Burwood, New South Wales

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Burwood
SydneyNew South Wales
Burwood Road Burwood.JPG
Burwood Road. The brick tower is part of Burwood Post Office (designed by government architect Walter Liberty Vernon).
Population 12,466 (2011)[1]
Established 1814
Postcode(s) 2134
Location 11 km (7 mi) west of Sydney CBD
LGA(s) Burwood Council
State electorate(s) Strathfield
Federal Division(s) Reid, Watson
Suburbs around Burwood:
Concord Canada Bay Five Dock
Strathfield Burwood Croydon
South Strathfield Burwood Heights Croydon Park

Burwood is a suburb in the Inner West[2] of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. It is 12 kilometres west of the Sydney central business district and is the administrative centre for the local government area of Burwood Council.

Burwood Heights is a separate suburb to the south. The Appian Way is a street in Burwood, known for its architecturally designed Federation-style homes.

History[edit]

Archaeological evidence indicates people were living in the Sydney area for at least 11,000 years. This long association had led to a harmonious relationship between the indigenous inhabitants and their environment, which was interrupted by the arrival of the British in 1788. The European desire to cultivate the land aided and abetted by a smallpox epidemic that forced the local people, the Wangal clan, away from their source of food and their spiritual connection with the land.[3]

Lake in Burwood Park

Captain Thomas Rowley (1748–1806) received a grant of 260 acres (1.1 km2) in 1799, and called his property Burwood Farm after Burwood Park, England. Following more land grants, his estate increased to 750 acres (3.0 km2) stretching from Parramatta Road to Nicholson Street and The Boulevarde to Croydon railway station, whereat he ran merino sheep on the property.

War Memorial in Burwood Park

The first house, Burwood Villa, was built in the area in 1814, the same year that a stagecoach began running between Sydney and Parramatta. Burwood became a staging post along the road and the beginnings of a settlement started to develop. One of its most prominent early residents was Dr. John Dulhunty, a former naval surgeon who was appointed the Superintendent of Police for the Colony of New South Wales after his arrival in Sydney from England in 1826. Dr. Dulhunty became famous in the colony for fighting a gang of bushrangers that attacked his residence, Burwood House. He died suddenly in the house in 1828 but his son, Robert Dulhunty, went on to become the founder of the New South Wales regional city of Dubbo.

Subdivisions in the Burwood area in the 1830s propelled the growth of a village and by 1855, when the railway line came through, Burwood was one of the first six stops on the Sydney-to-Parramatta route. This led to a huge growth in population. In 1874, the area became a municipality.[4]

Commercial area[edit]

Burwood has a mixture of residential, commercial, and light industrial developments. The main shopping strip runs along Burwood Road, beside Burwood railway station. Westfield Burwood is a large regional shopping centre, north of the railway line, on Burwood Road opposite Burwood Park. Burwood Plaza is a smaller shopping centre on Railway Parade, south of the railway line.

High rise residential and commercial buildings are also found in surrounding streets and along the railway line. Commercial and light industrial developments are located along Parramatta Road.

Transport[edit]

Burwood railway station is on the North Shore, Northern & Western and Airport, Inner West & South lines of the Sydney Trains network.

Trams to Mortlake and Cabarita once travelled down Burwood Road; trams ceased in August 1948.

Sydney Buses provide many bus services to Burwood, from Hurstville, Rockdale, Bondi Junction, Strathfield, Homebush, Campsie, Ryde as well as many other locations across Sydney. Sydney Buses has two terminuses, Burwood station and Westfield Burwood. Sydney Buses Burwood Bus Depot is located on the corner of Shaftesbury and Parramatta Roads.

Landmarks[edit]

The Priory, Burwood Road

Burwood features many fine examples of architecture from the Victorian and Federation styles. St Paul's Anglican Church on Burwood Road was designed by colonial architect Edmund Blacket and built in 1871. It is heritage-listed in the NSW State Heritage Register and in the Register of the National Estate.[5] Nearby Woodstock in Church Street was built in the early 1870s by tobacco manufacturer Edwin Penfold. In the 1940s, it was taken over by the army, later becoming Broughton Migrant Hostel, before being bought by the council in 1974 for use as a community centre. Radio station 2RDJ-FM has been broadcasting from Woodstock since November 1983. Further south on Burwood Road is The Priory, built in 1877 by local councillor Mowbray Forrest, and Gayton, built in 1888 by NSW parliamentarian Richard Jones. The heritage'-listed St Nectarios Greek Orthodox Church in Railway Parade was formerly a Methodist church and was built in 1879.

Running between Burwood Road and Liverpool Road is The Appian Way, a model housing estate conceived by George Hoskins at the turn of the century. The street has been described as one of the finest streets of Federation houses in Australia and is state heritage-listed. In the centre of the Appian Way is a communal reserve which was converted into a lawn tennis club.[6]

Heritage[edit]

Gayton (1885), Burwood Road

The following buildings are on the Register of the National Estate or the NSW Heritage Register[7]

  • Congregational Church, Burwood Road[8]
  • Post Office, Burwood Road[9]
  • St Paul's Anglican Church, Burwood Road[10]
  • St Cloud, Burwood Road[11]
  • Gayton, Burwood Road[12]
  • The Priory (1877), Burwood Road[13]
  • Deolee, Burwood Road[14]
  • Methodist Ladies College, Rowley Street[15]
  • Woodstock, Church Street[16]
  • St Nectarios Greek Orthodox Church, Railway Parade[17]

Burwood Park[edit]

Burwood Park was established by the local council in 1882 on land formerly known as Edrop's Paddock. The original design of the park was based on the Union Jack flag, although it was later modified to allow a cricket oval to be established at the western edge of the park. Other features of Burwood Park include memorials to soldiers who died in World War I and Sandakan, a rotunda, a playground, a lake and an obelisk commemorating the site of Burwood Villa, the area's first house. It is also the location for Carols in the Park each Christmas. Burwood Park is located on Burwood Road opposite Westfield Burwood

Population[edit]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census of Population, there were 12,466 residents in Burwood. In Burwood, 30.4% of people were born in Australia. The most common other countries of birth were China (excludes SARs and Taiwan) 26.5%, India 4.6% and Korea, Republic of (South) 4.0%. 25.5% of people only spoke English at home. Other languages spoken at home included Mandarin 22.5%, Cantonese 13.1% and Korean 4.3%.[1]

Notable residents[edit]

Three former Australian prime ministers have lived in Burwood:

Other notable residents include:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Burwood (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 April 2013. 
  2. ^ Australian Suburb Guide: Sydney Inner West Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  3. ^ "Local History". Burwood Council. Retrieved 18 April 2009. [dead link]
  4. ^ Pollon, F. (1990.) The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Angus & Robertson Publishers, Sydney, p.41
  5. ^ State Heritage Register
  6. ^ "Burwood Heritage Trail". Burwood Council. Retrieved 18 April 2009. [dead link]
  7. ^ The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, pp. 2 – 14
  8. ^ State Heritage Register
  9. ^ State Heritage Register
  10. ^ State Heritage Register
  11. ^ State Heritage Register
  12. ^ State Heritage Register
  13. ^ State Heritage Register
  14. ^ State Heritage Register
  15. ^ State Heritage Register
  16. ^ State Heritage Register
  17. ^ State Heritage Register
  18. ^ http://www.asap.unimelb.edu.au/bsparcs/biogs/P000186b.htm

Coordinates: 33°52′38″S 151°06′18″E / 33.8772°S 151.1049°E / -33.8772; 151.1049 Media related to Category:Burwood, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons