Busk, Ukraine

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Busk
Буськ
The Busk City Council.
The Busk City Council.
Coat of arms of Busk
Coat of arms
Map of Ukraine (blue) with Busk (red) highlighted.
Map of Ukraine (blue) with Busk (red) highlighted.
Coordinates: 49°58′0″N 24°37′0″E / 49.96667°N 24.61667°E / 49.96667; 24.61667
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Flag of Lviv Oblast.png Lviv Oblast
Raion Busk Raion
Area
 • Total 9.0 km2 (3.5 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 8,896
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 80500—80505
Area code(s) +380-3264
Sister cities Ropczyce

Busk (Ukrainian: Буськ; Polish: Busk) is a city located in Busk Raion in Lviv Oblast (province) of western Ukraine. The city's population was 8,896 as of the 2006 Ukrainian Census.

It is administrative center of the Busk Raion.

Busk was the birthplace of Yevhen Petrushevych, the president of the West Ukrainian National Republic.

History[edit]

Busk has a long history. It was granted town charter in 1411 by Siemowit IV, Duke of Masovia. In the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, it belonged to the Belz Voivodeship, and was the seat of a separate administrative unit, the Land of Busk. The town remained part of Poland until the first partition of Poland (1772), when it was seized by the Habsburg Empire, and remained in Austrian Galicia until late 1918. In the interwar period, Busk belonged to Kamionka Buska County, Tarnopol Voivodeship, until Soviet invasion of Poland (September 1939). In 1913, the population of Busk was 8,000, including 3,500 Poles, 2,700 Jews and 1,800 Ukrainians.

Busk had a very active Jewish community before World War II. The first synagogue was built in 1502.[1] The old Jewish cemetery was renowned. On July 1, 1941, German forces occupied Busk. The Jewish population was transferred to a ghetto then eliminated on May 21, 1943. 1500 Jews perished during this operation.[1] Raisel Meltzak, a Jewish child from Busk, was among the first Holocaust survivors to have her testimony recorded when she was interviewed by David P. Boder at a home for displaced Jewish orphans in France on September 8, 1946.[2]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Busk is twinned with

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Porteur de mémoires, Père Patrick Desbois, Flammarion 2007
  2. ^ Interview with Raisel Meltzak

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°58′N 24°38′E / 49.967°N 24.633°E / 49.967; 24.633