Burnupena papyracea

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Burnupena papyracea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Caenogastropoda
clade Hypsogastropoda
clade Neogastropoda
Superfamily: Buccinoidea
Family: Buccinidae
Subfamily: Buccininae
Genus: Burnupena
Species: B. papyracea
Binomial name
Burnupena papyracea
(Bruguière, 1789)
Synonyms[1]
  • Buccinum anglicanum Gmelin, 1791
  • Buccinum britanicum Röding, 1798
  • Buccinum norvegicum Lamarck, 1816
  • Buccinum papyraceum Bruguière, 1789 (basionym)
  • Burnupena papyracea f. anglicanum (Gmelin, 1791)

Burnupena papyracea, common name the papery burnupena, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Buccinidae, the true whelks.[1]

Description[edit]

60mm, The shell is dull brown with fine ridges along the spirals and a papery outer layer that peels off when dead, but in life is usually encrusted by the commensal bryozoan Alcyonidium nodosum which gives a slightly nodular velvety appearance in purplish to orangy browns[2] Easily confused in the field with B. pubescens, which does not reach the same maximum size.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Namibia to Hermanus, subtidally to 37m, Endemic.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Burnupena papyracea .  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 14 July 2012.
  2. ^ Branch, G.M., Branch, M.L, Griffiths, C.L. and Beckley, L.E. (2010). Two Oceans: a guide to the marine life of southern Africa Struik Nature, Cape Town. ISBN 978 1 77007 772 0
  3. ^ a b Jones, Georgina. A field guide to the marine animals of the Cape Peninsula. SURG, Cape Town, 2008. ISBN978-0-620-41639-9
  • Steyn, D.G. & Lussi, M. (1998) Marine Shells of South Africa. An Illustrated Collector’s Guide to Beached Shells. Ekogilde Publishers, Hartebeespoort, South Africa, ii + 264 pp. page(s): 110
  • Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg
  • Kilburn R.N., Marais J.P. & Fraussen K. (2010) Buccinidae. Pp. 16-52, in: Marais A.P. & Seccombe A.D. (eds), Identification guide to the seashells of South Africa. Volume 1. Groenkloof: Centre for Molluscan Studies. 376 pp.

External links[edit]