Burtonwood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Burtonwood and Westbrook
Burtonwood and Westbrook is located in Cheshire
Burtonwood and Westbrook
Burtonwood and Westbrook
 Burtonwood and Westbrook shown within Cheshire
Population 11,265 [1]
OS grid reference SJ561928
Civil parish Burtonwood and Westbrook
Unitary authority Warrington
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WARRINGTON
Postcode district WA5
Dialling code 01925
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Warrington North
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Coordinates: 53°25′49″N 2°39′41″W / 53.430153°N 2.661355°W / 53.430153; -2.661355

Burtonwood and Westbrook is a civil parish in the outermost suburbs of Warrington, Cheshire, England. The name Burtonwood is known worldwide as the location of the former RAF Station Burtonwood military camp. Burtonwood village itself is a few miles away from the site of the former station. The civil parish also includes Westbrook, which is a council ward and suburb of Warrington. According to the 2001 census, the population of the entire civil parish was 11,265.[1]

History[edit]

Burtonwood was a chapelry in the ancient parish of Warrington, in the West Derby Hundred of Lancashire. It was later created a civil parish and was part of the Warrington Poor Law Union and then the Warrington Rural District. In 1974 it became part of Warrington District and is now part of the Warrington Unitary Authority. It is still a civil parish (now named Burtonwood and Westbrook) and thus has its own parish council. Burtonwood's population rose from 990 in 1861 to 2,408 in 1911 as the mining and brewing industries grew. The parish population leaped to 8,238 in 1951 due to the Americans with the arrival of the United States Air Force (USAF) personnel but dropped to 4,899 in 1971, before rising to 11,265 today[1] as a result of housing development on the old RAF station site. Nowadays, there is work being done on the station and two of the camps have been knocked down. This is because of the Omega Project.

Burtonwood Air Base

RAF Burtonwood was mainly used by the United States Air Force between 1942 and closure of the main airfield in 1958 and was the biggest US airbase in Europe.[citation needed]

Brewery[edit]

The village is known for its brewery, which brewed the Burtonwood ales. The brewery was founded in 1867, and built up a large estate of pubs. In 1964 Burtonwood Breweries became a public company, but retained its head office in the village. In 1998 the company formed a joint venture with Thomas Hardy Holdings, known as Thomas Hardy Burtonwood. Soon after the company stopped producing Burtonwood-brand beers and was recently contracted to produce Brakspear ales. [2]

Facilities[edit]

Burtonwood has five public houses, the Elm Tree and the Bridge Inn (currently not trading), the Chapel House, the Pear Tree and the Fiddle i' th' Bag Inn, three social clubs and three churches, St. Michael's, St. Paul of the Cross and the Methodist church. There are two recreational parks and two primary schools, Burtonwood Community Primary School and St Paul of the Cross Primary School. The village does not have a secondary school or college and the nearest high school is Great Sankey High School, which has a sixth form attached to it. Also St Aelred's Catholic Technology College in nearby Newton-le-Willows which also has a sixth form attached, Hope Academy, also with a sixth form, and Priestley Sixth Form College in Warrington town centre is the nearest specialised sixth form college.[3] Burtonwood village also has two doctors' surgeries, known as Burtonwood Surgery on Clay Lane, and Kinnock Park Surgery. There is also a small Co-operative store (Mercer Street), as you walk into the village there is a fish and chip shop, an independent betting shop, a Lloyd's chemist and a post office, all located on Clay Lane. In the former youth club, which prior to that was an old grammar school, there is a relatively new Asian restaurant (2007). This is located opposite the Bridge pub on Phipp's Lane. Burtonwood also has three nature reserves. Wheatacre Woods (access via Clay Lane / Gorsey Lane), the Old Colliery Moss (access via Bold Lane / Back Lane) and an area known as the Picnik Area which is accessed primarily from the footpath adjacent to the bowling green.

Transport[edit]

The village is fairly small, with only three bus routes through it, (Arriva 329 to St Helens, Warrington Borough Transport 29 to Collins Green (subject to rural bus grant) and Ogden 141 (St Helens to Newton) run on behalf of Merseytravel).[4] The nearest major bus interchanges are in Warrington (6 miles) and Wigan (8.19 miles). The nearest railway station was Collins Green, but is now Earlestown, two miles to the north of the village. Liverpool John Lennon Airport is the nearest airport (10 miles to the west).[3]

Statistics[edit]

Civil parish[edit]

The following statistics are for the civil parish of Burtonwood and Westbrook.[1]

Population and gender[edit]

  • Population: 11,265
  • Population, Males: 5,554
  • Population, Females: 5,711

Housing[edit]

  • Total households: 4,264

Council ward[edit]

The following statistics are for the council ward of Burtonwood and Winwick.[5]

Population and ethnicity[edit]

  • Population: 5,595
  • Population ratio (Male:Female): 49.2%:50.8%
  • White origin: 98.48%
  • Mixed origin: 0.00%
  • Asian origin: 0.57%
  • Black origin: 0.01%
  • Other origin: 0.23%

Housing[edit]

  • Total households: 2,265
  • Owner occupied: 84.68%
  • Shared ownership: 0.26%
  • Council accommodation: 10.64%
  • Housing association accommodation: 0.18%
  • Other rented accommodation: 4.24%

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Official 2001 Census Figures for Burtonwood and Westbrook". Office for National Statistics.  Retrieval Date: 8 September 2007.
  2. ^ The Independent, 24 June 2001
  3. ^ a b Burtonwood Information. UpMyStreet website. Retrieval Date: 8 September 2007.
  4. ^ Warrington Borough Council Public Transport Guide (09/06)
  5. ^ Office for National Statistics for Burtonwood and Winwick ward, Warrington.

External links[edit]