Burzil Pass

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Burzil Pass
Elevation 4,100 m (13,451 ft)
Location Pakistan
Range Himalaya Range
Coordinates 34°54′00″N 75°06′00″E / 34.90000°N 75.10000°E / 34.90000; 75.10000Coordinates: 34°54′00″N 75°06′00″E / 34.90000°N 75.10000°E / 34.90000; 75.10000[1]

The Burzil Pass (el. 4,100 m (13,500 ft))[2] is an ancient pass and caravan route between Srinagar in Kashmir and Gilgit. This route was active up to Pakistan's independence. The pass lies close to the Line of Control demarcating India and Pakistan, which has since closed the Burzil. The crest of the pass is wide and covered in summer with alpine grass vegetation.[citation needed] The Astor river originates from western slopes of the pass.[3]

It is the oldest route connecting Gilgit with Srinagar and Skardu through Deosai Plateau. The travellers used horses and ponies to cross the pass. On the beginning of 20th century a hut of post couriers was situated on the crest of the Pass. They brought mail from India to China.[4]

Gilgit is some 367 km (228 mi)[2] from Srinagar by road over the Burzil pass above the northern banks of Wular Lake and Gurez.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ GeoNames.org. "Burzil Pass". 
  2. ^ a b Imperial Gazetteer of India. Provincial Series: Kashmir and Jammu (facsimile reprint). Adamant Media Corporation (original: Superintendent of Government Printing, Calcutta). 4 July 2001 [1909]. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-543-91776-8. Retrieved 2009-08-10. 
  3. ^ Sultana, K.; Muqarrab Shah, T.M.Upson (2007). "Altitudinal Distribution of Grasses, Sedges and Rushes of Deosai Plateau: Pakistan". The Electronic Journal of Environmental, Agricultural and Food Chemistry 6 (11): 2518. ISSN 1579-4377. Retrieved 2009-08-11. 
  4. ^ John Hill (translation, notes, appendices) (September 2003). "The Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu, Chapter on the Western Regions from Hou Hanshu 88,The Kingdom of Wuyishanli 烏弋山離 (Kandahar, including Arachosia and Drangiana), 2nd ed.". 
  5. ^ Bamzai, P.N.K. (1994). Culture and political history of Kashmir. 1. Ancient Kashmir. M D Publications. p. 9. ISBN 978-81-85880-31-0. Retrieved 2009-08-10.