Bush Barrow is a site of the early British Bronze Age (ca. 2000 BC), at the western end of the Normanton Down Barrows cemetery. It is among the most important sites of the Stonehenge complex. It was excavated in 1808 by Sir Richard Colt Hoare and William Cunnington. The finds are displayed at Wiltshire Museum in Devizes.
The barrow contained a male skeleton with rich funerary goods, including a large 'lozenge'-shaped sheet of gold, a sheet gold belt plate, three bronze daggers, a bronze axe, a stone macehead and bronze rivets.
The design of the artifact known as the Bush Barrow Lozenge, and the smaller lozenge, has been shown to be based on a hexagon construction. Detailed analysis of the design has shown both the shape and the decorative panels to have been created by repeating hexagons within a series of three concentric circles (each framing the series of smaller decorative panels). The precision and accuracy displayed by the work demonstrates both a sophisticated tool kit and a sound knowledge of geometric form. A similar gold lozenge from Clandon Barrow, in Dorset, used a decagon in its design.
One of the daggers had a wooden hilt decorated with several thousand gold pins that form a herringbone pattern. The pins are 0.04 inches in length. It is thought that the gold came from Ireland, and the dagger was made in Brittany. David Dawson, Director of Wiltshire Heritage Museum has stated that:
- "The gold studs are remarkable evidence of the skill and craftsmanship of Bronze Age goldsmiths - quite rightly described as 'the work of the gods'"
- Wiltshire Heritage
- Johnson, Anthony, Solving Stonehenge: The New Key to an Ancient Enigma pp 182-185 (Thames & Hudson, 2008) ISBN 978-0-500-05155-9
- Melrose, Robin (2010). The Druids and King Arthur: A New View of Early Britain. p. 96. ISBN 9780786460052.
- Khan, Urmee (22 Oct 2008). "Britain's 'most important archeological' discovery found in desk drawer". Daily Telegraph.
- UNESCO website
- Rethinking Bush Barrow (britarch.ac.uk)