dec., 1958), pp. 372-379.
  4. ^ Burmanet » Agence France Presse: Veteran socialist Myanmar freedom fighter Chit Maung dies at 90
  5. ^ Fleischmann, Klaus. Die Kommunistische Partei Birmas - Von den Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart. Hamburg: Institut für Asienkunde, 1989. p. 166.
  6. ^ Schism and Secession: The Split Parties