Burnt Ranch, California

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Burnt Ranch
census-designated place
Burnt Ranch is located in California
Burnt Ranch
Burnt Ranch
Position in California.
Coordinates: 40°48′38″N 123°28′46″W / 40.81056°N 123.47944°W / 40.81056; -123.47944Coordinates: 40°48′38″N 123°28′46″W / 40.81056°N 123.47944°W / 40.81056; -123.47944
Country  United States
State  California
County Trinity
Area[1]
 • Total 13.381 sq mi (34.658 km2)
 • Land 13.380 sq mi (34.655 km2)
 • Water 0.001 sq mi (0.003 km2)  0.01%
Elevation[2] 1,502 ft (458 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 281
 • Density 21/sq mi (8.1/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP Code 95527
Area code(s) 530
GNIS feature ID 2582954
U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Burnt Ranch, California

Burnt Ranch is a census-designated place (CDP) in Trinity County, California.[2] It has a school and a post office. The ZIP Code is 95527. The community is inside area code 530. Burnt Ranch sits at an elevation of 1,502 feet (458 m).[2] The 2010 United States census reported Burnt Ranch's population was 281.

History[edit]

In prehistoric times, the area was inhabited by people speaking a form of the Chimariko language, which was spoken along the Trinity River from the mouth of South Fork at Salyer as far upstream as Big Bar; their principal village was at present-day Burnt Ranch.[3]

Burnt Ranch is so named because Canadian miners burned down an Indian rancheria here in 1849.[4][5]

On 2 August 1858, J.W. Winslet's party of 16 men from Burnt Ranch were ambushed by the Whilkut in the Bald Hills along a trail to the Hupa villages, killing one man and wounding Winslet; the party retreated to Pardee's Ranch.[6][7]

Burnt Ranch was destroyed in the spring of 1863 by an Indian raiding party.

"On the Trinity, for many miles above its confluence with the Klamath, there were indications of a general uprising of discontented tribes. At Cedar Flat a trading post was attacked and destroyed, the keeper and another man escaping to Burnt Ranch. The family at Burnt Ranch was removed to a safer locality, and none too soon; one day thereafter the Indians arrived and set fire to everything that would burn." [8]

Burnt Ranch became a temporary camp from May to November 1864, used by 1st Battalion California Volunteer Mountaineers while moving Indians to Fort Humboldt.[9]

The novelist Bryan Malessa wrote The Flight while living at a remote ranch at the end of Friedrich Road (Forest Route 5N25), now blocked by a gate.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP covers an area of 13.4 square miles (35 km2), 99.99% of it land and 0.01% of it water

Climate[edit]

This region experiences warm (but not hot) and dry summers, with no average monthly temperatures above 71.6 °F. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Burnt Ranch has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate, abbreviated "Csb" on climate maps.[10]

Demographics[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[11] reported that Burnt Ranch had a population of 281. The population density was 21.0 people per square mile (8.1/km²). The racial makeup of Burnt Ranch was 241 (85.8%) White, 0 (0.0%) African American, 15 (5.3%) Native American, 4 (1.4%) Asian, 0 (0.0%) Pacific Islander, 1 (0.4%) from other races, and 20 (7.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19 persons (6.8%).

The Census reported that 281 people (100% of the population) lived in households, 0 (0%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 129 households, out of which 22 (17.1%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 62 (48.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 7 (5.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 4 (3.1%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 6 (4.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2 (1.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 48 households (37.2%) were made up of individuals and 14 (10.9%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18. There were 73 families (56.6% of all households); the average family size was 2.88.

The population was spread out with 38 people (13.5%) under the age of 18, 12 people (4.3%) aged 18 to 24, 53 people (18.9%) aged 25 to 44, 119 people (42.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 59 people (21.0%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 52.1 years. For every 100 females there were 124.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 127.1 males.

There were 157 housing units at an average density of 11.7 per square mile (4.5/km²), of which 106 (82.2%) were owner-occupied, and 23 (17.8%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0%; the rental vacancy rate was 8.0%. 230 people (81.9% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 51 people (18.1%) lived in rental housing units.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Burnt Ranch is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Mike McGuire,[12] and the 2nd Assembly District, represented by Democrat Jim Wood.[13]

Federally, Burnt Ranch is in California's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Jared Huffman.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Burnt Ranch, California
  3. ^ Golla, Victor (2011) California Indian Languages. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26667-4.
  4. ^ De Massey, Ernest, A Frenchman in the Gold Rush, California Historical Society, 1927 - 183 pages, page 100, reprinted: Kessinger Publishing, September 2010, ISBN 9781163174647
  5. ^ Gudde, Erwin Gustav California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names, University of California Press, 1960
  6. ^ Fight with Indians - One Man Killed and One Wounded, Weekly Humboldt Times, August 7, 1858: p. 2, col. 3.
  7. ^ Bledsoe, Anthony Jennings, Indian wars of the Northwest: A California sketch, Bacon and Co., San Francisco, 1885, pp. 233-237
  8. ^ Bledsoe, Anthony Jennings, Indian wars of the Northwest: A California sketch, Bacon and Co., San Francisco, 1885, p. 410
  9. ^ Historic California Posts: Camp Burnt Ranch, California State Military Department, The California Military Museum
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Burnt Ranch, California
  11. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Burnt Ranch CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Senators". State of California. Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Members Assembly". State of California. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  14. ^ "California's 2nd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013.