Bush Hill Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 51°38′34″N 0°04′25″W / 51.6429°N 0.0736°W / 51.6429; -0.0736

Bush Hill Park
Bush Hill Park, Abbey Road - geograph.org.uk - 167826.jpg
Abbey Road
Bush Hill Park is located in Greater London
Bush Hill Park
Bush Hill Park
 Bush Hill Park shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ333955
    - Charing Cross 12.9 mi (20.8 km)  
London borough Enfield
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ENFIELD
Postcode district EN1
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Edmonton
London Assembly Enfield and Haringey
List of places
UK
England
London

Bush Hill Park is a locality within the London Borough of Enfield. Situated 0.5 miles (0.8 km) mile south east of Enfield Town and immediately to the west of the branch railway line from Edmonton Green to Enfield Town which forms a boundary between the historic parishes of Enfield and Edmonton. Much of the district is a planned suburban estate designated a conservation area in 1986.[1] For political purposes the locality falls within the Edmonton parliamentary constituency.

History[edit]

Queen Anne's Parade. In the background is the former bank now the home to a nursery school

Bush Hill Park was farmland that was part of an estate centred around Bush Hill Park House, a country house. The estate changed hands several times in the 18th century before coming under the ownership of William Mellish, a merchant and MP for Middlesex. By this time the estate covered 438 acres (177 ha) – one of the largest in the parish. The estate was broken up in 1875 with the North London Estates Company NLEC, a speculative development company buying 373 acres (151 ha) acres. Bush Hill Park House was sold separately and demolished in 1929.[1] Initially, the estate was slow to develop. However, with the building of Bush Hill Park station in 1880 the first phase of houses were built between 1880–1886. The houses were divided into a prestige development in Village Road and other substantial homes were completed in Wellington Road, Queen Anne's Place and Dryden Road. Most of these earlier houses were designed by architect, R Tayler Smith for the NLEC. By 1887, following a housing boom a ten year decline began with NLEC going bankrupt in 1887. Demand for housing picked up due to the expansion of the Royal Small Arms Factory during the Boer War and the present form of the estate was completed by 1914. Between 1914–1960 development was restricted to infilling existing plots. After 1960 larger properties were demolished and replaced by blocks of flats. In 1987, much of the estate was designated as a conservation area and halted such redevelopment.[1]

Governance[edit]

Bush Hill Park is one of seven wards which form the Edmonton parliamentary constituency. The MP for Edmonton is Andy Love, Labour Co-op who polled 21,665 votes (53.7%) at the General Election held on 6 May 2010.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bush Hill Park is a popular residential suburb due to its good transport links and wide mix of quality housing. Amenities include a primary school, several places of worship, a public house, doctor and dentist surgeries and a selection of essential retail outlets and services. Adjacent to the railway station is a parade of shops, and a small commercial area which includes the former bank now used as a nursery.[1]

Conservation area[edit]

The conservation area can be divided into three distinct areas. Firstly, the main core of the estate to include Wellington Road, Queen Anne's Place, Queen Anne's Gardens, Dryden Road and Abbey Road. The second area Private Road was added to the conservation area in 1994. Bush Hill Park railway station and its immediate environs make up the third area. Two buildings of note in this area are the former bank and the Bush Hill Park Hotel.[1]

Contained within the area there is a wide variety of building styles from 1880–1960 including examples of Baroque revival, Arts and Crafts and two Grade II listed houses. Open spaces include the Enfield Cricket Club which was founded in 1856 and Bush Hill Park Tennis and Bowls Club.[1][3] Also, of interest are the many mature trees, hedges and well-stocked front gardens that can be found throughout the neighbourhood.

Watercourses[edit]

Saddlers Mill Stream flows mostly underground before merging with Salmons Brook. However, the stream is visible at Village Road and Wellington Road.[4]

Culture[edit]

The locality has several large areas of open space; The Bush Hill Park Recreation Ground is bounded by Lincoln and Southbury Road and was officially opened on 18 April 1911,[5] Bush Hill Park golf club was established in 1895. The course is on the fringe of Bush Hill Park and extends into Enfield.[6] Enfield Cricket club and the Bush Hill Park Tennis, Bowls and Social Club are both located in the conservation area. The cricket club were founded in 1856 and play in the Middlesex County Cricket League [7] while the Bush Hill Park Bowls, Tennis & Social club was founded in its current form in 1912.[8] Riverside Park an informal public open space is located at Private Road.[1] Croquet has been played at Enfield Croquet Club in Bush Hill Park Recreation Ground.[9] since 1991.

Transport[edit]

Bush Hill Park is served by Bush Hill Park railway station and London bus routes 192 and 377.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Bush Hill Park conservation area Retrieved 18 August 2010
  2. ^ Andy Love MP Retrieved 28 August 2010
  3. ^ Bush Hill Park Tennis Club Retrieved 13 March 2011
  4. ^ Saddlers Mill Stream Retrieved 8 September 2010
  5. ^ Friends of Bush Hill Park Retrieved 1 September 2010
  6. ^ Bush Hill Park Golf Club Retrieved 31 August 2010
  7. ^ Enfield CC Retrieved 31 August 2010
  8. ^ Bush Hill Park Bowls, Tennis and Social Club Retrieved 31 August 2010
  9. ^ http://www.enfieldcroquet.org
  10. ^ McWhirter's death Retrieved 24 August 2010
  11. ^ Enfield Independent news report Retrieved 7 June, 2013
  12. ^ Scorcher's Funeral Retrieved 8 August, 2013

External links[edit]