The name Burtscheid is a Germanized form of the CelticBor(uo)cetum, with the components Borvo, meaning “warm spring”, and also a god’s name (see also Worms, Wormerich and the French Bourbon), and caito-, ceto-, meaning “forest” (Bretonkoat, koet; Welshcoed – “forest”).
In the Middle Ages, Burtscheid belonged to the Mark Thalfang whose seat was at Schloss Dhronecken (castle). After the French Revolution, the Rhine’s left bank, and thereby Burtscheid too, were ceded to France in 1794 and 1795. Through a law from 26 March 1798, the French abolished feudal rights in their zone of occupation. After French rule ended, the village passed in 1814 to the Kingdom of Prussia. Since 1947, it has been part of the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate.