Bushi language

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Bushi
Shibushi
Kibushi
Native to Mayotte, Madagascar[citation needed]
Native speakers
39,000  (2001)[1]
Latin
Language codes
ISO 639-3 buc
Glottolog bush1250[2]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Bushi (Shibushi or Kibushi) is a language spoken in Madagascar[citation needed] and the French-ruled Comorian islands of Mayotte. In 1995, it was spoken by 806,000 people (767,000 in Madagascar and 39,000 in Mayotte).[citation needed]

Madagascar Bushi[edit]

Bushi is spoken in northwestern Madagascar in the area of Antsiranana (Diego-Suarez) and Mahajanga (Majunga).

Mayotte Bushi[edit]

Bushi is known as Kibushi on Mayotte and is spoken by 40% of the islands' people (1980). It is spoken alongside the Maore dialect (Shimaore) of Comorian, a Bantu language. Historically, Kibushi and Shimaore have been spoken in certain villages but Shimaore tends to be the de facto indigenous lingua franca in everyday life, because of the larger Shimaore-speaking population. Only Shimaore is represented on the local television news program by Réseau Outre-Mer 1re. Dialects of Bushi in Mayotte (known as Shibushi in Shimaore) include Kiantalaotse and Kibushi-Kimaore (Shibushi-Shimaore in Shimaore).

Bushi is spoken along the west coast of the main island (Grande-Terre) including the villages of Bambo Est, M'Boueni, Passy-Kéli, Mronabeja, Kani-Kéli, Chirongui, Poroani, Ouangani, Chiconi, Sohoa, M'Tsangamouji, Acoua, Mtsangadoua, Handrema.

Orthography[edit]

In Mayotte, Bushi was traditionally written with an informal French-based Latin orthography. On 22 February 2006, the Conseil de la Culture, de l'Education et de l'Environnement de Mayotte introduced an official alphabet that utilizes the basic Latin alphabet without c, j, q, and x and adds three letters: ɓ, ɗ, and n̈.[3]

Mayotte Bushi alphabet
Letter Aa Bb Ɓɓ Dd Ɗɗ Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Kk Ll Mm Nn N̈n̈ Oo Pp Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Yy Zz
IPA Value /a/ /b/ /ɓ/ /d/ /ɗ/ /e/ /f/ /ɡ/ /h/ /i/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /o/ /p/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /w/ /j/ /z/

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Bushi at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Bushi". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 
  3. ^ Alphabet du Kibushi (French)