In telecommunication, the term burst transmission or data burst has the following meanings:
- Any relatively high-bandwidth transmission over a short period. For example, a download might use 2 Mbit/s on average, while having "peaks" bursting up to, say, 2.4 Mbit/s.
- Transmission that combines a very high data signaling rate with very short transmission times - i.e., the message is compressed. This is popular with the military and spies, who both wish to minimize the chance of their radio transmissions being detected, i.e. Low probability of intercept (LPI) and Low probability of recognition (LPR).
- Operation of a data network in which data transmission is interrupted at intervals.
Burst transmission, however, enables communications between data terminal equipment (DTEs) and a data network operating at dissimilar data signaling rates.
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This article incorporates public domain material from the General Services Administration document "Federal Standard 1037C" (in support of MIL-STD-188).