BuroHappold Engineering

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BuroHappold Engineering
Type Limited Liability Partnership
Industry Construction
Founded 1976[1]
Founders Sir Edmund Happold
Headquarters Bath, Somerset, United Kingdom
Area served Worldwide
Key people Mike Cook, Chairman and Senior Partner
Roger Nickells, CEO
[2]
Products Services, software
Services engineering consulting, construction management and business services
Revenue GB£112 million (2012/13)[3]
Employees 1,600[4]
Divisions Buro Happold Ltd, Buro Happold Ingenieurburo GmBH,
Website burohappold.com

BuroHappold Engineering is a professional services firm providing engineering consultancy, design, planning, project management and consulting services for all aspects of buildings, infrastructure and the environment, with its head office in Bath, Somerset.[5] It was founded in 1976, by Sir Edmund Happold in Bath in the southwest of England when he left Ove Arup and Partners to take up a post at the University of Bath as Professor of Architecture and Engineering Design.

Originally working mainly on projects in the Middle East, the firm now operates worldwide and in almost all areas of engineering for the built environment, with offices in seven countries.

Sir Edmund Happold[edit]

Main article: Edmund Happold

Edmund, or Ted, Happold worked at Arup before founding BuroHappold, where he worked on projects such as the Sydney Opera House and the Pompidou Centre. Ted Happold was a leader in the field of lightweight and tensile structures and BuroHappold has as a result undertaken a large number of tensile and other lightweight structures since its founding, including the Millennium Dome. Ted Happold died in 1996, but the firm claims to maintain his views on engineering and life.[6]

History[edit]

BuroHappold was founded on 1 May 1976, with its first office on Gay Street in Bath, United Kingdom.[1] The firm started with eight partners:

The King's Office, Council of Ministers and Majlis Al Shura (KOCOMMAS), Central Government Complex in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was the firm's first major design project in 1976.[1] Initially, BuroHappold offered only structural engineering consultancy, with a particular strength in lightweight structures, but in 1977 it added civil engineering and geotechnical engineering and in 1978 building services engineering.[1] In 1982 BuroHappold started to work with Future Tents Ltd (FTL) on a variety of temporary and recreational structures. The firms combined their operations in 1992, but split again in 1997.

In 1983, BuroHappold opened an office in Riyadh, and has since opened offices around the UK and internationally:[1]

View of the Great Court, British Museum, London.

By 1993, BuroHappold had 130 employees and eight partners. In 1998 this had grown to 300 employees and 12 partners, while in 2000 with over 500 employees the partnership was increased to 23.[1] In 2006 the partnership stood at 25 with over 1400 employees and 14 offices. Due to this growth and the addition of so many different services, the company was restructured in 2003 to consist of multi-disciplinary teams of engineers, each with structural, mechanical and electrical engineers supported by specialist consulting groups.[1]

In 2005, BuroHappold launched Happold Consulting, a management and overseas development consultancy with expertise in the construction sector, and Happold Media, a subsidiary offering graphic design and media development services.

Significant amongst its specialist consultancy services are its fire consultancy group, FEDRA, and software development group SMART which worked with Sheffield University to develop Vulcan software,[7] widely used throughout the fire engineering industry.[8] SMART also develops Buro Happold's in-house software Tensyl, a non-linear finite element analysis and patterning program for fabric structures, and people flow modelling software.[9] Also notable is its group COSA, which undertakes computational modelling and analysis[10][11] and the Sustainability and Alternative Technologies Group.[12]

In 2007 BuroHappold became a limited liability partnership, and in 2008 appointed 18 new partners.

Partners[edit]

Ashford Designer Outlet in Kent, United Kingdom

The firm is a limited liability partnership with 52 partners.[13]


Projects[edit]

Lightweight structures[edit]

Umbrella-like shading canopies inside the Masjid an-Nabawi (Mosque of the Prophet)

In 1973, before the founding of BuroHappold, Edmund Happold, Ian Liddell, Vera Straka, Peter Rice and Michael Dickson established a lightweight structures research laboratory corresponding to Frei Otto's similar research institute at the university of Stuttgart. Ted Happold was the first to introduce ethylenetetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) as a cladding material, and the outcomes of the research carried out by the laboratory led to the development of the designs for the Mannheim Multihall gridshell and a number of landmark fabric structures in the Middle East and the UK, allowing the new building forms to become generally accepted by architects and clients.[9]

BuroHappold's early projects ranged from designing giant fabric umbrellas for Pink Floyd concerts[15] to the Munich Aviary and the Mannheim Multihalle, both with Frei Otto, an architect who repeatedly worked with Buro Happold on projects which pioneered lightweight structures. The Mannheim Multihalle was a timber gridshell of 50 by 50 mm lathes of hemlock of irregular form, depending on the elasticity of spring washers at the joints for its flexible form. It was one of the first major uses of structural gridshells.[9]

The Venezuela Pavilion at Expo 2000 in Hanover, consisting of fabric 'petals' which could open and close according to weather conditions

Following the development of fabric structures expertise on the projects with Frei Otto, BuroHappold was instrumental in further developing the knowledge and technology of fabric structures. With Bodo Rasch, a protégé of Frei Otto, and drawing on experience from the Pink Floyd canopies, they designed folding, umbrella-like canopies to shade the courtyard of Al-Masjid al-Nabawi (The Mosque of the Prophet) in Medina, Saudi Arabia.[16][17][18] They also designed the, at the time, largest fabric canopy in Europe at the Ashford Designer Outlet in the UK.[19]

This development of fabric structures expertise culminated in BuroHappold, with a team led by Ian Liddell, and with Paul Westbury,[20] designing the Millennium Dome, the world's largest fabric roof and the first building of its type.[21] The expertise in wooden gridshell structures has resulted in the design of structures such as the Weald and Downland Museum and the Savill Building in Windsor Great Park.[22][23]

BuroHappold has also completed the designs of a number of cardboard structures, notably the Japan Pavilion for Expo 2000 in Hanover with Shigeru Ban and Frei Otto, consisting of a gridshell of paper tubes (the structure was reinforced with steel in order to comply with fire regulations, though the tubular structure was itself structurally sufficient).[24] The firm has worked with Shigeru Ban on a number of other projects. Another design in cardboard was the Westborough School cardboard classroom in Westcliff.[25]

Notable projects in the UK[edit]

Completed[edit]

In progress[edit]

Notable international projects[edit]

Completed[edit]

In progress[edit]

Other significant activities[edit]

BuroHappold is best known for providing engineering services for buildings, but it also undertakes a large proportion of its work in civil, geotechnical and environmental engineering, and an increasing amount of overseas development work. Buro Happold is a member of the Consortium for the Eradication of Poverty, which also includes Arup, Scott Wilson and RedR

BuroHappold is part of the consortium appointed by EDAW to design the Olympic Park for the London 2012 Olympics.[55] The team which built the Emirates Stadium, made up of McAlpine, Populous and BuroHappold also designed and constructed the Olympic Stadium.[56][57][58]

Awards[edit]

Notable awards[edit]

The Savill Building at Windsor Great Park

BuroHappold won the Aga Khan Award for Architecture for Tuwaiq Palace in Riyadh in 1998 and again in 2010 for the design of the Wadi Hanifah wetlands.[59] BuroHappold also won the Queen's Award for Enterprise twice, for export achievement and again for sustainable development. In 1999 BuroHappold engineers Ian Liddell, Paul Westbury, Dawood Pandor and technician Gary Dagger won the Royal Academy of Engineering's MacRobert Award for their design of the Millennium Dome – only the second time in the award's history that it has gone to a construction project.[60] BuroHappold received the accompanying gold medal.[21]

In 2007, BuroHappold won the IStructE Supreme Award for the Savill Building in Windsor Great Park.[61] BuroHappold was the second firm in the world to achieve worldwide Investors in People accreditation.[62]

Stirling Prize winning projects[edit]

BuroHappold's projects have won two RIBA Stirling Prizes: the Media Centre at Lord's Cricket Ground in 1999 and the Magna Science Adventure Centre in Rotherham in 2001. Additionally the Evelina Children's Hospital won the public vote for the Stirling Prize in 2006. The following BuroHappold projects have been shortlisted for the Stirling Prize:

Recent awards[edit]

The Aviva Stadium won the 2011 International Project Award at the British Construction Industry Awards. The Royal Shakespeare Theatre won the Project of the Year Award at the 2011 Building Awards. At the 2010 Structural Awards the John Hope Gateway building won the award for Arts or Entertainment Structures. The Institution of Structural Engineers announced there were to be two winners of its coveted Gold Medal in 2012: BuroHappold's then-CEO Paul Westbury was one of them. Paul was been selected for the award due to his innovation in the structural form, and design of sports and entertainment buildings; in particular for his leading contribution to the design and construction of Arsenal’s Emirates Stadium in London, the 2006 Olympic Speed Skating Oval in Turin, Dublin’s Aviva Stadium and the London 2012 Olympic Stadium. Paul has also very successfully promoted structural engineering internationally through his innovative papers on design and technology.

Happold Trust[edit]

The Happold Trust was founded in 1995 by Ted Happold and the other founding partners in order to promote education, research and training in the fields of engineering, industry, design, technology and architecture.[63] The Happold Trust is a patron of RedR.[64]

The Happold Trust is also a major sponsor of Engineers Without Borders UK[65]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "'Timeline'". Buro Happold website. 
  2. ^ "People". 
  3. ^ "'Buro Happold increases profit as revenue falls'". Building Design website. 
  4. ^ "'Growth'". Buro Happold website. 
  5. ^ "Contact & Offices." Buro Happold. Retrieved on 26 August 2011. "Head office Buro Happold Ltd Camden Mill 230 Lower Bristol Road Bath BA2 3DQ United Kingdom "
  6. ^ "Edmund Happold". Buro Happold website. 
  7. ^ "Sheffield University Enterprises". Sheffield University/Vulcan Solutions. 
  8. ^ "Vulcan website". 
  9. ^ a b c d Rappaport. 2007
  10. ^ "COSA Solutions". Buro Happold. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  11. ^ David Stribling (2003-10-17). "Building simulation: virtual prototyping for construction projects" (PDF). Ingenia Magazine. 
  12. ^ "Sustainable & Alternative Technologies". Buro Happold. Retrieved 2007-12-19. 
  13. ^ "'Principals'". Buro Happold website. 
  14. ^ a b Steve Brown (2005-11-03). "Millennium and Beyond". The Structural Engineer. 
  15. ^ "Pink Floyd Animals Concert Tour 1977". Stufish. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  16. ^ "Youtube Video of canopies closing". 
  17. ^ "Archnet Gallery of Prophet's Mosque". Archnet. 
  18. ^ "Medina's Gallery". 
  19. ^ Walker. 1998. p.69
  20. ^ a b Michael Kenward OBE (June 2007). "Ingenia Magazine: An Intuitive Engineer" (PDF) (31). 
  21. ^ a b "MacRobert Award 1999 Winner". Royal Academy of Engineers. 
  22. ^ "Savill Building". Buro Happold. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  23. ^ "Downland Gridshell". Buro Happold. Retrieved 2008-01-16. 
  24. ^ "The man with the golden pen. issue 08". Building Magazine. 2005. 
  25. ^ "Cardboard classroom". Westborough School. 
  26. ^ Ian Liddell (September 2006). "Pitch Perfect" (PDF). Ingenia Magazine (Royal Academy of Engineers) (28). 
  27. ^ "Weald and Downland design team". Weald and Downland Museum. 
  28. ^ Michael Dickson and Richard Harris (February 2004). "The Downland gridshell: Innovative design in timber" (PDF). Ingenia (The Royal Academy of Engineers) (18). Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  29. ^ "Buro Happold Wins Award". worldarchitecturenews.com. 2007-07-06. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 
  30. ^ "The Savill Building". RIBA. 
  31. ^ Andy Cook (1999). "Salford wins Silver". Building Magazine Issue 29. 
  32. ^ "New lake crossing unveiled at Key 16 May 2006" (Press release). Kew Gardens. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  33. ^ "Sackler Crossing". architectural record. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  34. ^ "Winter Garden, Sheffield – Now you see it...". RIBA Journal. January 2003. 
  35. ^ Jonathan Glancey (20 September 2005). "The Core, inspired by the code 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13 ...". The Guardian. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  36. ^ Peter McCurdy. "The Reconstruction of the Globe Theatre". `McCurdy & Co Ltd. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  37. ^ Arthur Girling (2006-06-05). "CAT and Buro Happold get WISE!" (Press release). Centre for Alternative Technology. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  38. ^ "Museum of Transport, Glasgow". www.glasgowarchitecture.co.uk. Retrieved 2007-12-05. 
  39. ^ "Co-operative Headquarters". Buro Happold. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  40. ^ "Battersea Power Station". Buro Happold. Retrieved 2012-10-05. 
  41. ^ Al Faisaliah Centre at Structurae
  42. ^ Suzanne Stephens (July 2005). "Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe". Architectural Record. Retrieved 2007-12-07. 
  43. ^ Genzyme Headquarters at Structurae
  44. ^ New Copenhagen Opera House at Structurae
  45. ^ Mike Cook, George Keliris (2007-01-23). "Pyramid for Peace in Kazakhstan". The Structural Engineer. 
  46. ^ Robert L. Reid (September 2007). "Grand Inspiration". ASCE Magazine (American Society of Civil Engineers). Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  47. ^ Thomas Lane (2 February 2007). "Georgious Washington". Building Magazine. 
  48. ^ "Project Team Members". Lansdowne Road Stadium Development Company. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  49. ^ "HPA Energy Lab". Living Building Challenge. Retrieved 2011-10-12. 
  50. ^ http://www.rappler.com/business/industries/175-real-estate/63861-fast-facts-iglesia-ni-cristo-philippine-arena
  51. ^ "Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center" BuroHappold Engineering website
  52. ^ "Stuttgart 21". 
  53. ^ "Grand Museum of Egypt website". 
  54. ^ "Transbay Transit Center" BuroHappold Engineering website
  55. ^ "Top team chosen to design Olympic Park" (Press release). Olympic Delivery Authority. 24 January 2006. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  56. ^ "ODA negotiates with Team Sir Robert McAlpine on Olympic Stadium" (Press release). Olympic Delivery Authority. 2006-10-13. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  57. ^ "New Era of Stadium Design Begins with Olympic Stadium" (Press release). Olympic Delivery Authority. 2007-11-07. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  58. ^ "London 2012 web site". 
  59. ^ Jenna M. McKnight: Revealed: Winners of 2010 Aga Khan Award for Architecture, in the Architectural Record, November 24, 2010, retrieved 1 December 2010
  60. ^ "Millennium Dome shows it's not just a pretty space" (Press release). Royal Academy of Engineering. 1999-10-25. Retrieved 2007-12-10. 
  61. ^ "Structural Awards website". 
  62. ^ "IDS HR Study 816, February 2006". 
  63. ^ "The Happold Trust". Buro Happold. Retrieved 2007-11-30. 
  64. ^ "RedR patrons". RedR. Retrieved 2007-03-22. 
  65. ^ "EWB-UK sponsors". Engineers Without Borders UK.