|Owner||City of Busan|
|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||5|
|Number of stations||129 (1 not open)|
|Daily ridership||752,927 (2010)|
|Began operation||19 July 1985|
|Operator(s)||Busan Transportation Corporation
|System length||131.9 km (82.0 mi)|
|Revised Romanization||Busan dosicheoldo|
The Busan Metro operated by the Busan Transportation Corporation is the metro system of Busan, South Korea. The metro network first opened in 1985 with seventeen stations. Now, it consists of 5 lines, 128 operating stations, and 106.8 kilometres (66.4 mi) of tracks.
All directional signs on the Busan Metro are written in both Korean and English, and the voice announcement in the trains indicating the upcoming station, possible line transfer and exiting side are all spoken in Korean, followed by English. Announcements at stations for arriving trains are in Korean, followed by English, then Japanese and Mandarin. All stations are numbered and the first numeral of the number is the same as the line number, e.g. station 123 is on line 1.
The Metro map includes information on which station, and which numbered exit from that station, to use for main attractions.
Ride Fares and Metros Pass
A single ride fare (as of 1 June 2014) is 1300 won for a destination within less than 10 km (6.2 mi) and 1500 won for any other destinations. Tickets are sold at "Ticket Vending Machines". Usually most machines will accept 1000 won notes as well as coins. Tickets should be kept since they are required to leave the station once reaching destination, and getting caught "jumping the gate" will result in a hefty fine.
The use of a metro pass, either a Hanaro Card (하나로카드) or a Digital Busan Card (디지털부산카드) will offer a fare discount of 10% to adults and 20% to youth of 13-18 of age. Both the Hanaro and the Digital Busan cards, are available in either card format or a more compact, yet slightly more expensive cell phone accessory format. The passes are equipped with a microchip and are scanned by laying them against sensor plates at the entrance and exit of stations. This makes them more efficient than magnetic stripe cards since they can be detected through a wallet or purse. Hanaro Cards are for sale at all stations for 2000 won. All type of passes can have credit added to them in any station at the "Automatic Charge Machine" (교통카드 자동 보충기); the instructions are available in both English and Korean. The passes can also be used to pay for bus fares and for purchases on specially equipped vending machines throughout the city.
|Starting Station||Ending Station||Stations||Total Length|
||부산-김해 경전철||Sasang||Kaya University||21||23.4 km|
Busan Metro Line 1 (1호선) is the north-south route. It is 32.5 km (20.2 mi) long with 34 stations. The line uses trains that have eight cars each.
Plans for this line were made in 1979. Two years later, in 1981, construction began on the first phase, between Nopo-Dong (now Nopo) and Beomnaegol, which was finished in July 1985. This stretch was 16.2 km (10.1 mi) long. Further extensions continued southward, with a 5.4 km (3.4 mi) extension from Beomnaegol to Jungang-dong (now Jungang) opened in May 1987, a 4.5 km (2.8 mi) extension to Seodaeshin-dong (now Seodaeshin) in February 1990, and a 6.4 km (4.0 mi) extension to Shinpyeong in June 1994. The total construction cost was 975.1 billion won. The extension of the line further into Saha-gu is currently under construction and is expected to be finished in late 2016.
Busan Metro Line 2 (2호선) crosses Busan from east to west, running along the shores of Haeundae and Gwangalli, and then north toward Yangsan. It has 43 stations, with 1 not operating. The line uses trains that have six cars each.
Although construction on the first section began in 1991, a 22.4 km (13.9 mi) route, with 21 stations between Hopo and Seomyeon; it was not opened until June 30, 1999. With Phase 2, the line was extended 8.7 km (5.4 mi) southeast from Seomyeon to Geumnyeonsan on August 8, 2001. It was extended 0.9 km (0.56 mi) north to Gwangan on January 16, 2002, and finally, on August 29, 2002, it was extended 8 km (5.0 mi) east to Jangsan.
Phase 3, started in 1998, extends Line 2 north from Hopo more into the city of Yangsan. The phase was originally supposed to add another 11.3 km (7.0 mi) to the line. Originally, phase 3 planned of seven stations; currently, only three of the seven are in operation. Jeungsan Station, which will be the fourth station to open in phase 3, is planned to open when developments around the station are completed. The city of Yangsan has currently gave up on finishing the extension (building the last three stations).
The extension of Line 2 towards the eastern extremity of Haeundae-gu is planned. If this extension opens, then 4 new stations will be added to Line 2.
Busan Metro Line 3 (3호선) construction began in November 1997. Opening was delayed many times, but the Line 3 finally started service on November 28, 2005, with an 18.3 km (11.4 mi) long line along 17 stations. Line 3 uses 4-car trains. The first phase's estimated construction cost was 1,688.6 billion won, with the second phase split off into Line 4.
Following the "Daegu Subway Fire" in 2003, it was decided during construction to install screen doors to all station platforms on Line 3. This is one of the few lines in Korea and in the world that have screen doors installed in every station. Line 3 significantly improved the metro transportation system by connecting the Suyeong and Yeonsan-dong region, as well as the Yeonsan-dong and Deokcheon region.
Busan Metro Line 4, also called the Bansong Line, is a rubber-tyred metro system that serves north-central and northeastern Busan. The line was originally planned as an extension of Line 3. Using automated guideway transit technology and extending from Minam to Anpyeong, Line 4 includes 14 stations and 12.7 km (7.9 mi) of tracks. Originally scheduled to open in 2008, the line opened on March 30, 2011. Of the 14 stations, 8 are underground, 1 is ground-level, and 5 are above-ground. Each train has 6 cars, each car quite shorter than the cars of other lines in the metro system.
Busan-Gimhae LRT (BGL)
The Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit is a light metro system that connects the city of Busan to the neighboring city of Gimhae. The line opened on 9 September 2011. It is operated by B&G Metro. The line has 21 stations, including two stations, Daejeo and Sasang, where one can transfer to Line 3 and Line 2 respectively. The line serves as inner-city transit for both Busan and Gimhae, an inter-city network linking Gimhae and Busan, and a new way to get to Gimhae International Airport.
All of the 21 stations are above-ground, and each train has 2 cars.
Expansions and Plans
- A southern extension of Line 1 into Saha-gu is currently under construction, planned to open in late 2016.
- There is an upgrade construction on the Donghae Nambu Line, which includes having commuter trains linking Busan and Ulsan, planned to be finished in 2015.
- An upgrade to part of the Gyeongjeon Line, including operating a commuter train system linking Busan and Changwon is planned to be finished in 2018.
- A line that connects Sasang Station (Line 2, Busan-Gimhae LRT, and the upgraded Gyeongjeon Line) to Gadeok Island is planned, with the first phase from Sasang Station to Hadan Station (Line 1) planned to be finished in 2019.
- A light rail line that connects Nopo of Line 1 to Yangsan of Line 2 and finishes up further in Yangsan is planned.
- An extension of Line 4 further into Gijang-gun is planned.
Lost and Found
The Lost and Found office is located on the Line 1 platform in Seomyeon Station. It is open during daytime on weekdays and in morning on Saturdays. Unclaimed items are kept for 7 days before being handed to the police.
On May 25, 2006, TU Media started to serve the entire metro network with S-DMB service. The current S-DMB transmission allow subscriber to receive television and radio reception on hand-held device such as cell-phone. With an investment of 11 billion won TU Media installed 530 signal emitters to provide seamless reception in the entire underground system.
- Construction plan, Busan Transportation Corporation (Korean)
- Hwang Si-young (May 26, 2006). "KOREA: Satellite DMB launched on Busan subway lines". Asia News Daily. Retrieved February 3, 2009.
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