Burmese–Siamese wars

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The Burmese–Siamese wars were a series of wars fought between Burma and Siam from the 16th to 19th centuries.[1][2]

Toungoo–Ayutthaya[edit]

No. Name Results Notes
1 Burmese–Siamese War (1548) Siamese defensive victory First Siege of Ayutthaya
Siam defeats first Burmese invasion
2 Burmese–Siamese War (1563–1564) Burmese victory Second Siege of Ayutthaya
Siam becomes Burmese vassal (1564–1568)
3 Burmese–Siamese War (1568–1569) Burmese victory Third Siege of Ayutthaya
Siam again becomes Burmese vassal (1569–1584)
4 Burmese–Siamese War (1584–1593) Siamese victory Fourth Siege of Ayutthaya
Siam regains independence; regains lower Tenasserim coast to Tavoy (Dawei)
5 Burmese–Siamese War (1594–1605) Siamese victory Siamese invasions of Burma
Siam conquers the entire Tenasserim coast to Martaban (1594)
Lan Na (Chiang Mai) becomes Siamese vassal (1602–1614)[3]
6 Burmese–Siamese War (1613–1614) Burmese victory Burma regains Lan Na and upper Tenasserim coast to Tavoy
7 Burmese–Siamese War (1662–1664) Burmese defensive victory Burma defends Lan Na and upper Tenasserim coast
8 Burmese–Siamese War (1675–1676) Burmese defensive victory
Siamese defensive victory
Burma defends upper Tenasserim coast (1675)
Siam defeats counter Burmese invasion (1675–1676)
9 Burmese–Siamese War (1700–1701) Siamese defensive victory Siam defeats Burmese invasion

Konbaung–Ayutthaya[edit]

No. Name Results Notes
1 Burmese–Siamese War (1759–60) Burmese victory Fifth Siege of Ayutthaya
Burma regains upper Tenasserim coast to Tavoy
2 Burmese–Siamese War (1765–67) Burmese victory Sixth Siege of Ayutthaya
Burma conquers lower Tenasserim coast; end of Ayutthaya Kingdom

Konbaung–Bangkok[edit]

No. Name Results Notes
1 Burmese–Siamese War (1775–1776) Siamese defensive victory Burma fails to recover southern Lan Na (Chiang Mai)
2 Burmese–Siamese War (1785–1786) Siamese defensive victory Siam defeats Burmese invasion
Siam gains control of northern Lan Na (Chiang Saen), and Chan and Mook defend Thalang
3 Burmese–Siamese War (1787) Burmese defensive victory Burma defends Tenasserim coast
4 Burmese–Siamese War (1792) Burmese defensive victory Burma defends Tenasserim coast
Siam formally cedes Tennaserim to Burma per treaty (1793)[4]
5 Burmese–Siamese War (1797) Siamese defensive victory Siam defends Lan Na and Luang Phrabang
6 Burmese–Siamese War (1803–1808) Burmese defensive victory Burma defends Kengtung and Sipsongpanna; fails to regain Chiang Saen
7 Burmese–Siamese War (1809–1812) Siamese defensive victory Siam defends Junkceylon; credited to Maha Senanurak
8 First Anglo-Burmese War (1824 – 1826) Beginning of the end of Burmese independence Siam takes no serious part, but as a nominal British ally, secures a treaty with the UK
9 Burmese–Siamese War (1849–1855) Burmese defensive victory Burma defends Kengtung[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Harvey, pp. xxviii-xxx
  2. ^ James, p. 302
  3. ^ Fernquest, SOAS, pp. 51–52
  4. ^ Symes, SOAS, p. 98
  5. ^ Hardiman, pp. 408-409

References[edit]

  • Fernquest, Jon (Spring 2005). "The Flight of Lao War Captives from Burma Back to Laos in 1596: A Comparison of Historical Sources". SOAS Bulletin of Burma Research (SOAS, University of London) 3 (1). ISSN 1479-8484. 
  • Hardiman, John Percy (1901). Sir James George Scott, ed. Gazetteer of Upper Burma and Shan States Part 2 1. Government Press, British Burma. 
  • Harvey, G. E. (1925). History of Burma: From the Earliest Times to 10 March 1824. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd. 
  • James, Helen (2004). "Burma-Siam Wars and Tenasserim". In Keat Gin Ooi. Southeast Asia: a historical encyclopedia, from Angkor Wat to East Timor, Volume 2. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 1-57607-770-5. 
  • Steinberg, David Joel (1987). David Joel Steinberg, ed. In Search of South-East Asia. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press. 
  • Siam Society (1904). The Journal of the Siam Society 1–3. Bangkok: Siam Society. 
  • Symes, Michael (Spring 2006). "An Account of an Embassy to the Kingdom of Ava, Sent by the Governor-General of India, in the year of 1795". SBBR (SOAS, University of London) 4. 
  • Wyatt, David K. (2003). History of Thailand (2 ed.). Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-08475-7.