Burnet County, Texas
|Burnet County, Texas|
The Burnet County Courthouse in Burnet
Location in the state of Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
|Founded||February 5, 1852|
|Named for||David Gouverneur Burnet|
|Largest city||Marble Falls|
|• Total||1,021 sq mi (2,644 km2)|
|• Land||996 sq mi (2,580 km2)|
|• Water||25 sq mi (65 km2), 2.44|
|• Density||34/sq mi (13/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Burnet County (// BUR-nit) is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,750. Its county seat is Burnet. The county was founded in 1852 and is named for David Gouverneur Burnet, the first (provisional) president of the Republic of Texas. The name of the county is pronounced with the emphasis or accent on the first syllable, just as its namesake David Burnet.
During the 1820s-1830s Stephen F. Austin and Green DeWitt surveying and Indian fighting explorations. In 1849 the United States established Fort Croghan and in 1848 First settlers arrived in the county, Samuel Eli Holland, Logan Vandeveer, Peter Kerr, William Harrison Magill, Noah Smithwick, Captain Jesse B. Burnham, R. H. Hall, Adam Rankin "Stovepipe" Johnson and Captain Christian Dorbandt. In 1851 Twenty Mormon families under the leadership of Lyman Wight establish a colony at Hamilton Creek, later to be known as Morman Mill.
In 1860 there were 235 slaves in Burnet County
After the war some former slaves left the county, but many stayed. A group of them settled on land in the eastern part of Oatmeal. In 1870 the black population of the county had increased to 358, keeping pace with the growth of the total number of residents; the number of blacks had fallen to 248 by 1880, however, and the number of new white residents was such that after 1890, blacks represented less than 3 percent of the total population. Some found work on farms and ranches, but by the turn of the century many had moved into the Marble Falls area to work in town.
During 1882-1903 Railroad tracks to Burnet, Granite Mountain, Marble Falls, Lampasas. Lake Victor and Bertram become shipping point communities. Other communities lose population as the railroad offers employment. During the Great Depression County farmers suffered financially but found work with government sponsored public-works projects. The Lower Colorado River Authority employed hundreds of people for the construction of the Hamilton (Buchanan) Dam and Roy B. Inks Dam.
- Lampasas County (north)
- Bell County (northeast)
- Williamson County (east)
- Travis County (southeast)
- Blanco County (south)
- Llano County (west)
- San Saba County (northwest)
National protected area
As of the census of 2000, there were 34,147 people, 13,133 households, and 9,665 families residing in the county. The population density was 34 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 15,933 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 89.64% White, 1.52% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.24% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 14.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,133 households out of which 30.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.50% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.00% from 18 to 24, 26.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 93.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $37,921, and the median income for a family was $43,871. Males had a median income of $30,255 versus $20,908 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,850. About 7.90% of families and 10.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 7.90% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
- Cottonwood Shores
- Granite Shoals
- Highland Haven
- Horseshoe Bay (partially in other counties)
- Marble Falls
- Kingsland (partially in Llano Co. as well)
- Lake Victor
- Mormon Mill
- Sherwood Shores
- Adam R. "Stovepipe" Johnson, Confederate general and the 1887 founder of Marble Falls, despite being blinded during the war.
- Gerald Lyda (1923–2005), general contractor and cattle rancher, born and raised in Burnet County.
- Logan Vandeveer, early Texas soldier, ranger, cattleman and civic leader. Vandeveer was a leader in presenting the petition to the legislature in 1852 to establish Burnet County and was instrumental in having the town of Burnet named the county seat.
- List of museums in Central Texas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Burnet County, Texas
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Smryl, Vivian Elizabeth. "Burnet County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- "Fort Croghan". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 29 November 2010.
- Goble, Carole A (2009). "Fort Croghan and the First Settlers". Burnet (Images of America). Arcadia Publishing. pp. 9–30. ISBN 978-0-7385-7121-8.
- Bible, Edna Marie (2006). Never Go First. Trafford Publishing. p. 18. ISBN 978-1-4120-4016-7.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Burnet County, Texas.|
- Burnet County government’s website
- Burnet County tourism office
- Burnet County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Burnet County TXGenWeb Project
- Burnet Bulletin newspaper
- The Highlander newspaper
||San Saba County||Lampasas County||Bell County|
|Llano County||Williamson County|
|Blanco County||Travis County|