|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2014)|
|Locale||Bursa, Marmara, Turkey|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||38|
|Annual ridership||91.25 million (2012)|
|Website||Burulaş - Bursaray|
|Began operation||24 April 2002|
|Number of vehicles||122 cars (total)
(48 Siemens Type B80,
30 Bombardier Flexity Swift,
44 Düwag SG2)
|System length||38.9 km (24.2 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Average speed||34 km/h (21 mph)
24 km/h (15 mph) (Line 1 branch)
|Top speed||70 km/h (43 mph)
50 km/h (31 mph) (Line 1 branch)
Bursaray (sometimes stylized as BursaRay) is a rapid transit system in the city of Bursa, Marmara Region, Turkey, built in 2000 by TÜVASAŞ, and operated by Burulaş. The name Bursaray is an acronym of Bursa, and Ray, the Turkish word for "rail". The Bursaray metro opened for passenger service on 24 April 2002. The metro system presently consists of two lines, which share a main line in the east, and branch into two lines at the western end of the system.
It is planned to expand the Bursaray system to a 50-kilometer (31 mi) network in the future.
- 24 Apr 2002: passenger trial service begins
- 19 Aug 2002: official opening of first line: Sehreküstü - Kücük Sanayi (Hipodrom)
- 02 Jan 2005: construction work begins on BursaRay Phase 1 Stage B
- 06 Apr 2008: extension east from Sehreküstü - Arabayatagi (i.e. BursaRay Phase 1 Stage B enters service)
- 28 Oct 2008: Phase 2 construction work begins
- 24 Dec 2010: extension: Phase 2, Kücük Sanayi (Hipodrom) - Özlüce (2.9 km), enters service
- 19 Sep 2011: extension: Phase 2, Özlüce - Üniversite (3.6 km)
- 15 Dec 2011: extension: Phase 2, Organize Sanayi (1050 Konutlar) - Emek (2.5 km)
- 19 Mar 2014: extension: Phase 3, Arabayatagi - Otosansit (4.4 km)
- 27 Mar 2014: extension: Phase 3, Otosansit - Gürsu (2.0 km)
- 05 Jun 2014: extension: completion of Phase 3, Gürsu - Kestel (1.6 km)
A total of 48 cars of the B80 type (27.7-meter (91 ft) long) were delivered by Siemens (in collaboration with the local company TÜVASAŞ). Siemens TS supplied the signalling automation systems and the power supply system.
Later the fleet was enlarged with 30 Bombardier Flexity Swift light rail cars (similar to those on the U5 line on the Frankfurt U-Bahn) from Bombardier. After that, Burulas purchased 44 used 'Sneltram' DÜWAG SG2 (Duewag T-cars) from Rotterdam; 25 of which were placed in service while the other 19 were used to provide spare parts as needed.
All the system's cars are air-conditioned. On Line 1 only units of three-car trains are used; four-car trains are used on Line 2.
- "BURSARAY GÜZERGAHI" [BURSARAY ITINERARY] (in Turkish). Burulaş Bursa Ulaşım Toplu Taşım İşletmeciliği Turizm San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. [Burulaş Bursa Transportation Mass Transit Administration Tourism Industry. Ve Tic. Inc.] Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "BursaRay Rotterdam Araçları ve Burulaş (ÖZEL HABER)" [BursaRay Rotterdam Vehicles to Burulaş (SPECIAL NEWS)]. RayHaber (in Turkish). 24 November 2012. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "BURSARAY TEKNİK ÖZELLİKLER" [BURSARAY TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS] (in Turkish). Burulaş Bursa Ulaşım Toplu Taşım İşletmeciliği Turizm San. Ve Tic. A.Ş. [Burulaş Bursa Transportation Mass Transit Administration Tourism Industry. Ve Tic. Inc.] Retrieved 3 June 2014.
- "BursaRay Kestel etabında son üç istasyon da hizmete açıldı" [BursaRay Kestel extension opens the last three stations]. Cihan (in Turkish). 5 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.