Burns, Kansas

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Burns, Kansas
City
Burns United Methodist Church in 2010
Burns United Methodist Church in 2010
Location within Marion County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Marion County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 38°5′26″N 96°53′14″W / 38.09056°N 96.88722°W / 38.09056; -96.88722Coordinates: 38°5′26″N 96°53′14″W / 38.09056°N 96.88722°W / 38.09056; -96.88722[1]
Country United States
State Kansas
County Marion
Platted 1880
Incorporated 1905
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Mayor Ron Goodwin [2]
 • City Clerk Carol Callahan [2]
Area[3]
 • Total 0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)
 • Land 0.35 sq mi (0.91 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation[1] 1,499 ft (457 m)
Population (2010)[4][5]
 • Total 228
 • Estimate (2012) 224
 • Density 650/sq mi (250/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 66840
Area code 620
FIPS code 20-09450 [1]
GNIS feature ID 0478038 [1]
Website BurnsKS.com
W i k i p e d i a

Burns is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States.[1] The city name came from a nearby train station, which was named prior to the city being incorporated.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 228.[7]

History[edit]

1915 Railroad Map of Marion County

Early history[edit]

For many millennia, the Great Plains of North America was inhabited by nomadic Native Americans. From the 16th century to 18th century, the Kingdom of France claimed ownership of large parts of North America. In 1762, after the French and Indian War, France secretly ceded New France to Spain, per the Treaty of Fontainebleau. In 1802, Spain returned most of the land to France, but keeping title to about 7,500 square miles.

19th century[edit]

In 1803, most of the land for modern day Kansas was acquired by the United States from France as part of the 828,000 square mile Louisiana Purchase for 2.83 cents per acre. In 1848, after the Mexican-American War, the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo with Spain brought into the United States all or part of land for ten future states, including southwest Kansas. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized, then in 1861 Kansas became the 34th U.S. state. In 1855, Marion County was established within the Kansas Territory, which included the land for modern day Burns.[8]

In 1877, the Florence, El Dorado, and Walnut Valley Railroad Company built a branch line from Florence to El Dorado, and a station called Burns was built north of the present city location. In 1881, the rail line was extended to Douglass, and later to Arkansas City.[6][9] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence through Burns to El Dorado was abandoned in 1942.[10] The original branch line connected Florence, Burns, De Graff, El Dorado, Augusta, Douglass, Rock, Akron, Winfield, Arkansas City.

At the present location, a city named St. Francis was platted on August 1880. When the town incorporated, they discovered the official city name of St. Francis was already taken, so they changed the name to be the same as the nearby Burns train station, then soon afterward the station was moved into the new city. The original station was named after a railroad company official.[6]

A post office was established in Burns on November 30, 1880.[11]

21st century[edit]

In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was constructed 6.5 miles west of Burns, north to south through Marion County, with much controversy over road damage, tax exemption, and environmental concerns (if a leak ever occurs).[12][13][14] A pumping station named Burns was built 2 miles north of Potwin.[15]

Geography[edit]

Burns is located at 38°5′26″N 96°53′14″W / 38.09056°N 96.88722°W / 38.09056; -96.88722 (38.090692, -96.887103),[1] in the scenic Flint Hills. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.35 square miles (0.91 km2), all of it land.[3] The south city limits of Burns is the county line shared between Marion County and Butler County.

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Burns has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[16]

Area events[edit]

Area attractions[edit]

Burns has one listing on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).

  • 1905 Burns Union School[18] (NRHP), south-west corner of Main St and Ohio Ave. Burns Union School was the first consolidated grade and high school in Kansas. The school was the first to use a school "bus" in Kansas, which were special-order wagons in 1904. The building currently houses the Burns Community Museum.[19]

Films[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 489
1920 622 27.2%
1930 455 −26.8%
1940 409 −10.1%
1950 294 −28.1%
1960 314 6.8%
1970 268 −14.6%
1980 224 −16.4%
1990 226 0.9%
2000 268 18.6%
2010 228 −14.9%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 228 people, 93 households, and 59 families residing in the city. The population density was 651.4 inhabitants per square mile (251.5 /km2). There were 112 housing units at an average density of 320.0 per square mile (123.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.9% White, 1.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Pacific Islander, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.9% of the population.

There were 93 households of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.6% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.6% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.14.

The median age in the city was 38 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.2% were from 25 to 44; 27.1% were from 45 to 64; and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 53.9% male and 46.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[23] of 2000, there were 268 people, 101 households, and 79 families residing in the city. The population density was 755.6 people per square mile (295.6/km²). There were 116 housing units at an average density of 327.1 per square mile (128.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.51% White, 0.75% African American and 0.75% Native American.

There were 101 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.4% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.8% were non-families. 17.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 107.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.1 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $33,500, and the median income for a family was $39,000. Males had a median income of $22,143 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,990. About 7.5% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.8% of those under the age of eighteen and 9.8% of those sixty five or over.

Government[edit]

The Burns government consists of a mayor and five council members. The council meets the 2nd Tuesday of each month at 7PM.[2][24]

  • City Hall, 102 N Washington Ave.
  • Fire Department, 509 Church Ave.
  • U.S. Post Office, 111 Washington Ave.

Education[edit]

Burns Union School, now Burns Community Museum, in 2010.

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Burns is part of Unified School District 398.[25][26] All students attend schools in Peabody at two schools:

Peabody-Burns High School Sports Championships

Historical

The Burns High School was closed in 1965, and the Burns Grade School (including Junior High) was closed in 1997.

Burns High School Sports Championships

  • 1953, 1st Place, Class B, High School Boys Basketball, Head Coach Harvey Loy.[29][30]

Private Schools[edit]

Library[edit]

The city is served by the Burns Public Library at 104 North Washington Avenue. The library is a member of the North Central Kansas Libraries System, which provides an inter-library book loan service between its members.

Media[edit]

Print[edit]

Radio[edit]

Burns is served by numerous radio stations of the Wichita-Hutchinson listening market area,[31] and satellite radio. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Television[edit]

Burns is served by over-the-air ATSC digital TV of the Wichita-Hutchinson viewing market area,[32] cable TV by Allegiance Communications, and satellite TV. See Media in Wichita, Kansas.

Infrastructure[edit]

Transportation[edit]

U.S. Route 77 highway runs north-south on the east side of Burns, and follows roughly parallel to the old railway.

Utilities[edit]

  • Internet
  • TV
  • Electricity
  • Water
    • City is provided by City of Burns.
    • Rural is provided by Butler County RWD #7.
  • Sewer is provided by City of Burns.
  • Trash is provied by City of Florence.

See also[edit]

Truck hauling 36-Inch pipe to build Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) west of Burns at corner of Timber Rd and 20th St in Marion County. (Whitewater Center Church in background), in 2010.

Further reading[edit]

  • Burns, Kansas: 100-Years, 1880-1980.; Burns Centennial Committee; 1980.
  • Days to Remember: The Burns Community, 1864-1970; Hazel C. Bruner; Mennonite Press; 1970.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Burns, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
  2. ^ a b c Burns - Directory of Public Officials
  3. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  5. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  6. ^ a b c Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
  7. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ The History of Marion County and Courthouse
  9. ^ 1935 Rand McNally Standard Map of Kansas
  10. ^ Railway Abandonment 1942
  11. ^ "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 14 June 2014. 
  12. ^ Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010.
  13. ^ Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010.
  14. ^ Keystone Pipeline - County ask TransCanada for pipeline emergency plan; Hillsboro Free Press; February 15, 2011.
  15. ^ Keystone Pipeline - Burns Pumping Station - New Powerline Map; Trow Engineering Consultants and TransCanda; 2010.
  16. ^ Climate Summary for Burns, Kansas
  17. ^ Route 77 Classic Car Show on May 2010 - YouTube Video
  18. ^ National Register of Historic Places - Burns Union School
  19. ^ Burns Area Attractions
  20. ^ Mars Attacks - Film Locations 1
  21. ^ Mars Attacks - Film Locations 2
  22. ^ Mars Attacks - Film Locations 3
  23. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  24. ^ Burns - Government
  25. ^ USD 398
  26. ^ Kansas School District Boundary Map
  27. ^ Historic Kansas High School Football Playoff List.
  28. ^ Fran-tic Climb; The Topeka Capital-Journal; November 1, 2003.
  29. ^ Historic Kansas High School Basketball Playoff List.
  30. ^ Team camaraderie still exists after decades; Peabody Gazette-Bulletin; May 18, 2011.
  31. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson Radio market.
  32. ^ Wichita-Hutchinson TV market.

External links[edit]

City
Schools
Historical
Maps