|Type||Limited Liability Partnership|
|Founder(s)||Sir Edmund Happold|
|Headquarters||Bath, Somerset, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Mike Cook, Chairman and Senior Partner
Paul Westbury, CEO
|Services||engineering consulting, Construction management, Media production, and business services|
|Revenue||GB£112 million (2012/13)|
|Divisions||Buro Happold, Buro Happold Ltd, Buro Happold Ingenieurburo GmBH, Happold Consulting Ltd, Happold Media Ltd, Happold Safe & Secure Ltd|
Buro Happold is a professional services firm providing engineering consultancy, design, planning, project management and consulting services for all aspects of buildings, infrastructure and the environment, with its head office in Bath, Somerset. It was founded in 1976, by Sir Edmund Happold in Bath in the southwest of England when he left Ove Arup and Partners to take up a post at the University of Bath as Professor of Architecture and Engineering Design.
Originally working mainly on projects in the Middle East, the firm now operates worldwide and in almost all areas of engineering for the built environment, with offices in seven countries. The parent company owns the subsidiary companies Happold Consulting, Happold Media and Happold Safe and Secure. The firm includes a number of specialist engineering consultancy groups, including fire engineering and lighting consultancy.
- 1 Sir Edmund Happold
- 2 History
- 3 Projects
- 4 Awards
- 5 Happold Trust
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
- 9 Notes
Sir Edmund Happold
Edmund, or Ted, Happold worked at Arup before founding Buro Happold, where he worked on projects such as the Sydney Opera House and the Pompidou Centre. Ted Happold was a leader in the field of lightweight and tensile structures and Buro Happold has as a result undertaken a large number of tensile and other lightweight structures since its founding, including the Millennium Dome. Ted Happold died in 1996, but the firm claims to maintain his views on engineering and life.
The King's Office, Council of Ministers and Majlis Al Shura (KOCOMMAS), Central Government Complex in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was the firm's first major design project in 1976. Initially, Buro Happold offered only structural engineering consultancy, with a particular strength in lightweight structures, but in 1977 it added civil engineering and geotechnical engineering and in 1978 building services engineering. In 1982 Buro Happold started to work with Future Tents Ltd (FTL) on a variety of temporary and recreational structures. The firms combined their operations in 1992, but split again in 1997.
In 1983, Buro Happold opened an office in Riyadh, and has since opened offices around the UK and internationally:
By 1993, Buro Happold had 130 employees and 8 partners. In 1998 this had grown to 300 employees and 12 partners, while in 2000 with over 500 employees the partnership was increased to 23. In 2006 the partnership stood at 25 with over 1400 employees and 14 offices. Due to this growth and the addition of so many different services, the company was restructured in 2003 to consist of multi-disciplinary teams of engineers, each with structural, mechanical and electrical engineers supported by specialist consulting groups.
In 2005, Buro Happold launched Happold Consulting, a management and overseas development consultancy with expertise in the construction sector, and Happold Media, a subsidiary offering graphic design and media development services. In 2007, Buro Happold launched Happold Safe and Secure, a subsidiary offering security consultancy and design services. The firm now places over 100 distinct different services under the headings:
Significant amongst its specialist consultancy services are its fire consultancy group, FEDRA, and software development group SMART which worked with Sheffield University to develop Vulcan software, widely used throughout the fire engineering industry. SMART also develops Buro Happold's in-house software Tensyl, a non-linear finite element analysis and patterning program for fabric structures, and people flow modelling software. Also notable is its group COSA, which undertakes computational modelling and analysis and the Sustainability and Alternative Technologies Group.
In 2007 Buro Happold became a limited liability partnership, and in 2008 appointed 18 new partners.
In 1973, before the founding of Buro Happold, Edmund Happold, Ian Liddell, Vera Straka, Peter Rice and Michael Dickson established a lightweight structures research laboratory corresponding to Frei Otto's similar research institute at the university of Stuttgart. Ted Happold was the first to introduce ethylenetetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) as a cladding material, and the outcomes of the research carried out by the laboratory led to the development of the designs for the Mannheim Multihall gridshell and a number of landmark fabric structures in the Middle East and the UK, allowing the new building forms to become generally accepted by architects and clients.
Buro Happold's early projects ranged from designing giant fabric umbrellas for Pink Floyd concerts to the Munich Aviary and the Mannheim Multihalle, both with Frei Otto, an architect who repeatedly worked with Buro Happold on projects which pioneered lightweight structures. The Mannheim Multihalle was a timber gridshell of 50 by 50 mm lathes of hemlock of irregular form, depending on the elasticity of spring washers at the joints for its flexible form. It was one of the first major uses of structural gridshells.
Following the development of fabric structures expertise on the projects with Frei Otto, Buro Happold was instrumental in further developing the knowledge and technology of fabric structures. With Bodo Rasch, a protégé of Frei Otto, and drawing on experience from the Pink Floyd canopies, they designed folding, umbrella-like canopies to shade the courtyard of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (The Mosque of the Prophet) in Medina, Saudi Arabia. They also designed the, at the time, largest fabric canopy in Europe at the Ashford Designer Outlet in the UK.
This development of fabric structures expertise culminated in Buro Happold, with a team led by Ian Liddell, and with Paul Westbury, designing the Millennium Dome, the world's largest fabric roof and the first building of its type. The expertise in wooden gridshell structures has resulted in the design of structures such as the Weald and Downland Museum and the Savill Building in Windsor Great Park.
Buro Happold has also completed the designs of a number of cardboard structures, notably the Japan Pavilion for Expo 2000 in Hanover with Shigeru Ban and Frei Otto, consisting of a gridshell of paper tubes (the structure was reinforced with steel in order to comply with fire regulations, though the tubular structure was itself structurally sufficient). The firm has worked with Shigeru Ban on a number of other projects. Another design in cardboard was the Westborough School cardboard classroom in Westcliff.
Notable projects in the UK
- Arsenal F.C.'s Emirates Stadium in London
- Ascot Racecourse in Ascot
- The Weald and Downland Gridshell
- Perth Concert Hall in Perth, Scotland
- The Sage Gateshead
- The Savill Building in Windsor Great Park
- The British Museum Queen Elizabeth II Great Court Roof in London
- The Lowry Centre in Salford
- The Sackler Crossing in Kew Gardens, London
- Sheffield Winter Gardens in Sheffield
- The Eden Project Core in Cornwall
- The Globe Theatre in London
- The Millennium Dome and the later redevelopment as The O2 in London
- Wales Institute for Sustainable Education (at the Centre for Alternative Technology), Machynlleth, Wales; a new education and visitor centre including the largest rammed earth wall in the UK.
- Riverside Museum in Glasgow, Scotland
- Museum of Liverpool, in Liverpool
- Robert Burns Birthplace Museum, in Alloway, Scotland
- The Royal Shakespeare Theatre redevelopment in Stratford-upon-Avon.
- 1 Angel Square in Manchester
- Library of Birmingham in Birmingham
- Philippine Arena in Philippines, proposed completion on 2014
- Battersea Power Station Redevelopment in London
Notable international projects
- The RWE Turm in Essen, Germany
- Persija Jakarta's Gelora Bung Karno stadium in Jakarta, Indonesia
- Grand Indonesia Shopping Town in Jakarta, Indonesia
- The Al Faisaliah Centre in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
- The Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin
- The Genzyme Headquarters in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
- The Danish National Opera House in Copenhagen, Denmark
- The Palace of Peace and Reconciliation in Kazakhstan
- The Khan Shatyr Entertainment Center in Kazakhstan
- RAK New Gateway Building, in Ras Al Khiamah
- Dresden Hauptbahnhof redevelopment, in Dresden, Germany
- The Smithsonian American Art Museum's Robert and Arlene Kogod Courtyard's new roof in Washington, D.C., USA (the Old Patent Office Building); a curved steel grid roof clad in square glass overlapping panels.
- Aviva Stadium (formerly Lansdowne Road Stadium) in Dublin, Ireland; a four-tiered, 50,000 seater national football and rugby stadium with a freeform transparent facade.
- Experimental Media and Performing Arts Center, a multi-venue arts center at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, New York
- Hawaii Preparatory Academy Energy Lab, one of the first buildings in the world to be certified a Living Building in the Living Building Challenge.
- Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof redevelopment (Stuttgart 21), in Stuttgart, Germany; a project to realign the Deutsche Bahn's rail lines so they can be joined to the intra-European network. The sub-terranean station will be roofed with a public park, with organically shaped, reinforced concrete shells with petal-shaped sections terminating as skylights. The project is due for completion in 2013.
- Grand Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt; the design of building services for a new museum adjacent to the Pyramids in Egypt, to house the world's largest collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities.
- Résidence Palace; future headquarters of the EU Council and the European Council in Brussels
- The Louvre Abu Dhabi in Abu Dhabi, a new art museum.
- The High Line Park in New York City, a park occupying a disused elevated railway line.
- The Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center, a new transportation hub in Anaheim, California.
- The San Francisco Transbay Terminal, a transportation complex in San Francisco
- The Perot Museum of Nature and Science, a new museum in Dallas
Other significant activities
Buro Happold is best known for providing engineering services for buildings, but it also undertakes a large proportion of its work in civil, geotechnical and environmental engineering, and an increasing amount of overseas development work. Buro Happold is a member of the Consortium for the Eradication of Poverty, which also includes Arup, Scott Wilson and RedR
Buro Happold is part of the consortium appointed by EDAW to design the Olympic Park for the London 2012 Olympics. The team which built the Emirates Stadium, made up of McAlpine, Populous and Buro Happold also designed and constructed the Olympic Stadium.
Buro Happold won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture for Tuwaiq Palace in Riyadh in 1998 and again in 2010 for the design of the Wadi Hanifah wetlands. Buro Happold also won the Queen's Award for Enterprise twice, for export achievement and again for sustainable development. In 1999 Buro Happold engineers Ian Liddell, Paul Westbury, Dawood Pandor and technician Gary Dagger won the Royal Academy of Engineering's MacRobert Award for their design of the Millennium Dome - only the second time in the award's history that it has gone to a construction project. Buro Happold received the accompanying gold medal.
In 2007, Buro Happold won the IStructE Supreme Award for the Savill Building in Windsor Great Park. Buro Happold was the second firm in the world to achieve worldwide Investors in People accreditation.
Stirling Prize winning projects
Buro Happold's projects have won two RIBA Stirling Prizes: the Media Centre at Lord's Cricket Ground in 1999 and the Magna Science Adventure Centre in Rotherham in 2001. Additionally the Evelina Children's Hospital won the public vote for the Stirling Prize in 2006. The following Buro Happold projects have been shortlisted for the Stirling Prize:
- The Royal Shakespeare Theatre redevelopment in 2011
- The renovation of Dresden Main Station in 2007
- The Savill Building in Windsor Great Park in 2007.
- Evelina Children's Hospital in 2006
- The Business Academy, Bexley in 2004
- The Queen Elizabeth II Great Court in 2003
- The Weald and Downland Gridshell in 2002
The Aviva Stadium won the 2011 International Project Award at the British Construction Industry Awards. The Royal Shakespeare Theatre won the Project of the Year Award at the 2011 Building Awards. At the 2010 Structural Awards the John Hope Gateway building won the award for Arts or Entertainment Structures. The Institution of Structural Engineers has announced there are to be two winners of its coveted Gold Medal this year, 2012: Buro Happold's CEO Paul Westbury is one of them, Paul has been selected for the award due to his innovation in the structural form, and design of sports and entertainment buildings; in particular for his leading contribution to the design and construction of Arsenal’s Emirates Stadium in London, the 2006 Olympic Speed Skating Oval in Turin, Dublin’s Aviva Stadium and the London 2012 Olympic Stadium. Paul has also very successfully promoted structural engineering internationally through his innovative papers on design and technology.
The Happold Trust was founded in 1995 by Ted Happold and the other founding partners in order to promote education, research and training in the fields of engineering, industry, design, technology and architecture. The Happold Trust is a patron of RedR.
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- Walker, Derek (1998). The Confidence to Build. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 0-419-24060-8.
- Buro Happold official website
- Happold Consulting official website
- Happold Media official website
- Happold Safe and Secure official website
- Buro Happold's Projects in the Middle east
- Happold Lighting official website
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