Burrillville, Rhode Island
|Burrillville, Rhode Island|
|— Town —|
|Motto: "Embracing our Past...Envisioning our Future"|
|• Total||57.1 sq mi (148.0 km2)|
|• Land||55.6 sq mi (143.9 km2)|
|• Water||1.6 sq mi (4.1 km2)|
|Elevation||587 ft (179 m)|
|• Density||287.0/sq mi (110.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||1220081|
|Website||Town of Burrillville|
Burrillville is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It was incorporated as an independent municipality on November 17, 1806 when the Rhode Island General Assembly authorized the residents of then North Glocester to elect its own officers. The population was 15,955 at the 2010 census. This town was named for 19th century United States senator James Burrill, Jr. who was then the Rhode Island Attorney General.
Burrilville was probably first settled sometime around 1662, when the first Europeans began to settle the Nipmuc lands. The Town was originally a part of Glocester, Rhode Island. John Smith and members of the Saulsbury family were among the earliest settlers. Samuel Willard (physician) treated many smallpox victims in South Uxbridge and Glocester (Burrillville), and he had the scars to prove it. In 1806, The Town of Burrillville became a separate town and consisted of 60 square miles (160 km2) of land in the northwest corner of Rhode Island, bordering Connecticut and Massachusetts. Later Boundary disputes with Massachusetts and Glocester reduced this land area by the mid-19th century. Joktan Putnam was the first Town moderator. The Nipmuc word for snake was rendered "askug" by Roger Williams in his A Key Into the Language of America, and "askoog" by the Reverend John Eliot in his Algonqian translation of the Bible. Burrillville's principal village, Pascoag, named after the stream upon which it is located, probably derives from this Algonqian root. Gradually in the early-to-mid-19th century, the various mills and villages took shape such as Harris mills, and the village of Harrisville, Mapleville mills, Oakland mills etc. Buck Hill was known for a colorful band of counterfeiters. The town is today part of the Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor, New England's, historic National Park area. Burrillville also had many mills before people realized it started to pollute the rivers in the area in Harrisville there used to be a mill complex witch was replaced with apartment buildings and the new Jessie smith library.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.2 square miles (148.0 km²), of which, 55.6 square miles (143.9 km²) of it is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km²) of it (2.76%) is water. ~~ Until 1846 the Sherman Farm was owned by the family. It totaled over 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) and was once the largest fruit and dairy farm in the state. The farmhouse had 32 rooms.
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,796 people, 5,559 households, and 4,252 families residing in the town. The population density was 284.3 people per square mile (109.8/km²). There were 5,821 housing units at an average density of 104.8 per square mile (40.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.56% White, 0.22% African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.
There were 5,559 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.5% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.6% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 31.7% from 25 to 44, 23.6% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $52,587, and the median income for a family was $58,979. Males had a median income of $39,839 versus $28,835 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,096. About 3.7% of families and 6.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 9.4% of those age 65 or over.
Notable Mentions 
- Wright's Farm Restaurant is known throughout New England for its family style chicken, shells, and french fries. Purchased in 1972 by Frank and Joyce Galleshaw, Wright's Farm has expanded from a small town farm to a 1,200 seat dining facility with four bars and a large gift shop.
Adjacent Towns 
- Douglas, Massachusetts
- Glocester, Rhode Island
- North Smithfield, Rhode Island
- Putnam, Connecticut
- Thompson, Connecticut
- Uxbridge, Massachusetts
National Historic Register sites 
- Bridgeton School (1897)
- Harrisville Historic District
- Moses Taft House (Burrillville, Rhode Island) (1786)
- Oakland Historic District
- Pascoag Grammar School (1917)
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Burrillville History/James Burrill". Retrieved 2008-03-02.
- "Rhode Island Reading Room/History of Rhode Island/History of Burrilville with Illustrations". rootsweb. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
- Backofen, Walter A (2001). Elias Frost, M.D., and his strategy for being remembered. p. 6. OCLC: 58438763.
- "Blackstone River Valley National Heritage Corridor/Valley sites-Glocester and Burrilville". National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
Further reading 
- History of the State of Rhode Island with Illustrations, Albert J. Wright, Printer No. 79 Mille Street, corner of Federal, Boston. Hong, Wade & Co., Philadelphia 1878.
- Town of Burrillville
- History of Rhode Island, History of Burrillville
- Burrillville History Site by Town Historian Patricia Mehrtens
- Blackstone Valley National Heritage Corridor,Valley site- Glocester and Burrilville
- Nipmuck Nation website, Nipmuck tribe extended into what is today Burrilville